NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Exercise 9.2

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NCERT solutions for Class 9 Maths Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Mathematics Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles

1. In figure, ABCD is a parallelogram. AE DC and CF AD. If AB = 16 cm, AE = 8 cm and CF = 10 cm, find AD.

Ans. ABCD is a parallelogram.

DC = AB DC = 16 cm

AE DC [Given]

Now Area of parallelogram ABCD = Base x Corresponding height

Using base AD and height CF, we can find,

Area of parallelogram

128

2. If E, F, G and H are respectively the mid-points of the sides of a parallelogram ABCD, show that ar (EFGH) = ar (ABCD).

Ans. Given: A parallelogram ABCD. E, F, G and H are mid-points of AB, BC, CD and DA respectively.

To prove: ar (EFGH) = ar (ABCD)

Construction: Join HF

Proof: ar (GHF) = ar (gm HFCD) ……….(i)

And ar (HEF) = ar (gm HABF) ……….(ii)

[If a triangle and a parallelogram are on the same base and between the same parallel then the area of triangle is half of area of parallelogram]

ar (GHF) + ar (HEF)

= ar (gm HFCD) + ar (gm HABF)

ar (gm HEFG) = ar (gm ABCD)

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Exercise 9.2

3. P and Q are any two points lying on the sides DC and AD respectively of a parallelogram ABCD. Show that ar (APB) = ar (BQC).

Ans. Given: ABCD is a parallelogram. P is a point on DC and Q is a point on AD.

To prove: ar (APB) = ar (BQC)

Construction: Draw PM BC and QN DC.

Proof: Since QC is the diagonal of parallelogram QNCD.

ar (QNC) = ar (gm QNCD) ……….(i)

Again BQ is the diagonal of parallelogram ABNQ.

ar (BQN) = ar (gm ABNQ) ……….(ii)

ar (QNC) + ar (BQN)

= ar (gm QNCD) + ar (gm ABNQ)

ar (BQC) = ar (gm ABCD) ………..(iii)

Again AP is the diagonal of gm AMPD.

ar (APM) = ar (gm AMPD) ……….(iv)

And PB is the diagonal of gm PCBM.

ar (PBM) = ar (gm PCBM) ……….(v)

ar (APM) + ar (PBM)

= ar (gm AMPD) + ar (gm PCBM)

ar (APB) = ar (gm ABCD) ……….(vi)

From eq. (iii) and (vi),

ar (BQC) = ar (APB) or ar (APB) = ar (BQC)

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Exercise 9.2

4. In figure, P is a point in the interior of a parallelogram ABCD.

Show that:

(i) ar (APB) + ar (PCD) = ar (ABCD)

(ii) ar (APD) + ar (PBC) = ar (APB) + ar (PCD)

Ans. (i) Draw a line passing through point P and parallel to AB which intersects AD at Q and BC at R respectively.

Now APB and parallelogram ABRQ are on the same base AB and between same parallels AB and QR.

ar (APB) = ar (gm ABRQ) ……….(i)

Also PCD and parallelogram DCRQ are on the same base AB and between same parallels AB and QR.

ar (PCD) = ar (gm DCRQ) ……….(ii)

ar (APB) + ar (PCD)

= ar (gm ABRQ) + ar (gm DCRQ)

ar (APB) = ar (gm ABCD) ……….(iii)

(ii) Draw a line through P and parallel to AD which intersects AB at M and DC at N. Now APD and parallelogram AMND are on the same base AD and between same parallels AD and MN.

ar (APD) = ar (gm AMND) ……….(iv)

Also PBC and parallelogram MNCB are on the same base BC and between same parallels BC and MN.

ar (PBC) = ar (gm MNCB) ……….(v)

ar (APD) + ar (PBC)

= ar (gm AMND) + ar (gm MNCB)

ar (APD) = ar (gm ABCD) ……….(vi)

From eq. (iii) and (vi), we get,

ar (APB) + ar (PCD) = ar (APD) + ar (PBC)

or ar (APD) + ar (PBC) = ar (APB) + ar (PCD)

Hence proved.

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Exercise 9.2

5. In figure, PQRS and ABRS are parallelograms and X is any point on the side BR. Show that:

(i) ar (PQRS) = ar (ABRS)

(ii) ar (AXS) = ar (PQRS)

Ans. (i) Parallelogram PQRS and ABRS are on the same base SR and between the same parallels SR and PB.

ar (gm PQRS) = ar (gm ABRS) ……….(i)

[ parallelograms on the same base and between the same parallels are equal

in area]

(ii) AXS and gm ABRS are on the same base AS and between the same parallels AS and BR.

ar (AXS) = ar (gm ABRS) ……….(ii)

Using eq. (i) and (ii),

ar (AXS) = ar (gm PQRS)

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Exercise 9.2

6. a farmer was having a field in the form of a parallelogram PQRS. She took any point A on RS and joined it to points P and Q. In how many parts the field is divided? What are the shapes of these parts? The farmer wants to sow wheat and pulses in equal portions of the field separately. How should she do it?

Ans. When A is joined with P and Q; the field is divided into three parts viz. PAS, APQ and AQR.APQ and parallelogram PQRS are on the same base PQ and between same parallels PQ and SR.

ar (APQ) = ar (gm PQRS)

It implies that triangular region APQ covers half portion of parallelogram shaped field PQRS.

So if farmer sows wheat in triangular shaped field APQ then she will definitely sow pulses in other two triangular parts PAS and AQR.

Or

When she sows pulses in triangular shaped field APQ then she will sow wheat in other two triangular parts PAS and AQR.

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Exercise 9.2

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5 thoughts on “NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Exercise 9.2”

1. Thanks it helps me a lot….

2. Thank u so much sir i understand the topics very easily …
Keep it up ??

3. thank you so much helps me understand so much better.

4. Pls explain question 2 of exercise 9.2

5. Aise hi solution dalo thanks