# NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 7.3 ## myCBSEguide App

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NCERT solutions for Maths Coordinate Geometry ## NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Coordinate Geometry

###### 1. Find the area of the triangle whose vertices are:

(i) (2, 3), (–1, 0), (2, –4)

(ii) (–5, –1), (3, –5), (5, 2)

Ans. (i) (2, 3), (–1, 0), (2, –4)

Area of Triangle = = [2 {0 − (−4)} – 1 (−4 − 3) + 2 (3 − 0)]

= [2 (0 + 4) – 1 (−7) + 2 (3)]

= (8 + 7 + 6) = sq. units

(ii) (–5, –1), (3, –5), (5, 2)

Area of Triangle = = [−5 (−5 − 2) + 3 {2 − (−1)} + 5 {−1 − (−5)}]

= [−5 (−7) + 3 (3) + 5 (4)]

= (35 + 9 + 20)

= (64) = 32 sq. units

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 7.3

###### 2. In each of the following find the value of ‘k’, for which the points are collinear.

(i) (7, –2), (5, 1), (3, k)

(ii) (8, 1), (k, –4), (2, –5)

Ans. (i) (7, –2), (5, 1), (3, k)

Since, the given points are collinear, it means the area of triangle formed by them is equal to zero.

Area of Triangle =  [7 (1 − k) + 5 {k − (−2)} + 3 (−2 − 1)]

= (7 − 7k + 5k + 10 − 9) = 0 (7 − 7k + 5k + 1) = 0 (8 − 2k) = 0

⇒ 8 − 2k = 0

⇒ 2k = 8

⇒ k = 4

(ii) (8, 1), (k, –4), (2, –5)

Since, the given points are collinear, it means the area of triangle formed by them is equal to zero.

Area of Triangle =  [8 {−4 − (−5)} + k (−5 − 1) + 2 {1 − (−4)}]

= (8 − 6k + 10) = 0 (18 − 6k) = 0

⇒18 − 6k = 0

⇒ 18 = 6k

⇒ k = 3

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 7.3

###### 3. Find the area of the triangle formed by joining the mid–points of the sides of the triangle whose vertices are (0, –1), (2, 1) and (0, 3). Find the ratio of this area to the area of the given triangle.

Ans. Let A = (0, –1) = , B = (2, 1) = and

C = (0, 3) = Area of △ABC = ⇒ Area of △ABC

= [0 (1 − 3) + 2 {3 − (−1)} + 0 (−1 − 1)] = = 4 sq. units P, Q and R are the mid–points of sides AB, AC and BC respectively.

Applying Section Formula to find the vertices of P, Q and R, we get   Applying same formula, Area of △PQR = [1 (1 − 2) + 0 (2 − 0) + 1 (0 − 1)] =  = 1 sq. units (numerically)

Now, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 7.3

###### 4. Find the area of the quadrilateral whose vertices taken in order are (–4, –2), (–3, –5), (3, –2) and (2, 3).

= Area of Triangle ABD +

Area of Triangle BCD … (1) Using formula to find area of triangle:

Area of ABD

= = [−4 (−5 − 3) – 3 {3 − (−2)} + 2 {−2 − (−5)}]

= (32 – 15 + 6)

= (23) = 11.5 sq units … (2)

Again using formula to find area of triangle:

Area of △BCD = = [−3 (−2 − 3) + 3 {3 − (−5)} + 2 {−5 − (−2)}]

= (15 + 24 − 6)

= (33) = 16.5 sq units … (3)

Putting (2) and (3) in (1), we get

Area of Quadrilateral ABCD = 11.5 + 16.5 = 28 sq units

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 7.3

###### 5. We know that median of a triangle divides it into two triangles of equal areas. Verify this result for △ABC whose vertices are A (4, –6), B (3, –2) and C (5, 2).

Ans. We have △ABC whose vertices are given.

We need to show that ar(△ABD) = ar(△ACD). Let coordinates of point D are (x, y)

Using section formula to find coordinates of D, we get  Therefore, coordinates of point D are (4, 0)

Using formula to find area of triangle:

Area of △ABD = = [4 (−2 − 0) + 3 {0 − (−6)} + 4 {−6 − (−2)}]

= (−8 + 18 −16)

= (−6) = −3 sq units

Area cannot be in negative.

Therefore, we just consider its numerical value.

Therefore, area of △ABD = 3 sq units … (1)

Again using formula to find area of triangle:

Area of △ACD = = [4 (2 − 0) + 5 {0 − (−6)} + 4 {−6 −2 )}]

= (8 + 30 − 32) = ½ (6) = 3 sq units … (2)

From (1) and (2), we get ar(△ABD) = ar(△ACD)

Hence Proved.

## NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 7.3

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### 5 thoughts on “NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Exercise 7.3”

1. good and clear solution

2. EXCELENT SOLUTION

3. Jo bhi to ap 3 vala glat kare ho area glat he

4. Nice solutions. Thank you for helping me.

5. Nice