CBSE - Class 12 - Philosophy

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Download CBSE class 12 Philosophy study material in PDF format. MyCBSEguide provides solved papers, board question papers, revision notes and NCERT solutions for CBSE class 12 Philosophy. The topics included are Ethics (Moral Philosophy) Western Ethical Theories, Divine Command theory, Aristotle's Virtue Ethics, Immanuel Kant's Deontology, J.S. Mill's Utilitarianism, Indian Ethics, The concept of Rta; the concept and kinds of Dharma Samanyadharma, Apaddharma, Varnasramadharma, Purusarthas: Dharma, Artha, Kama, Moksa, The Bhagavadgita on Svadharma, Niskama-Karma, Lokasamgraha, Buddhist view on Pancasila, Eightfold Path (Astanga-Marga), Brahmavihara, Bodhisattva's vows, Jaina view on Panca-Mahavrata, Mahatma Gandhi and Vivekananda on religious tolerance, Ethical Concerns, Gender Equality, Ambedkar's critique of caste and untouchability, Theories of punishment, issue of capital punishment, Human Rights, Environmental degradation, heory of Reality (Metaphysics), Proofs for the existence of God: ontological, cosmological, and design arguments; Problem of Evil, Descartes on mind-body dualism, Nyaya proofs for the existence of God, The Bhagavadgita on the immortality of soul and rebirth, aina view on Anekantavada, Syadvada.

Unit 1: Ethics (Moral Philosophy) (70 Marks)

A. Western Ethical Theories (25 Marks)

(i) Divine Command theory

(ii) Aristotle's Virtue Ethics

(iii) Immanuel Kant's Deontology

(iv) J.S. Mill's Utilitarianism

B. Indian Ethics (25 Marks)

(v) The concept of Rta; the concept and kinds of Dharma: Samanyadharma, Apaddharma, Varnasramadharma

(vi) Purusarthas: Dharma, Artha, Kama, Moksa

(vii) The Bhagavadgita on Svadharma, Niskama-Karma, Lokasamgraha

(viii) Buddhist view on Pancasila, Eightfold Path (Astanga-Marga), Brahmavihara, Bodhisattva's vows

(ix) Jaina view on Panca-Mahavrata

(x) Mahatma Gandhi and Vivekananda on religious tolerance

C. Ethical Concerns (20 Marks)

(xi) Gender Equality

(xii) Ambedkar's critique of caste and untouchability

(xiii) Theories of punishment, issue of capital punishment

(xiv) Human Rights

(xv) Environmental degradation

Unit 2: Theory of Reality (Metaphysics) (30 Marks)

(xvi) Proofs for the existence of God: ontological, cosmological, and design arguments; Problem of Evil (20 Pds)

(xvii) Descartes on mind-body dualism

(xviii) Nyaya proofs for the existence of God

(xix) The Bhagavadgita on the immortality of soul and rebirth

(xx) Jaina view on Anekantavada, Syadvada

References:

Smith and Titus, Living Issues in Philosophy, Oxford University Press, 9th Edition, 1994

William Lillie, An Introduction to Ethics, Barnes & Noble, 3rd Edition, 1961

Duncan Richter, Why be Good: A Historical Introduction to Ethics, Oxford University Press, 2008

Peter Singer, Practical Ethics, Cambridge University Press, 3rd Edition, 2011

I.C. Sharma, Ethical Philosophies in India, Allen and Unwin, 1965

Y.V. Satyanarayana, Ethics Theory and Practice, Pearson, 201

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