Download CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 09 Social Science The French Revolution Chapter-01 The French Revolution: (a)The Ancient Regime and its crises. (b) The social forces that led to the revolution. (c) The different revolutionary groups and ideas of the time. (d) The legacy.
Download CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 09 Social Science Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Chapter-02 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution (a)The crises of Tzarism. (b) The nature of social movements between 1905 and 1917. (c) The First World War and foundation of Soviet state. (d) The legacy.
Download CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 09 Social Science Nazism and the Rise of Hitler Chapter-03 Nazism and the Rise of Hitler (a)The growth of social democracy (b) The crises in Germany. (b) The basis of Hitler's rise to power. (c) The ideology of Nazism. (d) The impact of Nazism.
Download CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 09 Social Science Forest Society and Colonialism (Not for Exams) Chapter-04 Forest Society and Colonialism (a)Relationship between forests and livelihoods. (b) Changes in forest societies under colonialism.
Download CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 09 Social Science Pastoralists in the Modern World (Not for Exams) Chapter-05 Pastoralists in the Modern World (a)Pastoralism as a way of life. (b) Different forms of pastoralism. (c) What happens to pastoralism under colonialism and modern states?
Download CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 09 Social Science India Size and Location Chapter-09 India Size and Location: the major landform features and the underlying geological structure; their association with various rocks and minerals as well as nature of soil types.
Download CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 09 Social Science Physical Features of India Chapter-10 Physical Features of India the various factors influencing the climate and explain the climatic variaton of our country and its impact on the life of the people.
Download CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 09 Social Science Drainage (only Maps) Chapter-11 Drainage: Major rivers and tributaries, lakes and seas, role of rivers in the economy, pollution of rivers, measures to control river pollution.
Download CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 09 Social Science Climate Chapter-12 Climate: Factors influencing the climate; monsoon- its characteristics, rainfall and temperature distribution; seasons; climate and human life.
Download CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 09 Social Science Natural Vegetation and Wild Life Chapter-13 Natural Vegetation and Wild Life: Vegetation types, distribution as well as altitudinal variation, need for conservation and various measures. Major species, their distribution, need for conservation and various measures.
Download CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 09 Social Science Population (Not for Exams) Chapter-14 Population: Size, distribution, a-ge-sex composition, population change-migration as a determinant of population change, literacy, health, occupational structure and national population policy : adolescents as under-served population group with special needs.
Download CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 09 Social Science The Story of Village Palampur Chapter-15 The Story of Village Palampur: Economic transactions of Palampore and its interaction with the rest of the world through which the concept of production (including three factors of production (land, labour and capital) can be introduced.
Download CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 09 Social Science People as Resource Chapter-16 People as Resource: Introduction of how people become resource / asset; economic activities done by men and women; unpaid work done by women; quality of human resource; role of health and education; unemployment as a form of non-utilisation of human resource; sociopolitical implication in simple form.
Download CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 09 Social Science Poverty as a Challenge Chapter-17 Poverty as a Challenge: Who is poor (through two case studies: one rural, one urban); indicators; absolute poverty (not as a concept but through a few simple examples) - why people are poor ; unequal distribution of resources; comparison between countries; steps taken by government for poverty alleviation.
Download CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 09 Social Science Food Security in India (Not for Exams) Chapter-18 Food Security in India: Source of Foodgrains, variety across the nation, famines in the past, the need for self sufficiency, role of government in food security, procurement of foodgrains, overflowing of granaries and people without food, public distribution system, role of cooperatives in food security.
Download CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 09 Social Science What is Democracy Why Democracy Chapter-20 What is Democracy Why Democracy: What are the alternatives to democracy? Is democracy superior to its available alternatives? Must every democracy have the same institutions and values?
Download CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 09 Social Science Constitutional Design Chapter-21 Constitutional Design: How and why did India become a democracy? How was the Indian constitution framed? What are the salient features of the Constitution? How is democracy being constantly designed and redesigned in India?
Download CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 09 Social Science Electoral Politics Chapter-22 Electoral Politics: Why and how do we elect representatives? Why do we have a system of competition among political parties? How has the citizens’ participation in electoral politics changed? What are the ways to ensure free and fair elections?
Download CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 09 Social Science Working of Institutions Chapter-23 Working of Institutions: How is the country governed? What does Parliament do in our democracy? What is the role of the President of India, the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers? How do these relate to one another?
