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UK Board Class 12 Physics Syllabus

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UK Board Class 12 Physics Syllabus in PDF format for free download. Physics syllabus for Class 12 UK Board is now available in the myCBSEguide app. The curriculum for Uttarakhand Board exams is designed by UBSE, Uttarakhand as per NCERT textbooks for the session.

UK Board Class 12 Physics Syllabus Download as PDF

UK Board Class 12 Physics Syllabus

UK Board Syllabus Class 12

UK Board Class 12 Physics Chapter list in (Hindi)

भौतिकी (भाग 1 तथा भाग 2)

  1. वैधुत आवेश तथा क्षेत्र
  2. स्थिर वैधुत विभव तथा धारिता
  3. विधुत धारा
  4. गतिमान आवेश और चुंबकत्व
  5. चुंबकत्व एवं द्रव्य
  6. वैधुतचुंबकीय प्रेरण
  7. प्रत्यावर्ती धारा
  8. वैधुतचुंबकीय तरंगे
  9. किरण प्रकाशिकी एवं प्रकाशिक यंत्र
  10. तरंग – प्रकाशिकी
  11. विकिरण तथा द्रव्य की द्वैत प्रकृति
  12. परमाणु
  13. नाभिक
  14. अर्धचालक – पदार्थ, युक्तियाँ तथा सरल परिपथ
  15. संचार व्यवस्था

Uttarakhand Board Class 12 Physics Chapter list in (English)

  1. Electric Charges and Fields
  2. Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
  3. Current Electricity
  4. Moving Charges and Magnetism
  5. Magnetism and Matter
  6. Electromagnetic Induction
  7. Alternating Current
  8. Electromagnetic Waves
  9. Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
  10. Wave Optics
  11. Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
  12. Atoms
  13. Nuclei
  14. Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices, and Simple Circuits
  15. Communication System

UK Board Class 12 Physics Syllabus

Senior Secondary stage of school education is a stage of transition from general education to discipline-based focus on curriculum. The presently updated syllabus keeps in view the rigor and depth of disciplinary approach as well as the comprehension level of learners. Due care has also been taken that the syllabus is comparable to the international standards. Salient features of the syllabus include:

  • Emphasis on basic conceptual understanding of the content.
  • Emphasis on the use of SI units, symbols, nomenclature of physical quantities and formulations as per international standards.
  • Providing logical sequencing of units of the subject matter and proper placement of concepts with their linkage for better learning.
  • Reducing the curriculum load by eliminating overlapping of concepts/content within the discipline and other disciplines.
  • Promotion of process-skills, problem-solving abilities, and applications of Physics concepts.

Besides, the syllabus also attempts to

  • strengthen the concepts developed at the second stage to provide the firm foundation for further learning in the subject.
  • expose the learners to different processes used in Physics-related industrial and technological applications.
  • develop process-skills and experimental, observational, manipulative, decision making and investigatory skills in the learners.
  • promote problem-solving abilities and creative thinking in learners.
  • develop conceptual competence in the learners and make them realize and appreciate the interface of Physics with other disciples

UK Board Class 12 Physics Syllabus

Time: 3 hrs. Max Marks: 70

No. of PeriodsMarks
Chapter–1: Electric Charges and Fields
Chapter–2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
Unit-IICurrent Electricity20
Chapter–3: Current Electricity
Unit-IIIMagnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism2216
Chapter–4: Moving Charges and Magnetism
Chapter–5: Magnetism and Matter
Unit-IVElectromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents20
Chapter–6: Electromagnetic Induction
Chapter–7: Alternating Current
Unit–VElectromagnetic Waves0417
Chapter–8: Electromagnetic Waves
Chapter–9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
Chapter–10: Wave Optics
Unit–VIIDual Nature of Radiation and Matter0810
Chapter–11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
Unit–VIIIAtoms and Nuclei14
Chapter–12: Atoms
Chapter–13: Nuclei
Unit–IXElectronic Devices1512
Chapter–14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials,
Devices and Simple Circuits
Unit–XCommunication Systems10
Chapter–15: Communication Systems

Unit I: Electrostatics 22 Periods

Chapter–1: Electric Charges and Fields

Electric Charges; Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges,
forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
The electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric
field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in the uniform electric field.
Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely
long straight wire uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical
shell (field inside and outside).

Chapter–2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of an electric dipole in an electrostatic field.
Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarisation, capacitors and capacitance, the combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor.

