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Mayank Sharma 1 day, 20 hours ago


🌈 S. S. 🌈 2 days, 21 hours ago

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Chuingamwon At 1 week, 1 day ago

Himescience us the science of a home and it includes all the things that concern the person,home,family members and resources
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Gaurav Seth 1 week, 5 days ago


Self-concept is an individual’s overall perception of him or herself. It is usually the answer to the question, “Who am I?” Self-esteem on the other hand is an individual’s perception of his or own value, an answer to the question, “How much do I like myself?”


The notion of the existence and perception of self was first explored by philosopher Rene Descartes and modern conceptualizations of the self-concept was heavily influenced by Sigmund Freud. Ideas about self-esteem was first explored by William James with succeeding influence from humanistic ideas led by Carl Rogers

Leading theory

The most famous conceptualization and theory on self-concept is that of Carl Rogers while most influential on self-esteem is Abraham Maslow.


According to Carl Rogers, self-concept is composed of self-image, ideal self, and self-worth. Meanwhile, self-esteem is composed of successes and expectations, according to William James, while Nathaniel Branden theorizes that it is composed of self-efficacy and self-respect.

Influencing factors

Self-concept is influenced by biological and environmental factors including social interactions. Self-esteem is influenced the same and Carl Rogers proposes that it is also influenced by the congruence of the two other factors of self-concept which are self-image and ideal self.

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Gaurav Seth 2 weeks, 1 day ago

Let us begin by trying to understand the title of this subject — ‘Human Ecology and Family Sciences’ (HEFS). The dictionary explains the term ‘ecology’ in two ways. Firstly, it is referred to as a branch of Biology that deals with relations between living organisms and their environment. Secondly, it is stated to be a complex of relationships between an organism and its environment. Borrowing from biology, in our context, the ‘living organism’ is the human being, and hence the term ‘Human’ precedes ‘Ecology’.

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Yogita Ingle 2 weeks, 4 days ago

One's own sense of individuality, personal characteristics, motivations, and actions. What we perceive ourselves to be. Evaluating ourselves in relation to our peers of similar status, similar characteristics, or similar qualities. The self-talk of intrapersonal communication.

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Gaurav Seth 2 weeks, 4 days ago

गृह विज्ञान दो शब्दों से मिलकर बना है-‘गृह’ तथा ‘विज्ञान’। गृह का अर्थ है ‘घर’ और विज्ञान का अर्थ है ‘व्यवस्थित ज्ञान’। इस प्रकार, गृह विज्ञान का अर्थ गृह से सम्बन्धित विभिन्न पहलुओं; जैसे आवास, भोजन, वेशभूषा आदि का व्यवस्थित अध्ययन करना है। सर्वप्रथम गृह विज्ञान; अर्थशास्त्र की शाखा के रूप में अमेरिका में विकसित हुआ। अमेरिकन होम इकोनोमिक्स एसोसिएशन के अनुसार, “गृह-अर्थशास्त्र शिक्षा का विशिष्ट विषय है, जिसके अन्तर्गत आय-व्यय, भोजन की स्वच्छता एवं रुचिपूर्णता, वेशभूषा और आवास आदि के रुचिपूर्ण एवं उपयुक्त चुनाव तथा तैयारी और परिवार एवं अन्य मानव समुदायों द्वारा उनके उपयोग का अध्ययन किया जाता है।” समय के साथ-साथ इस विषय ने अधिक व्यापक रूप धारण कर ( लिया तथा इसमें शरीर विज्ञान, स्वास्थ्य एवं रोगाणु विज्ञान, आहार एवं पोषण तथा पर्यावरण सम्बन्धी महत्त्वपूर्ण विषय भी सम्मिलित किए गए हैं।

जापान में इस विषय को गृह-प्रशासन के नाम से जाना जाता है। गुड जॉनसन के अनुसार, “गृह व्यवस्था सामान्य देशों में अत्यधिक सामान्य व्यवस्था है जिसमें अधिकांश व्यक्ति कार्यरत होते हैं तथा अधिकतर धन का उपयोग किया जाता है और यह व्यक्तियों के स्वास्थ्य की दृष्टि से अत्यन्त महत्त्वपूर्ण है।”

