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CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus 2022-23

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CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus 2022-23 includes Geography as a discipline, The Earth,  Landforms, Climate and Natural Vegetation, Natural hazards and disasters, Water (Oceans) etc for the session 2022 – 2023. Here is the detailed syllabus. To download class 11 Geography CBSE latest sample question papers for the 2023 exams, please install the myCBSEguide App which is the best mobile app for CBSE students. The myCBSEguide app not only provides you the CBSE class 11 Geography model question papers but it also provides class 11 Geography chapter-wise test papers, class 11 Geography best revision notes and other study material for class 11 Geography students.

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CBSE Class – 11
Geography (Code No. 029)
Syllabus (2022-23)

Total Marks: 70
Time: 3 Hours

PartUnitsNo. of PeriodsMarks
AFundamentals of Physical Geography8935 Marks
Unit-1: Geography as a discipline0630
Unit-2: The Earth11
Unit-3: Landforms20
Unit-4: Climate30
Unit-5: Water (Oceans)10
Unit-6: Life on the Earth07
Map and diagram055
BIndia-Physical Environment7835 Marks
Unit-7: Introduction30
Unit-8: Physiography
Unit-9: Climate and Natural Vegetation
Unit-10: Natural hazards and disasters
Map and Diagram5
Total16770 Marks
CPractical Work in Geography Part I5030 Marks
Unit-1: Fundamentals of Maps2515 Marks
Unit-2: Topographic Maps2510 Marks
Practical Record Book and Viva5 Marks

Course Content

Part A: Fundamentals of Physical Geography (89 Periods)

Unit 1: Geography as a Discipline (06 Periods)

  • Geography as an integrating discipline, as a science of spatial attributes
  • Branches of Geography: Physical Geography and Human Geography

Unit 2: The Earth (11 Periods)

  • Origin and evolution of the earth
  • Interior of the earth Earthquakes and volcanoes: causes, types and effects
  • Distribution of oceans and continents : Wegener’s continental drift theory and plate tectonics

Unit 3: Landforms (20 Periods)

  • Geomorphic processes: weathering; mass wasting; erosion and deposition; soil-formation
  • Landforms and their evolution- Brief erosional and depositional features

Unit 4: Climate (30 Periods)

  • Atmosphere- composition and structure; elements of weather and climate
  • Solar Radiation-Insolation-angle of incidence and distribution; heat budget of the earthheating and cooling of atmosphere (conduction, convection, terrestrial radiation and advection); temperature- factors controlling temperature; distribution of temperature-horizontal and vertical; inversion of temperature
  • Atmospheric circulation and weather systems – Pressure-pressure belts; winds-planetary, seasonal and local; air masses and fronts; tropical and extra tropical cyclones
  • Water in the atmosphere-Precipitationevaporation; condensation-dew, frost, fog, mist and cloud; rainfall-types and world distribution
  • World Climate and Global Concerns

Unit 5: Water (Oceans) (10 Periods)

  • Basics of Oceanography
  • Oceans – distribution of temperature and salinity
  • Movements of ocean water-waves, tides and currents; submarine reliefs

Unit 6: Life on the Earth (07 Periods)

  • Biosphere – importance of plants and other organisms; biodiversity and conservation

Map work on identification of features based on 1 to 6 units on the outline Physical/Political map of the world. (05 Periods)

Part B: India-Physical Environment (78 Periods)

Unit 7: Introduction (04 Periods)

  • India : Location, space relations, India’s place in the world

Unit 8: Physiography (28 Periods)

  • Structure and Relief; Physiographic Divisions
  • Drainage systems: Concept of river basins, watershed; the Himalayan and the Peninsular rivers

Unit 9: Climate, Vegetation and Soil (28 Periods)

  • Weather and climate – spatial and temporal distribution of temperature, Indian monsoon: mechanism, onset and withdrawal
  • Natural vegetation-forest types and distribution; wild life; conservation; biosphere reserves

Unit 10: Hazards and Disasters: Causes, Consequences and Management (14 Periods)

  • Floods, Cloudbursts
  • Droughts: types and impact
  • Earthquakes and Tsunami Cyclones: features and impact
  • Landslides

Map Work of features based on above units for locating andlabeling on the outline Political/Physical map of India (04 Periods)

Part C: Practical Work in Geography Part I (50 Periods)

Unit 1: Fundamentals of Maps (25 Periods)

  • Geo spatial data, Concept of Geographical data matrix; Point, line, area data
  • Maps – types; scales-types; construction of simple linear scale, measuring distance; finding direction and use of symbols
  • Map projection- Latitude, longitude and time, typology, construction and properties of projection: Conical with one standard parallel and Mercator’s projection. (only two projections)

Unit 2: Topographic and Weather Maps (25 Periods)

  • Study of topographic maps (1 : 50,000 or 1 : 25,000 Survey of India maps); contour cross section and identification of landforms-slopes, hills, valleys, waterfall, cliffs; distribution of settlements
  • Satellite imageries, stages in remote sensing data- acquisition, platform and sensors and data products, (photographic and digital)

Practical Record Book and Viva Voce Viva to be based on Practical Unit I and II only.

Prescribed Books:

  1. Fundamentals of Physical Geography, Class XI, Published by NCERT
  2. India, Physical Environment, Class XI, Published by NCERT
  3. Practical Work in Geography Part I, Class XI, Published by NCERT

1. The above textbooks are also available in Hindi medium.
2. Kindly refer to the latest editions of all NCERT Textbooks.


COMPETENCIESTotal Marks and % 70 Marks
DEMONSTRATE29 marks- 41%
APPLICATION26 marks – 37%
FORMULATE15 marks – 22%
TOTAL70 marks – 100%


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