NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Political Science How the state government works

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NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Political Science How the state government works book solutions are available in PDF format for free download. These ncert book chapter wise questions and answers are very helpful for CBSE exam. CBSE recommends NCERT books and most of the questions in CBSE exam are asked from NCERT textbooks. Class 7 Social Science chapter wise NCERT solution for Social Science part 1 part 2 and Part 3  for all the chapters can be downloaded from our website and myCBSEguide mobile app for free.

NCERT Solutions for Political Science Class 7 Download as PDF

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Political Science How the state government works

NCERT Class 7 Social Science ChapterWise Solutions


  1. Environment
  2. Inside our earth
  3. Our Changing Earth
  4. Air
  5. Water
  6. Natural Vegetation and Wild Life
  7. Human environment-settlement transport and communication
  8. Human-environment interactions the tropical and the subtropical region
  9. Life in the temperate grasslands
  10. Life in the deserts


  1. Racing changes through a thousand years
  2. New kings and kingdoms
  3. The Delhi Sultans
  4. The Mughal Empire
  5. Rules and buildings
  6. Towns, traders and craftspersons
  7. Tribes, nomads and settled communities
  8. Devotional paths to the divine
  9. The making of regional cultures
  10. Eighteenth-century political formations

Political Science

  1. Equality in Indian democracy
  2. Role of the government in health
  3. How the state government works
  4. Growing up as boys and girls
  5. Women change the world
  6. Media and advertising
  7. Understanding advertising
  8. Markets
  9. A shirt in the market

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Political Science How the state government works

Q1. Use the terms ‘constituency’ and ‘represent’ to explain who an MLA is and how is the person elected?

Ans: Every state in India has a Legislative Assembly and each state is divided into different areas or constituencies on the basis of population for the purpose of elections. For example, the state of Himachal Pradesh is divided into 68 constituencies.  From each constituency, the people elect one representative who then becomes a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA). Each MLA belongs to a particular political party. MLAs are elected by the people and form the government, hence, they represent the people of the respective constituencies from which they are elected..

Q2. How did some MLAs become Ministers? Explain.

Ans: Every MLA belongs to a political party. Some MLAs become ministers when their party wins more than half the number of constituencies in a state and thus forms the majority. The political party that has the majority is called the ruling party and all other members are called the opposition. After the elections, The MLAs from the ruling party can elect the Chief Minister of the state. The Chief Minister then selects a few of the elected MLAs as ministers. Not all elected MLAs can become ministers. The Governor of the state appoints the Chief Minister and other ministers. The Chief Minister and other ministers have the responsibility of running various government departments or ministries. They have separate offices.

Q3. Why should decisions are taken by the Chief Minister and other ministers be debated in the Legislative ALegislative Assembly

Ans: Decisions taken by the Chief Minister and other ministers should be debated in the Legislative Assembly as these decisions have to be approved by all the other members of the Legislative Assembly. The MLAs are collectively responsible for the work that the government does. They also have to answer questions that are asked in the Legislative Assembly and convince people asking the questions that proper steps are being taken. As they have been elected by the people to form the government, they are responsible and accountable to them. In a democracy, these members can ask questions, debate an important issue, decide where money should be spent etc.
For example, if there are issues pertaining to a change in government policy, the issues need to be discussed in the Legislative Assembly before implementing the change. All members of the Legislative Assembly including the members of the opposition should be a part of the discussion before any final decision is taken.

Q4. What was the problem in Patalpuram? What discussion/action was taken by the following? Fill in the table.

Public meeting
Legislative Assembly
Press Conference
Chief minister

Ans: The problem in Patalpuram was that there was a lack of clean drinking water and proper sanitation. In addition, people were dying of water-borne diseases and there was a shortage of proper medical facilities.

Public meeting – Demand for the MLA  to take responsibility for the deteriorating healthcare and sanitation conditions and put a stop to the innumerable deaths.
Legislative Assembly – Discussion on the need for proper sanitation and healthcare facilities by the MLAs. Explanation by the MLAs on the steps taken by the government.
Press Conference – Explanation by the Minister on the steps taken to improve medical facilities and provide tankers which would supply clean drinking water. Inform that the Chief Minister has promised funds for the same. Plans to start a campaign to inform people about the steps to stop diarrhea.
Chief Minister -Assured that a high-level inquiry committee will look into the needs of the district to provide sanitation facilities. A promise of funds for the measures suggested by the Health Minister. The promise of a proper and timely collection of garbage for better sanitation. Compensation announced for the families of those people who died due to diseases.

Q5. What is the difference between the work that MLAs do in the Assembly and the work done by government departments?

Ans: MLAs can express their opinions and ask questions related to the issue or give suggestions about what should be done by the government in the assembly and pass laws. They form the ruling government. The government departments, run by the chief minister and other ministers, implement the laws made by the Legislative Assembly. The work done by the government departments has to be approved by the members of the Legislative Assembly.

NCERT solutions for Class 7 Social Science

NCERT Solutions Class 7 Social Science PDF (Download) Free from myCBSEguide app and myCBSEguide website. Ncert solution class 7 Social Science includes textbook solutions from part 1 and part 2 and part 3  NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 7 Social Science have total 30 chapters. 7 Social Science NCERT Solutions in PDF for free Download on our website. Ncert Social Science class 7 solutions PDF and Social Science ncert class 7 PDF solutions with latest modifications and as per the latest CBSE syllabus are only available in myCBSEguide.

CBSE app for Class 7

To download NCERT Solutions for class 7 Social Science, Computer Science, Hindi, English, Maths Science do check myCBSEguide app or website. myCBSEguide provides sample papers with solution, test papers for chapter-wise practice, NCERT solutions, NCERT Exemplar solutions, quick revision notes for ready reference, CBSE guess papers and CBSE important question papers. Sample Paper all are made available through the best app for CBSE students and myCBSEguide website.

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