Tertiary and Quaternary Activities class 12 Notes Geography

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Class 12 Geography notes Chapter 7 Tertiary and Quaternary Activities

Download CBSE class 12th revision notes for chapter 7 Tertiary and Quaternary Activities in PDF format for free. Download revision notes for Tertiary and Quaternary Activities class 12 Notes Geography and score high in exams. These are the Tertiary and Quaternary Activities class 12 Notes prepared by team of expert teachers. The revision notes help you revise the whole chapter 7 in minutes. Revision notes in exam days is one of the best tips recommended by teachers during exam days.

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CBSE Revision  Notes for class 12 Geography Chapter 7 Tertiary and Quaternary Activities


  1. large number work in tertiary sector and medium number work in secondary sector
  2. They include both production and exchange
  3. Production includes provision of service
  4. utput is indirectly measured in terms of wages and salaries
  5. xchange involves trade transport and communication
  6. Provide commercial output service
  7. Specialized skills are involved


Service Sector

1. Tertiary

A. Trade & Commerce

I. Whole Sale

a. Urban Supply House

b. Rural Mandis

II. Retail

a. Urban

i. Chain Stores

ii. Mail Order[Mail Order has further in 2 types:-Telephone and internet]

iii. Convenient Shopping

iv. PDS

b. Rural

i. Periodic Markets

B. Transport

I. Road

II. Rail

III. Water

a. Inland

b. Oceanic

i. Passenger

ii. Cargo

IV. Air

C. Communication

I. Means of Transport

II. Telecommunication

a. Telephone

i. Landline

ii. Mobile

III. Audiovisual

a. Films

b. Radio

c. TV

d. Print

i. News

ii. Magazine

D. Services

I. Banking

II. Insurance

III. Real Estate

IV. Personal

a. Private

b. Govt.

c. NGO

2. Quaternary

A. Information based

B. R & D Based

3. Quinary

A. Specialist

B. Decision makers

C. Consultant

D. Policy Formulators


Tourism: tourist regions, factors affecting tourism: demand , transport

TOURIST ATTRACTIONS:  climate, landscape history and art, culture and economy Empowered workers,


  1. Collection production and dissemination of information ,.
  2. Production of information,
  3. Research and development,
  4. Specialized knowledge,
  5. Technical skills,
  6. Administrative competence.


  • The highest level of decision makers, policy makers,


  • Large no. of call centers in India and China opened


  • Cheap,
  • Availability of skilled persons,
  • English language communication skills,
  • Out migrating countries.

It includes 

  1. Knowledge processing outsourcing
  2. Home shoring
  3. Business process outsourcing
  4. Availability of high skilled workers ex. E-learning, business research  intellectual property legal profession  and banking sector


  1. India is leading country in medical tourism
  2. World class hospitals are located in India
  3. Abundant benefits for the developing countries
  4. It is cheap for developed countries
  5. Advantages for patients
  6. Developed transport in India


  1. Availability of information and communication technology
  2. It is uneven in the world
  3. It depends on the government policy
  4. Developed countries provide but developing countries still to provide the ICT to their people

CBSE Class 12 Revision Notes – in PDF Download

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