I. Read the passage given below. …



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I. Read the passage given below. Marooned in the South Atlantic Ocean between Argentina and Antarctica, the glaciated peaks and billowing tundra grasses of South Georgia cast a dramatic scene. Though the crescent-shaped island is technically a British Overseas Territory, it’s also claimed by Argentina and is so remote and hard to get to that many people have never even heard of it. There’s no airport, so the only access is by boat from Tierra del Fuego or the Falkland Islands, a journey of at least two days and nights across some of the roughest seas in the world. But South Georgia’s remote location is the island’s secret blessing, because here, well away from humans, nature is flourishing. In fact, South Georgia has such a stunning and surprising array of biodiversity that this near-Antarctic oasis is often referred to as “The Galapagos of the Poles”. Located about 1,000 km east of the Falkland Islands, South Georgia is the largest dot in a spectacularly picturesque but inhospitable archipelago called South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. It’s about 160km from tip to toe and covers an area of about 3,527 sq km. The island was first spotted by sailors in the 17th Century, but it wasn’t until 1775 that Captain James Cook made the first landing. It’s a harsh but magnificent environment, where snow-capped mountains more than 2,000 m tall plunge into deep fjords, and crystal blue glaciers calve into the frigid waters with a thundering rumble. Three-fourths of the island is covered in permanent ice and snow; and with no major land masses nearby for protection, it’s frequently battered by vicious South Atlantic winds. South Georgia has no permanent residents. Around 30 people live here temporarily, made up of scientists at the King Edward Point research base and summer staff who manage the visitor centre and museum for the few tourists willing and able to make the long journey. They come on small cruise ships or yachts, crossing from Ushuaia, Argentina, via the Falkland Islands and then on to Antarctica. But there is no accommodation on the island for visitors, and access is restricted, with landings limited to just 100 people on shore for no more than a few hours at a time. All this makes South Georgia one of the least-visited tourist destinations in the world, with only around 10,000 visitors last year. Remarkably, this inhospitable frozen rock is one of the most biodiverse places on the planet. In 2011, a British Antarctic Survey study identified almost 1,500 different animal species in and around the island – from tinyworms to mammoth blue whales – leading scientists to conclude that South Georgia boasts more biodiversity than the Galapagos Islands. South Georgia’s surprising array of life stems from its proximity to the Antarctic Convergence, a natural boundary where the warmer waters of the Atlantic Ocean meet the colder waters of the Southern Ocean. The resulting nutrient-rich currents create perfect conditions for Antarctic krill, which then attract predators like fish, whales, seals and penguins. (Credit: Bella Falk) Based on your understanding of the passage, answer any eight out of the ten questions by choosing the correct option. Q.1 The writer is stunned by the islands A. Natural beauty b. remoteness c. bio uniformity d. shape Q.2 ‘Collocation’ is two or more words that often go together. The writer says that the island has a surprising array of life Select the word from the options that doesn’t collocates with array A. Formidable b. vast c. bewildering d. down Q.3 Rearrange the following sentences to depict the correct order of thought from paragraph 1 to 4 1. There are no permanent residents on the island 2. The first explorer to land on the island 3. Diversity of life 4. Once an overseas territory of Britain A. 1,2,3,4 B. 4,2,1,3 C. 1,4,3,2 D.4,2,3,1 Q.4 The most likely signboard you would see on reaching the island A. HAPPY STAY B. GOOD NIGHT C. 2 DAYS FREE D. RESEARCH BASE Q.5 Which of the following represents the shape of the island South Georgia? A. B. C. D Q6. Which of the following is a part of South Georgian biodiversity? A. Chimpanzee b. seal c. cobra d. tiger Q7. Select the option that correctly describes South Georgia A. off-lying b. approachable c. snug d. forested Q8. Which option describes the feeling of the narrator? A. Frustrated b. disillusioned c. anxious d. amazed Q9. The South Georgian island has been compared to A. The Poles b.The Archipelago c.The Galapagos d. The Marooned Q10. The number of permanent residents in South Georgia is A. 30 b. around 30 c. 100 d. none of the options
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