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Class 8 Political Science notes Chapter 2 Understanding Secularism
Download CBSE class 8th revision notes for chapter 2 Understanding Secularism in PDF format for free. Download revision notes for Understanding Secularism class 8 Notes and score high in exams. These are the Understanding Secularism class 8 Notes prepared by team of expert teachers. The revision notes help you revise the whole chapter 2 in minutes. Revision notes in exam days is one of the best tips recommended by teachers during exam days.
CBSE Class 8 Social Science Revision Notes Understanding Secularism
In history, there are various instances of discrimination, exclusion, persecution and torture on the grounds of religion and in a civilized world no one wishes for such discrimination based on the religion.
Hence Indian constitution speaks about values like Secularism.·
Secularism Refers to Separation of Religion from the state:
(i) The Indian Constitution allows individuals the freedom to live by their religious beliefs and practices.
(ii)India adopted a strategy of separating the power of religion and the power of the state.
Why is it important to Separate Religion from the State:
i) For proper functioning of democracy.
(ii) It prohibits the domination of one religion over another.
(iii)To protect the freedom of individuals to exit from their religion, embrace another religion or have the freedom to interpret religious teachings differently.
What is Indian Secularism:
(i)The Indian Constitution mandates that the Indian state be secular state.
(ii)One religious community does not dominate another in a secular state.
(iii)In a secular state, some members do not dominate other members of the same religious community.
(iv)The state does not enforce any particular religion nor take away the religious freedom of individuals.
(v)The government schools can not promote any one religion.
(vi)In order to respect the sentiments of all religions and not interfere with religious practices, the state makes certain exceptions for particular religious communities.
For Eg. Sikhs wear ‘pugri’ (turban) as a religious practice. Hence they need not to wear helmet while riding two-wheeler.
(vii)The Indian secularism works to prevent the domination of majority religion over minority.
(viii)In order to prevent this religion-based exclusion and discrimination of lower castes, the Indian Constitution bans untouchability.
(ix) In order to end social practices, the state may have to intervene in the religion based orders.
(x)The first amendment of the US constitution prohibits the legislature from making laws “respecting an establishment of religion” or that prohibits the free exercise of religion. It means the legislature cannot declare any religion as an official religion. In the USA, separation between the State and religion means neither the state nor religion can interfere in the affairs of each other.
(xi)The Indian state is secular and works in various ways to prevent religious domination.
(xii) Unlike USA, in India, the state can interfere in religion on the ideal laid down in the constitution. For example; Untouchability is banned by the law.
Understanding Secularism class 8 Notes Political Science
Understanding Secularism class 8 Notes Political Science. CBSE quick revision note for class-8 Political Science, Chemistry, Math’s, Biology and other subject are very helpful to revise the whole syllabus during exam days. The revision notes covers all important formulas and concepts given in the chapter. Even if you wish to have an overview of a chapter, quick revision notes are here to do if for you. These notes will certainly save your time during stressful exam days.
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