NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 6.5

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NCERT solutions for Maths Triangles

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Triangles

1. Sides of triangles are given below. Determine which of them are right triangles. In case of a right triangle, write the length of its hypotenuse.

(i)7 cm, 24 cm, 25 cm

(ii) 3 cm, 8 cm, 6 cm

(iii)50 cm, 80 cm, 100 cm

(iv)13 cm, 12 cm, 5 cm

Ans. (i) Let = 7 cm, = 24 cm and = 25 cm

Here the larger side is = 25 cm.

We have,

So, the triangle with the given sides is a right triangle. Its hypotenuse = 25 cm

(ii) Let = 3 cm, = 8 cm and = 6 cm

Here the larger side is = 8 cm.

We have,

So, the triangle with the given sides is not a right triangle.

(iii) Let = 50 cm, = 80 cm and = 100 cm

Here the larger side is= 100 cm.

We have,

So, the triangle with the given sides is not a right triangle.

(iv) Let = 13 cm, = 12 cm and = 5 cm

Here the larger side is = 13 cm.

We have,

So, the triangle with the given sides is a right triangle. Its hypotenuse = 13 cm

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 6.5

2. PQR is a triangle right angled at P and M is a point on QR such that PM  QR. Show that PM2 = QM x MR.

Ans. Given: PQR is a triangle right angles at P and PMQR

To Prove: PM2 = QM.MR

Proof: Since PMQR
QMPPMR
$\frac{QM}{PM} = \frac{PM}{RM}$

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 6.5

3. In figure, ABD is a triangle right angled at A and ACBD. Show that:

(i) AB2 = BC.BD

(ii) AC2 = BC.DC

Ans. Given: ABD is a triangle right angled at A and ACBD.

To Prove: (i) AB2 = BC.BD, (ii) (iii)

Proof:(i) Since ACBD

ABCADC and each triangle is similar to ABD

ABCABD

(iii) Since ACDABD

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 6.5

4. ABC is an isosceles triangle right angled at C. Prove that.

Ans. Since ABC is an isosceles right triangle, right angled at C.

[BC = AC, given]

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 6.5

5. ABC is an isosceles triangle with AC = BC. If, prove that ABC is a right triangle.

Ans. Since ABC is an isosceles right triangle with AC = BC and

[BC = AC, given]

ABC is right angled at C.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 6.5

6. ABC is an equilateral triangle of side Find each of its altitudes.

Ans. Let ABC be an equilateral triangle of side units.

Draw ADBC. Then, D is the mid-point of BC.

BD = BC =

Since, ABD is a right triangle, right triangle at D.

=

Each of its altitude =

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 6.5

7. Prove that the sum of the squares of the sides of a rhombus is equal to the sum of squares of its diagonals.

Ans. Let the diagonals AC and BD of rhombus ABCD intersect each other at O. Since the diagonals of a rhombus bisect each other at right angles.

and AO = CO, BO = OD

Since AOB is a right triangle, right angled at O.

=

[OA = OC and OB = OD]

……….(1)

Similarly, we have ……….(2)

……….(3)

……….(4)

Adding all these results, we get

=

=

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 6.5

8. In figure, O is a point in the interior of a triangle ABC, OD BC,

OE AC and OF AB. Show that:

(i) =

(ii) =

Ans. Join AO, BO and CO.

(i) In right s OFA, ODB and OEC, we have

, and

=

=

(ii) In right s ODB and ODC, we have

and

……….(1)

Similarly, we have ……….(2)

and = ……….(3)

Adding equations (1), (2) and (3), we get

=

=

= 0

=

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 6.5

9. A ladder 10 m long reaches a window 8 m above the ground. Find the distance of the foot of the ladder from base of the wall.

Ans. Let AB be the ladder, B be the window and CB be the wall. Then, ABC is a

right triangle, right angled at C.

= 100 – 64

= 36

AC = 6

Hence, the foot of the ladder is at a distance 6 m from the base of the wall.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 6.5

10. A guy wire attached to a vertical pole of height 18 m is 24 m long and has a stake attached to the other hand. How far from the base of the pole should the stake be driven so that the wire will be taut?

Ans. Let AB (= 24m) be a guy wire attached to a vertical pole. BC of height 18 m. To keep the wire taut, let it be fixed to a stake at A. Then, ABC is a right triangle, right angled at C.

= 576 – 324

= 252

AC = 6

Hence, the stake may be placed at distance of 6m from the base of the pole.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 6.5

11. An aeroplane leaves an airport and flies due north at a speed of 1000 km pwe hour. At the same time, another aeroplane leaves the same airport and flies due west at a speed of 1200 km per hour. How far apart will be the two planes after hours?