‘गृह विज्ञान’ नामक विषय को कुछ अन्य नामों से भी जाना जाता है; जैसे कि ‘गृह विज्ञान तथा गृह-कला’ (Home Science and Household Art), ‘घरेलू विज्ञान एवं गृह-कला’ (Domestic Science and Home Craft) गृह विज्ञान के विस्तृत विषय-क्षेत्र को ध्यान में रखते हुए इस विषय की एक ब्यवस्थित परिभाषा इन शब्दों में प्रस्तुत की जा सकती है

“गृह विज्ञान वह सामाजिक विज्ञान है जो घर-परिवार से सम्बन्धित समस्त आवश्यकताओं एवं योजनाओं का व्यवस्थित अध्ययन करता है तथा पारिवारिक सुख-सुविधाओं में वृद्धि करने के लिए सैद्धान्तिक एवं व्यावहारिक ज्ञान प्रदान करता है।”

गृह विज्ञान की एक परिभाषा दिल्ली के लेडी इरविन कॉलेज के “गृह विज्ञान संस्थान’ ने इन शब्दों में प्रस्तुत की है, ”गृह विज्ञान वह व्यावहारिक विज्ञान है जो अपने अध्ययनकर्ताओं को सफल पारिवारिक जीवन व्यतीत करने, सामाजिक तथा आर्थिक समस्याओं को हल करने और सुखमय जीवन-यापन करने की दशाओं का ज्ञान कराता है।”

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Royal Thakur 🤟 2 weeks, 4 days ago

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Yogita Ingle 2 weeks, 5 days ago

Different aspects of care and maintenance of fabrics are as follows:

• We have to maintain our fabrics clean and good condition so we have to be washed, dried and ironed regularly for a good appearance.

• we have so many different fabrics those are cotton, Linen, Silk, Polyester, Wool and etc.

• we should wash cotton cloths with care and attention.

• Use a delicate detergent and low spin speed for linen cloths.

• Some wool clothes should be dry cleaned, while others can go for into gentle, quick wash.

• Silk fabrics wash separately because they are quite delicate and dry at low temperatures.

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Meghna Thapar 3 weeks, 5 days ago

<div aria-level="3" role="heading">The basic food groups are:</div> <div>
  • breads, cereals, rice, pasta, noodles and other grains.
  • vegetables and legumes.
  • fruit.
  • milk, yoghurt, cheese and/or alternatives.
  • lean meat, fish, poultry, eggs, nuts and legumes.

Eat a wide variety of whole foods. Although experts don't know the full story yet, they speculate that there are healthful synergistic effects among the many nutrients in a balanced diet. So eat a good mix of unprocessed foods — including whole grains, fruits, and vegetables (including legumes).

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Priyanshi Mishra 3 weeks, 3 days ago

It depends on your interest

Rebecca David 3 weeks, 3 days ago

It depends on which language u r most comfortable with

Naina Bhoj 3 weeks, 4 days ago

I think in hindi
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Priyanshi Mishra 3 weeks, 3 days ago

The science of food and nutrients and their action on health is called nutrition.

Yogita Ingle 3 weeks, 6 days ago

Nutrition is a method in which the food is consumed by the organisms into the body and utilizing the nutrients from the food . Nutrients are energy source for the human body and are listed as fibers, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins, fats water and proteins. Good nutrition includes the right combination of proper proportion of nutrients from a balanced diet.

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Naina Bhoj 3 weeks, 4 days ago

Any other question

Naina Bhoj 3 weeks, 4 days ago

Ans 1 = yes, i know about home science. It's a subject which helps us to inhence our behavier Five concepts 1. It helps us to development 2. It inhencr our environment 3. It makes our life more beautiful 4. It leads us to a healthy life & society 5. It is very imp. for the both boys and girls

Naina Bhoj 3 weeks, 4 days ago

In hindi or english
Google it

Tanisha Rai 4 weeks ago

Ouestion 1 of chapter-1
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Yangzee Sherpa 3 weeks ago

👉Bulimia nervosa👈 HoPe It HeLpS yOu😊👍

Kanchan Dubey 1 month ago

Bulimia nervos

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