NCERT Solutions class-10 Maths Exercise 1.3

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NCERT Solutions class-10 Maths Exercise 1.3 Class 10 Maths book solutions are available in PDF format for free download. These ncert book chapter wise questions and answers are very helpful for CBSE board exam. CBSE recommends NCERT books and most of the questions in CBSE exam are asked from NCERT text books. Class 10 Maths chapter wise NCERT solution for Maths Book for all the chapters can be downloaded from our website and myCBSEguide mobile app for free.

NCERT solutions for Class 10 Maths Real Numbers Download as PDF

NCERT Solutions class-10 Maths Exercise 1.3

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Real Numbers

1. Prove that is irrational.

Ans. Let us prove irrational by contradiction.

Let us suppose that is rational. It means that we have co-prime integers a and b (b ≠ 0) such that

b=a

Squaring both sides, we get

(1)

It means that 5 is factor of

Hence, 5 is also factor of a by Theorem. … (2)

If, 5 is factor of a, it means that we can write a = 5c for some integer c.

Substituting value of a in (1),

It means that 5 is factor of .

Hence, 5 is also factor of b by Theorem. … (3)

From (2) and (3), we can say that 5 is factor of both a and b.

But, a and b are co-prime.

Therefore, our assumption was wrong. cannot be rational. Hence, it is irrational.


NCERT Solutions class-10 Maths Exercise 1.3

2. Prove that (3 + 2) is irrational.

Ans. We will prove this by contradiction.

Let us suppose that (3+2) is rational.

It means that we have co-prime integers a and b (b ≠ 0) such that

(1)

a and b are integers.

It means L.H.S of (1) is rational but we know that is irrational. It is not possible. Therefore, our supposition is wrong. (3+2) cannot be rational.

Hence, (3+2) is irrational.


NCERT Solutions class-10 Maths Exercise 1.3

3. Prove that the following are irrationals.

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

Ans. (i) We can prove irrational by contradiction.

Let us suppose that is rational.

It means we have some co-prime integers a and b (b ≠ 0) such that

=ab

(1)

R.H.S of (1) is rational but we know that is irrational.

It is not possible which means our supposition is wrong.

Therefore, cannot be rational.

Hence, it is irrational.

(ii) We can prove irrational by contradiction.

Let us suppose that is rational.

It means we have some co-prime integers a and b (b ≠ 0) such that

(1)

R.H.S of (1) is rational but we know that is irrational.

It is not possible which means our supposition is wrong.

Therefore, cannot be rational.

Hence, it is irrational.

(iii) We will prove irrational by contradiction.

Let us suppose that () is rational.

It means that we have co-prime integers a and b (b ≠ 0) such that

(1)

a and b are integers.

It means L.H.S of (1) is rational but we know that is irrational. It is not possible.

Therefore, our supposition is wrong. () cannot be rational.

Hence, () is irrational.

NCERT Solutions class-10 Maths Exercise 1.3

NCERT Solutions Class 10 Maths PDF (Download) Free from myCBSEguide app and myCBSEguide website. Ncert solution class 10 Maths includes text book solutions from Mathematics Book. NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 10 Maths have total 15 chapters. 10 Maths NCERT Solutions in PDF for free Download on our website. Ncert Maths class 10 solutions PDF and Maths ncert class 10 PDF solutions with latest modifications and as per the latest CBSE syllabus are only available in myCBSEguide.

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