NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Geography Agriculture

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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Geography Agriculture Chapter 4 are available in PDF format for free download. These ncert book chapter wise questions and answers are very helpful for CBSE exam. CBSE recommends NCERT books and most of the questions in CBSE exam are asked from NCERT textbooks. Class 8 Social Science chapter wise NCERT solution for Social Science part 1 part 2 and Part 3  for all the chapters can be downloaded from our website and myCBSEguide mobile app for free.

NCERT Solutions for Geography Agriculture Download as PDF

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Geography Agriculture

NCERT Class 8 Social Science Chapter Wise Solutions


  1. How When and Where
  2. From Trade to Territory
  3. Ruling the Countryside
  4. Tribals Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age
  5. When the People Rebel
  6. Colonialism and the City
  7. Weavers Iron smelters and Factory owners
  8. Civilising the Native Educating the Nation
  9. Women Caste and Reform
  10. The Changing World of Visual Arts
  11. The Making of the National Movement 1870s 1947
  12. India After Independence

Political Science

  1. The Indian Constitution
  2. Understanding Secularism
  3. Why do we Need a Parliament
  4. Understanding Laws
  5. Judiciary
  6. Understanding Our Criminal Justice
  7. Understanding Marginalisation
  8. Confronting Marginalisation
  9. Public Facilities
  10. Law and Social Justice


  1. Resources
  2. Land Soil Water Natural Vegetation and Wild Life Resources
  3. Mineral and Power Resources
  4. Agriculture
  5. Industries
  6. Human Resources

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Geography Agriculture

1. Answer the following questions.

(i) What is agriculture?

Ans: The word Agriculture has been derived from a Latin word, meaning soil cultivation. It is a primary activity which includes growing of crops, fruits, vegetables, flowers and rearing of livestock. It is also known as farming.

(ii) Name the factors influencing agriculture?

Ans: Favourable Topography of the Soil and Climate are the various factors influencing agriculture.

(iii) What is shifting cultivation? What are its disadvantages?

Ans: Shifting cultivation or slash-and-burn cultivation is a type of farming activity which involves clearing a plot of land by felling trees, burning the felled trees, mixing the ashes with soil, and then growing crops like maize, yam, potatoes and cassava on the cleared land. After the soil loses its fertility, the land is abandoned and the cultivator moves on to a new plot.
This type of farming has the following disadvantages.

  1. Deforestation
  2. After some time the land loses its fertility.
  3. Soil erosion.
  4. Small patches of cultivation which is insufficient for feeding a large population.

(iv) What is plantation agriculture?

Ans: Plantation agriculture is a type of commercial farming where a single crop of tea, coffee, sugarcane, cashew, rubber, banana or cotton is grown. Large amount of labour and capital is required in this type of farming. The produce is either processed on the farm itself or in nearby factories. Major plantations are found in the tropical regions of the world, like rubber in Malaysia, coffee in Brazil, tea in India and Sri Lanka, etc.

(v) Name the fibre crops and name the climatic conditions required for their growth.

Ans: Jute & cotton are known as fibre crops. The climatic conditions required for their growth are:

  1. Jute (Golden Fibre): High temperature more than 25°C, heavy rainfall, warm and humid climate.
  2. Cotton: High temperature around 30 – 40°C, low rainfall and most importantly 210 frost-free days and bright sunshine. Means lot of cloud-free sunny days is essential for cotton growing.

2. Tick the correct answer.

(i) Horticulture means
(a) growing of fruits and vegetables
(b) primitive farming
(c) growing of wheat

Ans: (a) Growing of fruits and vegetables

(ii) Golden fibre refers to
(a) tea (b) cotton (c) jute

Ans: (c) Jute

(iii) Leading producers of coffee
(a) Brazil (b) India (c) Russia

Ans: (a) Brazil

3. Give reasons.

(i) In India agriculture is a primary activity.

Ans: Agriculture is the transformation of a plant to a finished product. It includes activities that are connected with the extraction and production of natural resources. Two-third of India’s population is dependent upon agriculture where people are engaged in growing crops, fruits, vegetables, flowers and rearing of livestock. Hence, in India, agriculture is a primary activity.

(ii) Different crops are grown in different regions.

Ans: Different crops are grown in different regions because growing of crops depends upon the geographical conditions, demand of produce, labour and level of technology. Favourable topography of soil and climate also play an important role in selection of crops to be grown in that area.

4. Distinguish between the followings.

(i) Primary activities and tertiary activities

Primary activitiesTertiary activities 1. Primary activities are connected with the extraction and production of natural resourcesTertiary activities provides support to the primary and secondary sectors 2. Agriculture, fishing are examples of Primary activitiesServices such as banking and transport are examples of Tertiary activities

(ii) Subsistence farming and intensive farming.

Subsistence farmingIntensive farming
1.Subsistence farming is practised to meet the needs of the farmer’s family; involves the use of low levels of technology and household labour for producing a small outputIntensive farming is a type of subsistence farming; involves the annual cultivation of a small plot of land using simple tools and more labour
2.In Subsistence farming, they use no fertilizers or pesticides.In Intensive farming, efficient use of fertilizers and pesticides is done to improve quality of crops.

NCERT solutions for Class 8 Social Science

NCERT Solutions Class 8 Social Science PDF (Download) Free from myCBSEguide app and myCBSEguide website. Ncert solution class 8 Social Science includes textbook solutions from part 1 and part 2 and part 3 . NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 8 Social Science have total 27 chapters. 8 Social Science NCERT Solutions in PDF for free Download on our website. Ncert Social Science class 8 solutions PDF and Social Science ncert class 8 PDF solutions with latest modifications and as per the latest CBSE syllabus are only available in myCBSEguide.

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