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Posted by Akisikth Riesz 3 weeks, 6 days ago
Francis Crick in 1956 proposed the hypothesis of Central Dogma This explains the flow of genetic information in any biological system.
Posted by Alia Das 4 weeks, 1 day ago
AaBbCC will produce 4 types of gametes which are as follows- ABC, AbC, aBC, abC. The number of gametes formed is decided by the number of heterozygous alleles present in the given genotype. 2^n is the formula used to find it out, where n=number of heterozygous alleles present in the genotype. Say for example, in the above genotype Aa & Bb are the 2 heterozygous alleles, so here n=2. Putting the values in the formula , we get 2^2=4. Hence 4 types of gametes are formed.
Posted by Sai Gujar 1 month, 3 weeks ago
Posted by Sakshi Borude 1 month, 3 weeks ago
In molecular cloning, a vector is a DNA molecule used as a vehicle or carrier which carries the desired gene from donor to recipient cell, where it can be replicated and/or expressed. The plasmid is extrachromosomal circular DNA which acts as vector DNA. The plasmid is the most important vector as it possesses multiple cloning sites, an origin of replication and a selectable marker.
Posted by Parag Ingole 2 months ago
Argyrol is a silver sol and is used as an eye lotion. It is manufactured in the chemical industry to pharmaceutical-grade only, using denatured pharmaceutical-grade protein for ophthalmic application and elemental silver, to produce the silver protein molecule.
Also, colloidal antimony (kajal) has been found effective in treating eye diseases.
Posted by Jahnavi Sudhal 2 months ago
In angiosperms, flower is the reproductive organ of the plant. Stamen, the male reproductive part of flower, is made up of anther and filament. Carpel is the female reproductive part and is composed of stigma, style and ovary. The flower may be unisexual that is, it contains either stamens or carpels or bisexual which contains both stamens and carpels. Stamen produces pollen grains that are yellowish in colour. The ovary contains ovules and each ovule has an egg cell. When a pollen grain falls on the stigma of the carpel, it bursts open and grows into a pollen tube downwards through the style towards the female gamete in the ovary. A male gamete moves down the pollen tube and enters the ovule in the ovary. The tip of the pollen tube bursts open and male gamete comes out of the pollen tube which combines with the nucleus of the female gamete present in the ovule to form a fertilised egg called zygote.
The pollen needs to be transferred from the stamen to the stigma. The transfer of pollen grains from the anther of a stamen to the stigma of a carpel is called pollination.
If this transfer of pollen occurs in the same flower, it is referred to as self-pollination but if the pollen is transferred from one flower to another, it is known as cross-pollination. The process of pollination is achieved by agents like wind, water or animals. After the pollen lands on a suitable stigma, it has to reach the female germ-cells which are in the ovary. For this, a tube grows out of the pollen grain and travels through the style to reach the ovary. The fertilised egg divides several times to form an embryo within the ovule which develops a tough coat around it and is gradually converted into a seed. The ovary of the flower develops and becomes a fruit with seeds inside it.
Posted by Pramodh Kandi 2 months ago
Liver is the largest gland and second largest organ of Human Body. It can weigh up to 1.3 to 1.6 Kg for a human adult and is a reddish brown in colour.
Posted by Ratnala Girish 2 months, 2 weeks ago
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