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## CBSE Guide Real Numbers class 10 Notes

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## 10 Mathematics notes Chapter 1 Real Numbers

Download CBSE class 10th revision notes for chapter 1 Real Numbers in PDF format for free. Download revision notes for Real Numbers class 10 Notes and score high in exams. These are the Real Numbers class 10 Notes prepared by team of expert teachers. The revision notes help you revise the whole chapter in minutes. Revising notes in exam days is on of the the best tips recommended by teachers during exam days.

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**CBSE Class–10 Mathematics Revision Notes CHAPTER 01 REAL NUMBERS **

**Natural numbers**: Counting numbers are called Natural numbers. These numbers are denoted by N = {1, 2, 3, ………}**Whole numbers**: The collection of natural numbers along with 0 is the collection of Whole number and is denoted by W.**Integers**: The collection of natural numbers, their negatives along with the number zero are called Integers. This collection is denoted by Z.**Rational number**: The numbers, which are obtained by dividing two integers, are called Rational numbers.**Division by zero is not defined**.**Coprime**: If HCF of two numbers is 1, then the two numbers area called relatively prime or coprime.

1. **Euclid’s division lemma :**

For given positive integers ‘a’ and ‘b’ there exist unique whole numbers ‘q’ and ‘r’ satisfying the relation

.Theorem: If

and are non-zero integers, the least positive integer which is expressible as a linear combination of and is the HCF of and , i.e., if is the HCF of and , then these exist integers and , such that and is the smallest positive integer which is expressible in this form.The HCF of

and is denoted by HCF .2. **Euclid’s division algorithms :**

HCF of any two positive integers a and b. With a > b is obtained as follows:

**Step 1** : Apply Euclid’s division lemma to a and b to find q and r such that

b = Divisor

q = Quotient

r = Remainder

**Step II**: If r = 0, HCF (a,b)=b if , apply Euclid’s lemma to b and r.

**Step III:** Continue the process till the remainder is zero. The divisor at this stage will be the required HCF.

3. **The Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic :**

Every composite number can be expressed (factorized) as a product of primes and this factorization is unique, apart from the order in which the prime factors occur.

4. Let

to be a rational number, such that the prime factorization of ‘q’ is of the form 2m+5n, where m, n are non-negative integers. Then x has a decimal expansion which is terminating.5. Let

be a rational number, such that the prime factorization of q is not of the form 2m+5n, where m, n are non-negative integers. Then x has a decimal expansion which is non-terminating repeating.6.

is irrational, which p is a prime. A number is called irrational if it cannot be written in the form where p and q are integers and8. If a and b are two positive integers, then HCF(a, b) x LCM(a, b) = a x b

i.e., (HCF x LCM) of two intergers = Product of intergers.

9. A rational number which when expressed in the lowest term has factors 2 or 5 in the denominator can be written as terminating decimal otherwise a non-terminating recurring decimal. In other words, if the rational number

is, such that the prime factorization of b is of form where m and n are natural numbers, then has a terminating decimal expansion.10. We conclude that every rational number can be represented in the form of terminating or non-terminating recurring decimal.

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