Unit II: Current Electricity 20 Periods

Chapter–3: Current Electricity

Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity, Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance.
The internal resistance of a cell, potential difference, and emf of a cell, the combination of cells in
series and in parallel, Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications, Wheatstone bridge, meter bridge. Potentiometer – principle and its applications to measure potential difference and for
comparing EMF of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell.

Unit III: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism 22 Periods

Chapter–4: Moving Charges and Magnetism

The concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment.
Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.
Ampere’s law and its applications to an infinitely long straight wire. Straight and toroidal solenoids (only qualitative treatment), the force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields, Cyclotron.
Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field, the force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of an ampere, torque experienced by a current loop in the uniform magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

Chapter–5: Magnetism and Matter

Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment, magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron, magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis, torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform
magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
Para-, dia- and ferromagnetic substances, with examples. Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths, permanent magnets.

Unit IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents 20 Periods

Chapter–6: Electromagnetic Induction

Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s laws, induced EMF and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual induction.

Chapter–7: Alternating Current

Alternating currents, peak and the RMS value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and
impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, power factor, wattless current. AC generator and transformer.
Unit V: Electromagnetic waves 04 Periods

Chapter–8: Electromagnetic Waves

The basic idea of displacement current, Electromagnetic waves, their characteristics, their Transverse nature (qualitative ideas only).
Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.

Unit VI: Optics 25 Periods

Chapter–9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

Ray Optics: Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula, refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications, optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens-maker’s formula, magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact, refraction and dispersion of light through a prism.
Scattering of the light – blue color of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset.
Optical instruments: Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.

Chapter–10: Wave Optics

Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygen’s principle, reflection, and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wave fronts. Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle. Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light, diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum, resolving power of microscope and astronomical telescope, polarisation, plane polarised light, Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarised light and Polaroids.

Unit VII: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter 08 Periods

Chapter–11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

Dual nature of radiation, Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation-particle nature of light.
Matter waves-wave nature of particles, de-Broglie relation, Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted; the only conclusion should be explained).

Unit VIII: Atoms and Nuclei 14 Periods

Chapter–12: Atoms

Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels,
hydrogen spectrum.

Chapter–13: Nuclei

Composition and size of the nucleus, Radioactivity, alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law.
Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear fission, nuclear fusion.

Unit IX: Electronic Devices 15 Periods

Chapter–14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits

Energy bands in conductors, semiconductors and insulators (qualitative ideas only) Semiconductor diode – I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier;
Special purpose p-n junction diodes: LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode and their characteristics, zener diode as a voltage regulator.
Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor and transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration), the basic idea of analog and digital signals, Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR).

Unit X: Communication Systems 10 Periods

Chapter–15: Communication Systems

Elements of a communication system (block diagram only); bandwidth of signals (speech, TV and digital data); bandwidth of transmission medium. Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere, sky, and space wave propagation, satellite communication. Need for modulation, amplitude modulation.

PRACTICALS (Total Periods 60)

The record to be submitted by the students at the time of their annual examination has to include:

  • Record of at least 15 Experiments [with a minimum of 6 from each section], to be performed by the students.
  • Record of at least 5 Activities [with a minimum of 2 each from section A and section B], to be demonstrated by the teachers.
  • The Report of the project to be carried out by the students.

Evaluation Scheme

Time Allowed: Three hours Max. Marks: 30

Two experiments one from each section8+8 Marks
Practical record [experiments and acti.vities]6 Marks
Investigatory Project3 Marks
Viva on experiments, activities, and project5 Marks
Total30 marks



  1. determine resistance per cm of a given wire by plotting a graph for potential difference versus current.
  2. To find the resistance of a given wire using meter bridge and hence determine the resistivity (specific resistance) of its material.
  3. Verify the laws of combination (series) of resistances using a meter bridge.
  4. Verify the laws of combination (parallel) of resistances using a meter bridge.
  5. Compare the EMF of two given primary cells using a potentiometer.
  6. Determine the internal resistance of given primary cell using a potentiometer.
  7. Determine the resistance of a galvanometer by a half-deflection method and to find its figure of merit.
  8. Convert the given galvanometer (of known resistance and figure of merit) into a voltmeter of the desired range and to verify the same.
  9. Convert the given galvanometer (of known resistance and figure of merit) into an ammeter of the desired range and to verify the same.
  10. Find the frequency of AC mains with a sonometer.

