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## Matrices Class 12 Notes Mathematics

Download CBSE class 12th revision notes for chapter 3 Matrices in PDF format for free. Download revision notes for Matrices class 12 Notes and score high in exams. These are the Matrices class 12 Notes prepared by team of expert teachers. The revision notes help you revise the whole chapter 3 in minutes. Revision notes in exam days is one of the best tips recommended by teachers during exam days.

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**CSBE Class 12 Mathematics Chapter 3 Matrices**

- A
**matrix**is an ordered rectangular array of numbers, real or complex or functions. - A matrix having m rows and n columns is called a matrix of
**order**m × n. **Column matrix**: A matrix with one column is denoted by .**Row matrix**: A matrix with one row is denoted by .**Square matrix**: An m × n matrix is a square matrix if m = n.**Diagonal matrix**: A = is a diagonal matrix if =0, when**Scalar matrix**: is a scalar matrix if when i ≠ j, (k is*some constant), when I=j.***Identity matrix**: is an identity matrix, if**Zero matrix**: A zero matrix has all its elements as zero.**Equality of two matrices**: if (i) A and B are of same order, (ii) for all possible values of**Scalar multiplication**:

Also – A = (–1)A

- A – B = A + (–1) B

A + B = B + A

(A + B) + C = A + (B + C), where A =

B = and C = are of same order.- k(A + B) = kA + kB, where A and B are of same order, k is constant.
- (k + l ) A = kA + lA, where k and l are constant.
- where

- (i) A(BC) = (AB)C,

(ii) A(B + C) = AB + AC,

(iii) (A + B)C = AC + BC

- (i) (A′)′ = A, · (ii) (kA)′ = kA′, · (iii) (A + B)′ = A′ + B′, · (iv) (AB)′ = B′A′
**Symmetric matrix**: A is a symmetric matrix if A′ = A.**Skew-aymmetric matrix**: A is a skew symmetric matrix if A′ = –A.- Any square matrix can be represented as the sum of a symmetric and a skew symmetric matrix. In fact, A = (A + A’) + (A – A’), where (A + A’) is a symmetric matrix and (A – A’) is a skew-symmetric matrix.
**Equivalent matrices**: Two matrices A and B are equivalent that is, A – B is A is obtained from the other by a sequence of elementary operations. Elementary operations of a matrix are as follows:

(i)

or (interchange rows or columns)(ii)

or(iii)

or- If A and B are two square matrices such that AB = BA = I, then B is the inverse matrix of A and is denoted by and A is the inverse of B.
- Inverse of a square matrix, if it exists, is unique.

**CBSE Class 12 Revision Notes and Key Points**

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