What is pulse polio
Posted by Ritu Yadav 6 months ago
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Pulse Polio: This is a mass immunization program to eradicate poliomyelitis from India. This program was launched in 1995-96. This program has been undertaken with active cooperation from government agencies, NGOs, UNICEF, and CDC.
Key Objectives of Pulse Polio:
- Not a single child should be missed.
- High level of surveillance.
- Reporting of any new case within 14 days.
Polio booths are settled throughout the country to cover all the children below 5 years of age. Volunteers are hired to administer the polio vaccine.
OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine): OPV is an attenuated vaccine. It is produced by the passage of the virus through non-human cells at a sub-physiological temperature. This produces spontaneous mutation in the viral genome.
A single vial of OPV usually contains 10-20 doses.
On 27th March 2014, WHO declared India a polio-free nation as no new case was reported in the last 3 years.