Activities For UK Board Class 12 Physics Syllabus
(For the purpose of demonstration only)


  1. Measure the resistance and impedance of an inductor with or without an iron core.
  2. Measure resistance, voltage (AC/DC), current (AC) and check the continuity of a given circuit using the multimeter.
  3. Assemble a household circuit comprising three bulbs, three (on/off) switches, a fuse, and a power source.
  4. Assemble the components of a given electrical circuit.
  5. Study the variation in the potential drop with the length of a wire for a steady current.
  6. Draw the diagram of a given open circuit comprising at least a battery, resistor/rheostat, key, ammeter, and voltmeter. Mark the components that are not connected in proper order and correct the circuit and also the circuit diagram.


Experiments To:

  1. To find the value of v for different values of u in case of a concave mirror and to find the focal length.
  2. Find the focal length of a convex mirror, using a convex lens.
  3. To find the focal length of a convex lens by plotting graphs between u and v or between 1/u and1/v.
  4. Find the focal length of a concave lens, using a convex lens.
  5. To determine the angle of minimum deviation for a given prism by plotting a graph between the angle of incidence and angle of deviation.
  6. Determine the refractive index of a glass slab using a traveling microscope.
  7. Find refractive index of a liquid by using the convex lens and plane mirror.
  8. Draw the I-V characteristic curve for a p-n junction in forwarding bias and reverse bias.
  9. To draw the characteristic curve of a zener diode and to determine its reverse break down voltage.
  10. To study the characteristic of a common – emitter NPN or PNP transistor and to find out the values of current and voltage gains.

(For the purpose of demonstration only)


  1. Identify a diode, an LED, a transistor, an IC, a resistor and a capacitor from a mixed collection of such items.
  2. Use of multimeter to (i) identify base of transistor, (ii) distinguish between NPN and PNP type transistors, (iii) see the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED, (iv) check whether a given electronic component (e.g., diode, transistor or IC) is in working order.
  3. Study effect of intensity of light (by varying distance of the source) on an LDR.
  4. Observe refraction and lateral deviation of a beam of light incident obliquely on a glass slab.
  5. Observe polarization of light using two Polaroids.
  6. To observe diffraction of light due to a thin slit.
  7. Study the nature and size of the image formed by a (i) convex lens, (ii) concave mirror, on a screen by using a candle and a screen (for different distances of the candle from the lens/mirror).
  8. Obtain a lens combination with the specified focal length by using two lenses from the given set of lenses.

Suggested Investigatory Projects To:

UK Board Class 12 Physics Syllabus

  1. Study various factors on which the internal resistance/EMF of a cell depends.
  2. Study the variations in current flowing in a circuit containing an LDR because of a variation in
    1. the power of the incandescent lamp, used to ‘illuminate’ the LDR (keeping all the lamps at a fixed distance).
    2. the distance of an incandescent lamp (of fixed power) used to ‘illuminate’ the LDR.
  3. Find the refractive indices of (a) water (b) oil (transparent) using a plane mirror, an equi convex lens (made from a glass of known refractive index) and an adjustable object needle.
  4. Design an appropriate logic gate combination for a given truth table.
  5. Investigate the relationship between the ratio of (i) output and input voltage and (ii) number of turns in the secondary coil and primary coil of a self-designed transformer.
  6. Investigate the dependence of the angle of deviation on the angle of incidence using a hollow prism filled one by one, with different transparent fluids.
  7. Estimate the charge induced on each one of the two identical styrofoam (or pith) balls suspended in a vertical plane by making use of Coulomb’s law.
  8. Set up a common base transistor circuit and to study its input and output characteristic and to calculate its current gain.
  9. Study the factor on which the self-inductance of a coil depends by observing the effect of this coil when put in series with a resistor/(bulb) in a circuit fed up by an A.C. source of adjustable frequency.
  10. Construct a switch using a transistor and to draw the graph between the input and output voltage and mark the cut-off, saturation, and active regions.
  11. Study the earth’s magnetic field using a tangent galvanometer.

