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शारीरिक शिक्षा

शारीरिक शिक्षा कक्षा 12 के लिए अध्ययन सामग्री। कक्षा 12 में शामिल विषय हैं 1. खेलों में योजना, 2. खेल व पोषण, 3. योगा और जीवन शैली, 4. शारीरिक शिक्षा और खेल विभिन्न अक्षमताओं व विकारों के संदर्भ में, 5. बच्चे तथा खेल, 6. महिलाएँ और खेल, 7. खेलों में परीक्षण तथा मापन, 8. शरीर क्रिया विज्ञान एवं खेल, 9. खेल चिकित्सा, 10. माँसपेशिय गतिविज्ञान, जीव यान्त्रिकी एवं खेलकूद, 11. मनोविज्ञान और खेल, 12. खेलों में प्रशिक्षण



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Download CBSE class 12 Physical Education study material in PDF format. MyCBSEguide provides solved papers, board question papers, revision notes and NCERT solutions for CBSE class 12 Physical Education. The topics included are Planning in Sports, Adventure Sports and Leadership Training, Sports and Nutrition, Postures, Children and Sports, Women and Sports, Test and Measurement in Sports, Physiology and Sports, Sports Medicine, Biomechanics and Sports, Psychology and Sports, Training in Sports, Practical

Unit I Planning in Sports

  • Meaning & Objectives of Planning
  • Various Committees & Its Responsibilities
  • Tournament – Knock-Out, League or Round Robin & Combination
  • Procedure to Draw Fixtures – Knock-Out (Bye & Seeding) & League (Staircase & Cyclic)
  • Intramural & Extramural – Meaning, Objectives & Its Significance
  • Specific Sports Programme (Sports Day, Health Run, Run For Fun, Run For Specific Cause & Run For Unity)

Unit II Adventure Sports & Leadership Training

  • Meaning & objectives of Adventure Sports
  • Types of activities – Camping, Rock Climbing, Tracking, River Rafting & Mountaineering
  • Material requirement & safety measures
  • Identification & use of Natural Resources
  • Conservation of surroundings
  • Creating Leaders Through Physical Education

Unit III Sports & Nutrition

  • Balanced Diet & Nutrition: Macro & Micro Nutrients
  • Nutritive & Non-Nutritive Components of Diet
  • Eating Disorders – Anorexia Nervosa & Bulemia
  • Effects of Diet On Performance
  • Eating For Weight Control – A Healthy Weight, The Pitfalls Of Dieting, Food Intolerance & Food Myths
  • Sports nutrition (fluid & meal intake, pre, during & post competition)

Unit IV Postures

  • Concept of Correct Postures - Standing and Sitting
  • Advantages of Correct Posture
  • Causes of bad posture
  • Common Postural Deformities - Knock Knee; Flat Foot; Round Shoulders; Lordosis, Kyphosis, Bow Legs and Scolioses
  • Physical Activities as Corrective Measures

Unit V Children & Sports

  • Motor development in children
  • Factors affecting motor development
  • Physical & Physiological benefits of exercise on children
  • Advantages & disadvantages of weight training & food supplement for children
  • Activities & quality of life.

Unit VI Women & Sports

  • Sports participation of women in India
  • Special consideration (Menarch, Menstural Disfunction, Pregnancy, Menopause)
  • Female Athletes Triad (Anemia, Oestoperosis & Amenoria)
  • Psychological aspects of women athlete
  • Sociological aspects of sports participation
  • Ideology

Unit VII Test & Measurement in Sports

  • Measurement of Muscular Strength – Kraus Weber Test
  • Motor Fitness Test – AAPHER
  • Measurement of Cardio Vascular Fitness – Harvard Step Test/Rockport Test
  • Measurement of Flexibility – Sit & Reach Test
  • Rikli & Jones - Senior Citizen Fitness Test

1. Chair Stand Test for lower body strength
2. Arm Curl Test for upper body strength
3. Chair Sit & Reach Test for lower body flexibility
4. Back Scratch Test for upper body flexibility
5. Eight Foot Up & Go Test for agility
6. Six Minute Walk Test for Aerobic Endurance

Unit VIII Physiology & Sports

  • Gender differences in physical & physiological parameters.
  • Physiological factor determining component of Physical Fitness
  • Effect of exercise on Cardio Vascular System
  • Effect of exercise on Respiratory System
  • Effect of exercise on Muscular System
  • Physiological changes due to ageing
  • Role of physical activity maintaining functional fitness in aged population

Unit IX Sports Medicine

  • Concept & definition
  • Aims & scope of sports medicine
  • Impact of surfaces & environment on athletes
  • Sports injuries: Classification, Causes & Prevention
  • Management of Injuries:

Soft Tissue Injuries: (Abrasion, Contusion, Laceration, Incision, Sprain & Strain)

Bone & Joint Injuries: (Dislocation, Fractures: Stress Fracture, Green Stick, Communated, Transverse Oblique & Impacted)

Unit X Biomechanics & Sports

  • Projectile & factors affecting Projectile Trajectory
  • Angular & Linear Movements
  • Introduction to Work, Power & Energy
  • Friction
  • Mechanical Analysis of Walking & Running

Unit XI Psychology & Sports

  • Understanding stress, anxiety & its management
  • Coping Strategies
  • Personality, its dimensions & types; Role of sports in personality development
  • Motivation, its type & technique
  • Self-esteem & Body Image
  • Psychological benefits of exercise

Unit XII Training in Sports

  • Strength – Definition, types & methods of improving Strength – Isometric, Isotonic & Isokinetic
  • Endurance - Definition, types & methods to develop Endurance – Continuous Training, Interval Training & Fartlek Training
  • Speed – Definition, types & methods to develop Speed – Acceleration Run & Pace Run
  • Flexibility – Definition, types & methods to improve flexibility
  • Coordinative Abilities – Definition & types

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