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Posted by Ankush Kumar 3 days, 13 hours ago
Aristotle (384-322 BCE) is known as the father of political science. Aristotle was a Greek philosopher who wrote on a wide range of subjects, including natural science, poetry, ethics and geology. He is called the father of political science largely because of his work entitled Politics.
Posted by Varun Ccc 6 days, 13 hours ago
Three jurisdiction powers of the Supreme Court in India are
(i) Advisory jurisdiction The Supreme Court can advice the President on any question of law or any matter of public importance.
(ii) Appellate jurisdiction The power of Supreme Court to hear and decide appeals against the judgement of lower courts.
(iii) Original jurisdiction The original jurisdiction
extends to all cases between the Government of India and the states of India or between Government of ; India and states on side and one or more states on another side
Posted by P Y 1 week ago
Proposal for making a law on any subject is called a Bill. Bills are of two types — Ordinary Bill and Money Bill. Ordinary Bill is that which is concerned with making of laws on matters other than money matters. The Ordinary Bills are of two types — Government Bill and Private Member’s Bill. A Government Bill is that which is introduced by a minister. A Bill which is introduced by a Member of Parliament other than a minister is a Private Member’s Bill.
Posted by Harman Deep 1 week, 1 day ago
Posted by Ankit Kankerwal 1 week, 1 day ago
Posted by Ayesha Naaz 1 week, 2 days ago
Posted by Rajbinder Raju 1 week, 3 days ago
The Constitution is needed for the following reasons:
1. The Constitution provides a framework within which a government has to work.
2. It controls the misuse of power by the government.
3. It minimises the chances of disputes among the various organs of the Government as it clearly defines their powers and functions.
4. It safeguards the fundamental rights of the citizens.
Posted by Aditya Singh 1 week, 4 days ago
Posted by Gurleen Ginni 1 week, 4 days ago
John Rawls, an important political thinker, has given a theory of justice to achieve a just state. he puts all individuals behind the 'veil of ignorance'. 'veil of ignorance' means that individuals are put in a position where they do not know what is their status, wealth, class, ability , talent etc. so these individuals will choose privileges which will affect them once they come out of veil of ignorance. Rawls said that these individuals are rational and will choose privileges which will help them in developing their fuller personality. so they will first choose liberty. Because if an individual has liberty then he/she will be able to achieve anything by his/her hard work. second they will want is equality of oppurtunity. that means all individuals should get the equal oppurtunity. they should not be discriminated on the basis of their caste, region, gender and religion.
And third, they will demand is difference principle. It means that if any individual, after veil of ignorance, comes out is disabled or unfortunate, then society should help that least advantaged person.
This Rawl's theory of justice where rationality rather than moral thinking can lead us to have a fair and just society.
Posted by Sunny Boy 1 week, 5 days ago
1. The lengthiest Constitution in the world : The Indian Constitution is the lengthiest and the most detailed of all the written Constitutions of the world containing 449 articles in 25 parts, 12 schedules, 5 appendices and 101 Amendments.
2. Parliamentary form of Government : The constitution of India establishes a parliamentary form of a government both at the Centre and the State. The essence of the parliamentary government is its responsibility to the Legislature. The president
is the constitutional head of the State but the real executive power is vested in the council of ministers whose head is the Prime Minister.
3. Unique blend of rigidity and flexibility : It has been the nature of the amending process itself in federations which had led political scientists to classify federal Constitution as rigid.
4. Fundamental Rights : The incorporation of a formal declaration of Fundamental Rights in part III of the Constitution is deemed to be a distinguishing feature of a democratic
State. These rights are prohibitions against the State. The State cannot make a law which takes away or abridges any of the rights of the citizens guaranteed in part III of Constitution.
5. Directive Principles of State policy (DPSP) : The Directive Principles of State Policy contained in Part IV of the Constitution, it set out the aims and objectives to be taken up by the States in the governance of the country.
6. A federation with strong centralising tendency : The most remarkable feature of the Indian Constitution is that being a federal Constitution it acquires a unitary character during the time of emergency. During the proclamation of emergency the normal distribution of powers between Centre and State undergoes a vital change. The union parliament is empower to legislate on any subject mentioned in the state list. The financial arrangements between the Centre and State can also be
altered by the Union Government.
7. Adult Suffrage : The old system of communal electorates has been abolished and the uniform adult suffrage system has been adopted. Under the Indian Constitution every man and women above 18 years of age has been given the right to elect representatives for the legislature.
Posted by Annie Angel 1 week, 6 days ago
Posted by Syed Ahmed 1 week, 6 days ago
Special majority is required for amending the Constitution to make the process of amendment difficult. This is done to ensure that political parties do not pass amendments arbitrarily and any proposed amendment has the support of more than half the number of members of the actual strength of the house and not simply those that are present in the house. Special majority is inclined towards building a broad support among parliamentarians on issues of amendment.
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