Practical Examination for Visually Impaired Students of Classes XI and XII
Evaluation Scheme

Time Allowed: Two hours Max. Marks: 30

Identification/Familiarity with the apparatus5 marks
Written test (based on given/prescribed practicals)10 marks
Practical Record5 marks
Viva10 marks
Total30 marks

General Guidelines For UK Board Class 12 Physics Syllabus

  • The practical examination will be of two-hour duration.
  • A separate list of ten experiments is included here.
  • The written examination in practicals for these students will be conducted at the time of practical examination of all other students.
  • The written test will be of 30 minutes duration.
  • The question paper given to the students should be legibly typed. It should contain a total of 15 practical skill based very short answer type questions. A student would be required to answer any 10 questions.
  • A writer may be allowed to such students as per CBSE examination rules.
  • All questions included in the question papers should be related to the listed practicals. Every question should require about two minutes to be answered.
  • These students are also required to maintain a practical file. A student is expected to record at least five of the listed experiments as per the specific instructions for each subject. These practicals should be duly checked and signed by the internal examiner.
  • The format of writing any experiment in the practical file should include aim, apparatus required, simple theory, procedure, related practical skills, precautions etc.
  • Questions may be generated jointly by the external/internal examiners and used for assessment.
  • The viva questions may include questions based on basic theory/ principle/concept, apparatus/ materials/chemicals required, procedure, precautions, sources of error etc.
  1. Items for Identification/ familiarity with the apparatus for assessment in practicals (All experiments)
    Meter scale, general shape of the voltmeter/ammeter, battery/power supply, connecting wires, standard resistances, connecting wires, voltmeter/ammeter, meter bridge, screw gauge, jockey Galvanometer, Resistance Box, standard Resistance, connecting wires, Potentiometer, jockey, Galvanometer, Lechlanche cell, Daniell cell [simple distinction between the two vis-à-vis their outer (glass and copper) containers], rheostat connecting wires, Galvanometer, resistance box, Plug-in and tapping keys, connecting wires battery/power supply, Diode, Transistor, IC, Resistor (Wire-wound or carbon ones with two wires connected to two ends), capacitors (one or two types), Inductors, Simple electric/electronic bell, battery/power supply, Plug-in and tapping keys, Convex lens, concave lens, convex mirror, concave mirror, Core/hollow wooden cylinder, insulated wire, ferromagnetic rod, Transformer core, insulated wire.

List of Practicals To:

  1. Determine the resistance per cm of a given wire by plotting a graph between voltage and current.
  2. Verify the laws of combination (series/parallel combination) of resistances by Ohm’s law.
  3. Find the resistance of a given wire using a meter bridge and hence determine the specific resistance (resistivity) of its material.
  4. Compare the e.m.f of two given primary cells using a potentiometer.
  5. Determine the resistance of a galvanometer by half deflection method.
  6. Identify a
    1. diode, transistor, and IC
    2. resistor, capacitor, an inductor, from a mixed collection of such items.
  7. Understand the principle of (i) a NOT gate (ii) an OR gate (iii)an AND gate and to make their equivalent circuits using a bell and cells/battery and keys /switches.
  8. Observe the difference between
    1. a convex lens and a concave lens
    2. a convex mirror and a concave mirror and to estimate the likely difference between the power of two given convex /concave lenses.
  9. Design an inductor coil and to know the effect of
    1. change in the number of turns
    2. introduction of ferromagnetic material as its core material on the inductance of the coil.
  10. Design a(i) step up (ii) step down transformer on a given core and know the relation between its input and output voltages.

Prescribed Books For UK Board Class 12 Physics Syllabus

  1. Physics, Class XI, Part -I and II, Published by NCERT.
  2. Physics, Class XII, Part -I and II, Published by NCERT.
  3. Laboratory Manual of Physics for class XII Published by NCERT.
  4. The list of other related books and manuals brought out by NCERT (consider multimedia also).

QUESTION WISE BREAK UP For UK Board Class 12 Physics Syllabus

Type of QuestionMark per QuestionTotal No. of QuestionsTotal Marks
  1. Internal Choice: There is no overall choice in the paper. However, there is an internal choice in one question of 2 marks weightage, one question of 3 marks weightage and all the three questions of 5 marks weightage.
  2. The above template is only a sample. Suitable internal variations may be made for generating similar templates keeping the overall weightage to the different form of questions and typology of questions same
For study material on UK Board Class, 12 Physics Syllabus download a myCBSEguide app.UK Board Class 12 Physics Syllabus is also available on the myCBSEguide website. UK Board Class 12 Physics Syllabus for the session 2018-19 is available here in PDF format. For the latest UK Board Class 12 Physics Syllabus, please visit UBSE official website.
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