From Trade to Territory The Company Establishes Power: (a) Unravel the story of a trading company becoming a political power. (b) Show how the consolidation of British power was linked to the formation of colonial armies and administrative structures.
Ruling the Countryside: (a) Provide a broad view of changes within rural society through a focus on two contrasting regions. (b) Show the continuities and changes with earlier societies. (c) Discuss how growth of new crops often disrupted the rhythms of peasant life and led to revolts.
Women Caste and Reform: (a) Discuss why so many reformers focused on the women’s question, and how they visualised a change in women’s conditions. (b) Outline the history of new laws that affect women’s lives. (c) Illustrate how autobiographies, biographies and other literature can be used to reconstruct the histories of women.
The Changing World of Visual Arts: (a) Outline the major development in the sphere of arts. (b) Discuss how these changes are linked to the emergence of a new public culture. (c) Illustrate how paintings and photographs can be used to understand the cultural history of a period.
The Making of the National Movement 1870 to 1947: (a) Outline the major developments within the national movement and focuses on a detailed study of one major event. (b) Show how contemporary writings and documents can be used to reconstruct the histories of political movements.
India After Independence: (a) Discuss the successes and failures of the Indian democracy in the last fifty years. (b) Illustrate how newspapers and recent writings can be used to understand contemporary history. To know the meaning of resources their variety, location and distribution;
Land Soil Water Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Resources: To understand the importance of resources in our life; To appreciate the judicious use of resources for sustainable development; To develop awareness towards resources conservation and take initiative towards conservation process;
The Indian Constitution and Secularism (The Indian Constitution and Understanding Secularism): Vision set forth in the Indian Constitution with a focus on secularism. On how an ideal of the Constitution translates into a law. On how ideals of secularism got translated into fundamental rights. On Fundamental rights as human rights. On Fundamental Duties.
Parliament and The Making of Laws (Why do we need a Parliament? and Understanding Laws): understand why India chose a parliamentary form of govt, gain a sense\rationale of the essential elements of the parliamentary form of government, analyse the role of people’s agency in placing demands for legislation,
Social Justice and The Marginalised (Understanding Marginalisation and Confronting Marginalisation): understand what is meant by marginalised, gain a critical understanding of social and economic injustices, develop skills to analyse an argument from the margianlised point of view.