Secondary Activities class 12 Notes Geography

myCBSEguide App

myCBSEguide App

CBSE, NCERT, JEE Main, NEET-UG, NDA, Exam Papers, Question Bank, NCERT Solutions, Exemplars, Revision Notes, Free Videos, MCQ Tests & more.

Install Now

 

Secondary Activities class 12 Notes Geography in PDF are available for free download in myCBSEguide mobile app. The best app for CBSE students now provides Secondary Activities class 12 Notes Geography latest chapter wise notes for quick preparation of CBSE board exams and school-based annual examinations. Class 12 Geography notes on chapter 6 Secondary Activities Geography are also available for download in CBSE Guide website.

Class 12 Geography notes Chapter 6 Secondary Activities

Download CBSE class 12th revision notes for chapter 6 Secondary Activities in PDF format for free. Download revision notes for Secondary Activities class 12 Notes Geography and score high in exams. These are the Secondary Activities class 12 Notes prepared by team of expert teachers. The revision notes help you revise the whole chapter 6 in minutes. Revision notes in exam days is one of the best tips recommended by teachers during exam days.

Download Revision Notes as PDF

CBSE Class 12 Revision Notes Secondary Activities Geography

GIST: MANUFACTURING, CHARACTERISTICS OF MODERN LARGE SCALE MANUFACTURING, CLASSIFICATION OF INDUSTRIES

GENERAL:

1. secondary activities add value to natural resources by transforming raw materials into valuable products

2. Manufacturing:

a. Involves a full array of production from handicrafts to molding iron and steel and stamping  out plastic toys to assembling delicate computer components or space vehicles

b. Application of power

c. mass production

d. identical products

e. specialized labour

f. standardized commodities

CHARACTERISTICS OF MODERN LARGE SCALE MANUFACTURING

1. Specialization of skills/ methods of production

2. Mechanization

3. Technical innovation

4. Organizational structure and stratification

5. Uneven geographic distribution

6. Access to market

7. Access to raw material

8. Access to labour supply

9. Access to sources of energy

10. Access to transportation& communication skills

11. Government policy

12. Link to industries

CLASSIFICATION OF INDUSTRIES

A. BASED ON SIZE

1. COTTATGE / HOUSE HOLD

2. SMALL SCALE

3. LARGE SCALE

B. BASED ON INPUT/RAW MATERIAL

1. AGROBASED

2. MINERAL BASED

3. CHEMICAL BASED

4. FOREST BASED

5. ANIMAL BASED

C. BASED ON OUTPUT/PRODUCT

1. BASIC INDUSTRIE

2. CONSUMER INDUSTRIES

D. BASED ON OWNERSHIP

1. PUBLIC SECTOR

2. PRIVATE SECTOR

3. JOINT SECTOR

TRADITIONAL LARGE SCALE INDUSTRIAL REGIONS

1. HIGH PROPORTION OF EMPLOYMENT

2. HIGH DENSITY OF HOUSING

3. POOR SERVICES INFERIOR QUALITY

4. POLLUTION , WASTE HEAPS

5. UNEMPLOYMENT, EMIGRATION DERELICT LAND AREAS

RUHR COAL FIELD –GERMANY

1. One of the major industrial area

2. Coal, iron, steel are bases for the economy

3. Demand for coal declined so industry shrinking

4. Ruhr region is producing 80% of steel production

5. Problems of industrial waste and pollution

6. New industries emerged in the place of old industries such as car assembly new chemical industry, universities.

CONCEPT OF HIGH TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY

1.  Latest generation manufacturing unit

2. Application of R&D unit

3. Professional workers(white collar) share large group

4. Highly skilled specialists (blue collar) also working

5. Robotics are used in assembly line

6. Computer Aided Design is used

7. Electronic controls

8. Neatly spaced, low modern dispersed office plant and lab buildings

9. Planned business parks for high-tech industries

10. Regionally concentrated, self sustained highly specialized techno-poles

11. Silicon valley in San Francisco and silicon forest near Seattle are techno poles

IRON AND STEEL INDUSTRIES

1. Base for other industries so it is called basic industry

2. Provide raw material to other industries

3. Also called heavy industry

4. Use bulky material

5. Produce heavy material

RAW MATERIALS

A. COAL

B. LIME STONE

C. COKE

D. IRONORE

E. MANGANESE

FEATURES

1. Located nearby raw material or Near the ports

2. Mini steel industries are located near by markets

3. Located nearby integrated steel plants for scrap

DISTRIBUTION

1. Most complex and capital intensive industry

a. North America: USA –

North Appalachian region: PITTISBURG,

Great lake region: CHICOGO, GARRY, ERIE,  CLEVELAND LORAIN BUFALLO , DULUTH

Atlantic region SPARRPWS POINT AND MORRISVILLE

b. Europe UK –  Birmingham, &Sheffield

Germany: Duisburg, Dortmund Dusseldorf Essen

France: Le Creosote St.Ettienne

Russia: Moscow, St. Petersburg. Lipetsk Tula

Asia:  Nagasaki, Tokyo Yokoma of Japan

Shanghai, Tangshan and Wuhan in China

Jamshedpur, Kulti Burnpur Durgapur Roukela Bhilai Bokaro Salem Vizak of India

COTTON TEXTILE INDUSTRY  

THREE SUB SECTORS

1. handloom

provide more labour employment, semi skilled workers, small capital, spinning weaving and finishing of fabrics are important functions

2. Power loom

Machines are used, less labour intensive, volume of production increases

3. Mill sector: highly capital intensive produces cloth in bulk Distribution: INDIA CHINA USA PAKISTAN UZBEKISTAN EGYPT Egypt produces half of the world cotton

UK NW EUROPE JAPAN produce textiles by importing raw material from other countries

Industry facing stiff competition with synthetic fiber

Now it is declining trend due to technology

It is shifted to less developed countries

CBSE Class 12 Revision Notes – in PDF Download

CBSE quick revision note for class-12 Geography, Chemistry, Math’s, Biology and other subject are very helpful to revise the whole syllabus during exam days. The revision notes covers all important formulas and concepts given in the chapter. Even if you wish to have an overview of a chapter, quick revision notes are here to do if for you. These notes will certainly save your time during stressful exam days.

To download Geography, sample paper for class 12 Physics, Chemistry, Biology, History, Political Science, Economics, Geography, Computer Science, Home Science, Accountancy, Geography and Home Science; do check myCBSEguide app or website. myCBSEguide provides sample papers with solution, test papers for chapter-wise practice, NCERT solutions, NCERT Exemplar solutions, quick revision notes for ready reference, CBSE guess papers and CBSE important question papers. Sample Paper all are made available through the best app for CBSE students and myCBSEguide website.


http://mycbseguide.com/examin8/




Leave a Comment