Download CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 09 Social Science Democratic Rights (Not for Exams) Chapter-24 Democratic Rights: Why do we need rights in a constitution? What are the Fundamental Rights enjoyed by the citizen under the Indian constitution? How does the judiciary protect the Fundamental Rights of the citizen? How is the independence of the judiciary ensured?
Here is the list of topics covered under each chapter of class 9 Social Science NCERT text book.
Key Notes for CBSE Board Students for Class 09 Important topics of all subjects are given in these CBSE notes. These notes will provide you overview of the chapter and important points to remember. These are very useful summary notes with neatly explained examples for best revision of the book.
CBSE Class 09 Social Science
Chapter - 1
Economics - People As Resource
Population of a nation can be its asset rather than liability.
'People as resource' refers to a country's working people in terms of their existing productive skills and abilities.
When existing human resource is developed by becoming educated and healthy it turns into human capital.
Human capital is superior to other resources like land and physical capital , as it uses these capitals and adds value to them.
Investment in human capital via education and medical care can give high returns in the future. Country like Japan have invested a lot in human resources. They do not have rich natural resources, but still they are called developed nations.
Human beings perform many activities which can be grouped into economic and non-economic.
Economic Activities: Economic activities refer to those activities of man which are undertaken for a monetary gain or to satisfy his/her wants. The activities of workers, farmers, shopkeepers, manufacturers, doctors, lawyers, taxi drivers, etc. fall under this category.
Market Activities and Non-Market Activities
Economic activities are also called as market activities.
Non market activities are production for self consumption.
Non-Economic Activities: Non-economic activities are ones that are not undertaken for any monetary gain. These are also called unpaid activities, e.g.., Puja-paath, housekeeping, helping the poor or disabled, etc.
three main sectors, that is primary sector, secondary sector and tertiary sector. The primary sector includes activities like agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, fishing, poultry, farming and mining. In this sector, goods are produced by exploiting nature. In the secondary sector, manufacturing (small and large) and construction activities are included. The tertiary sector (also called service sector) provides various types of services like transport, education, banking, insurance, health, tourism, etc.
Quality of Population.
The quality of population depends upon the literacy rate, life expectancy and skills formation acquired by the people of the country.
Role of Education:
Education is the most important component of human resource development. It contributes towards the growth of the society, enhances the national income, cultural richness and increases efficiency of governance.
In view of its contribution towards the growth of the society, government expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP rose from 0.64% in 1951-52 to 3.98% in 2002-03.However, our national goal is 6% of GDP.
Literacy is uneven between males and females. Males are more literate. It also varies with urban and rural area. Urban population is more literate compared to rural.
There were 7.68 lakh schools by 2004-05. But education is diluted by the poor quality of schooling and high drop out rates.
'Sarv Shiksha Abhiyan' is a significant step towards providing elementary education to all children below the age of 14.
Health is another very important component of human resource development. Efficiency of workers largely depends on their health.
There has been considerable improvement in the country’s health standard. For instance, the life expectancy at the time of birth in India rose from 37.2 years in 1951 to 63.9 years in 2001. Similarly, infant mortality rate has come down from 147 to 47 by 2010.
Infant mortality rate is the death of the child under one year of age.
India has built up a vast health infrastructure but still much more is needed to be done.
Unemployment: Unemployment is said to exist when people who are willing to work at the prevailing wage rates cannot find jobs. When we talk of unemployed people, we refer to those in the age group of 15-59 years. Children below 15 years of age and the old people above 60 are not considered while counting the number of unemployed.
Nature of Unemployment in India:
Seasonal unemployment occurs when people fail to get work during some months of the year (that is, during off-season). Farm labourers usually face this kind of problem.
Disguised unemployment is another kind of unemployment found in rural areas. Such kind of problem arises due to excessive pressure of population on agriculture. Disguised unemployment refers to a situation where in the number of workers in a job is more than actually required to do the job. The extra number of workers are disguisedly unemployed.
Increase in unemployment is an indicator of depressed economy.
Consequences of Unemployment:
(i) Unemployment leads to wastage of manpower resource.
(ii) Unemployment tends to increase the economic overload that is dependence of the unemployed on the working population.
(iii) Unemployment may lead to increase in social unrest and tension.
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