Ans. Let the first aeroplane starts from O and goes upto A towards north where

OA = km = 1500 km

Let the second aeroplane starts from O at the same time and goes upto 1500 km

B towards west where

OB = km = 1800 km

According to the question the required distance = BA

In right angled triangle ABC, by Pythagoras theorem, we have,

=

= 2250000 + 3240000

= 5490000 =

AB = km

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 6.5

12. Two poles of heights 6 m and 11 m stand on a plane ground. If the distance between the feet of the poles is 12 m, find the distance between their tops.

Ans. Let AB = 11 m and CD = 6 m be the two poles such that BD = 12 m A

Draw CEAB and join AC.

CE = DB = 12 m

AE = AB – BE = AB – CD = (11 – 6)m = 5 m

In right angled triangle ACE, by Pythagoras theorem, we have

=

= 144 + 25 = 169

AC = 13 m

Hence, the distance between the tops of the two poles is 13 m.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 6.5

13. D and E are points on the sides CA and CB respectively of a triangle ABC right angled at C. Prove that =.

Ans. In right angled s ACE and DCB, we have

and

=

=

=

[By Pythagoras theorem, and

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 6.5

14. The perpendicular from A on side BC of a ABC intersects BC at D such that DB = 3CD (see figure). Prove that.

Ans. We have, DB = 3CD

Now, BC = DB + CD

BC = 3CD + CD

BC = 4CD

CD = BC and DB = 3CD = BC ……….(1)

Since, ∆ ABD is a right triangle, right angled at D. Therefore by Pythagoras theorem, we have,

……….(2)

Similarly, from ACD, we have, ……….(3)

From eq. (2) and (3)

= [Using eq.(1)]

=

AB2 – AC2 =

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 6.5

15. In an equilateral triangle ABC, D is a point on side BC such that BD = BC. Prove that.

Ans. Let ABC be an equilateral triangle and let D be a point on BC such that BD = BC

In s AEB and AEC, we have,

AB = AC[ABC is equilateral]

AEB = AEC [ each ]

And AE = AE

By SAS-criterion of similarity, we have

AEB AEC

BE = EC

Thus, we have, BD = BC, DC = BC and BE = EC = BC ………(1)

Since, C =

ADC is an acute angle triangle.

= [using eq.(1)]

= [ AB = BC = AC]

=

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 6.5

16. In an equilateral triangle, prove that three times the square of one side is equal to four times the square of one of its altitudes.

Ans. Let ABC be an equilateral triangle and let ADBC. In s ADB and ADC, we have,

AB = AC [Given]

B = C = [Given]

BD = DC

BD = DC = BC

Since ADB is a right triangle, right angled at D, by Pythagoras theorem, we have,

[ BC = AB]

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 6.5

17. Tick the correct answer and justify: In ABC, AB = cm, AC = 12 cm and BC = 6 cm. the angles A and B are respectively:

(A) and

(B) and

(C) and

(D) and

Ans. (C) In ABC, we have, AB = cm, AC = 12 cm and BC = 6 cm.

Now, = = 144 =

Thus, ABC is a right triangle, right angled at B.

B =

Let D be the mid-point of AC. We know that the mid-point of the hypotenuse of a right triangle is equidistant from the vertices.

CD = BD = 6 cm [ CD = AC]

Also, BC = 6 cm

In BDC, we have, BD = CD = BC

BDC is equilateral

ACB =

A =

Thus, A = and B =

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 6.5

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27 thoughts on “NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 6.5”

1. sir you have done wrong in 2nd question. check it
pqm similar to prm is correct,
so pm/pm = pq/pr
since corresponding sides

it is incorrect.
mqp similar to mpr.
so mp/mr = mq/mp.

3. Nice solutions

6. Sir you are grateful sir

7. it should be congruence not similarity.

8. Great solution

9. majority of the answers have mistakes in between…. so students please look carefully at the answers like in question 15’s answer it is written BE=EC=1/3 BC which is wrong as in an equilateral triangle the perpendicular from any vertex divides the opp. side in equal halves. Website team i hope you improvise.

10. Very nice solutions to very helpful

11. Thank you for helping

12. Thank you

13. Thnx a lot, was not able to solve ques 16

14. Very Good

15. Very nice solution

16. Thanks a lot it is very helpful to me but I think there are some minor mistakes in between the answers.

17. Thanks a lot it is very helpful to me but I think there are some minor mistakes in between the answers.

18. This very help full for me

19. Thank you for clearing my doubts

20. Thanks

21. Thank u sir

22. Thanku

23. Thankyou it is soooooo much helpful for me and for all the 10th class students by this I get all the answers very good and your way to give the answers of all the questions is very nice thank you a lot????????

24. Thanks a lot

25. Thanks a lot Nice solutions

26. This website has very good solutions of NCERT… thanks a lot for help

27. Great solution. Best app