Human Geography nature and scope class 12 Notes Geography

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Revision Notes for Class 12 Geography Human Geography nature and scope

Download CBSE class 12th revision notes for chapter 1 Human Geography nature and scope in PDF format for free. Download revision notes for Human Geography nature and scope class 12 Notes Geography and score high in exams. These are the Human Geography nature and scope class 12 Notes prepared by team of expert teachers. The revision notes help you revise the whole chapter 1 in minutes. Revision notes in exam days is one of the best tips recommended by teachers during exam days.

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CBSE Class 12 Notes of Chapter 1 Human Geography nature and scope


·   Geography is a field of study is integrative, empirical and practical

·   it studies each and every event on the earth over the space and time

·   human geography studies the relationship between man and nature

·   Geo. can be studied through law making or descriptive

There are two approaches of geography

1. systematic approach

2. Regional approach

Vi physical and human phenomena are described in metaphors using symbols from the human anatomy

Vii definition of human geography

Human Geography Defined

• “Human geography is the synthetic study of relationship between human societies and earth‟s surface”. Ratzel

Synthesis has been emphasized in the above definition.

•“Human geography is the study of “the changing relationship between the un-resting man and the unstable earth.”Ellen C. Semple

Dynamism in the relationship is the keyword in Semple‟s definition.

• “Conception resulting from a more synthetic knowledge of the physical laws governing our earth and of the relations between the living beings which inhabit it”. Paul Vidal de la Blache


1. Human geography studies the inter relationship between the physical environment and socio-cultural environment created by man. 2. Elements of physical are land, water, soil, climate, vegetation, fauna 3. Elements of cultural are transport and communication, settlements, crops NATURALISATION OF HUMANS a. Man interact with nature with the help of technology b. It is not important that what he creates but with what tools he used to create c. Technology indicates the level of cultural development of society d. Understanding the nature helps to create technology 1. understanding of friction and heat helped to discover fire

2. understanding DNA helped to eradicate diseases

3. laws of thermodynamics helped to develop fast planes

4. knowledge about nature is extremely important to develop technology and technology loosens the shackles of environment on human being .

5. the interaction between primitive society and nature is called ENVIRONMENTAL DETERMINISM.


1. With the development of technology people understood the nature well

2. They move from state of necessity to state of possibilities

3. Human activities created cultural landscape

4. so it is called as possibilism


1.Developed by Griffith Taylor

2.It is a middle path between environmental determinism and possibilism

3. the concept shows that neither is there a situation of absolute necessity nor is there a condition of absolute freedom.

4. sustainable development is the main aim

5. The Neo determinism maintains balance between development and nature


Schools of human geography


Concerned with social well being of the people a. housing b. Health c. Education RADICAL SCHOOL

Concerned with causes of poverty, deprivation and social Inequality BEHAVIOURAL SCHOOL

Given importance to lived experience, perception of space by Social categories STAGES THROUGH CORRIDORIES OF TIME.

ColonialExploration & descriptionImperialism and trade lead to discover many lands
ColonialRegional analysisUnderstanding of parts in totality would lead to understand the whole
1930- interwaraerial differentiationFind the reasons for the uniqueness of a region
1950-1960Spatial organizationApply technology to study geography
1970Emergence of humanistic, radical and behavioral schoolEmergence of sociopolitical reality with the help of schools
1990Post modernismGeneralization and apply of universal laws to understand geography
Fields of human geoSub fieldSister disciplines
Social geoSocial science-sociology
Behavioral geoPsychology
Geo of social well beingWelfare economics
Geo of leisureSociology
Cultural geoAnthropology
Gender geoSociology, anthropology, women studies
Historical geoHistory
Medical geoEpidemiology
Urban geoUrban studies and planning
Political geoPolitical science
Electoral geoPsephology
Military geoMilitary science
Pop. geoDemography
Settlement geoUrban and rural planning
Eco. geoEconomics
Geo. of resourcesResource economics
Geo. of AgricultureAgricultural science
Geo. of industriesIndustrial economics
Geo. of marketingBusiness studies, economics, commerce
Geo. of tourismTourism and travel management
Geo. of international tradeInternational trade

Revision Notes for Class 12 – in PDF Download

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