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NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Political Science A shirt in the market book solutions are available in PDF format for free download. These ncert book chapter wise questions and answers are very helpful for CBSE exam. CBSE recommends NCERT books and most of the questions in CBSE exam are asked from NCERT textbooks. Class 7 Social Science chapter wise NCERT solution for Social Science part 1 part 2 and Part 3 for all the chapters can be downloaded from our website and myCBSEguide mobile app for free.
NCERT Solutions for Political Science Download as PDF
NCERT Class 7 Social Science Chapter Wise Solutions
- Inside our earth
- Our Changing Earth
- Natural Vegetation and Wild Life
- Human environment-settlement transport and communication
- Human-environment interactions the tropical and the subtropical region
- Life in the temperate grasslands
- Life in the deserts
- Racing changes through a thousand years
- New kings and kingdoms
- The Delhi Sultans
- The Mughal Empire
- Rules and buildings
- Towns, traders and craftspersons
- Tribes, nomads and settled communities
- Devotional paths to the divine
- The making of regional cultures
- Eighteenth-century political formations
- Equality in Indian democracy
- Role of the government in health
- How the state government works
- Growing up as boys and girls
- Women change the world
- Media and advertising
- Understanding advertising
- A shirt in the market
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Political Science A shirt in the market
Q.1: What made Swapna sell the cotton to the trader instead of selling at the Kurnool cotton market?
Ans: Swapna was a small farmer in Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh. She grew cotton on her small piece of land. The cotton bolls do not burst all at a time and so it takes several days to harvest the cotton. Her production of cotton was in small quantity. Once all her cotton was collected, she went to sell it to the local trader. She had earlier borrowed Rs.2,500 from the local trader at a very high rate of interest to purchase seeds, pesticides and fertilisers at the beginning of the cropping season. The trader was a powerful man in the village and the farmers depended on him for loans not only for cultivation but also to meet other exigencies such as illnesses, children’s school fees etc. Also, there are times in the year when there is no work and no income for the farmers, so borrowing money is the only means of survival. So nobody dared to go against him.
Swapna had to take a loan from the trader on the condition that she would sell her cotton to him. She too promised to sell all her cotton to him. She had to pay him the principal loan amount along with interest as well as sell her cotton to the trader. Due to these reasons, Swapna was forced to sell her cotton to the trader instead of selling it at the Kurnool cotton market. She sold it to him at the rate of Rs.1,500 per quintal. She knew she would get a higher price for her cotton in the market, around Rs.1,800 per quintal. But she had no choice. The trader collected Rs. 3,000 from Swapna and gave her back Rs.3,000. She felt the price was too low. She didn’t want to argue with the trader. Swapna’s earning from cotton cultivation is barely more than what she might have earned as a wage labourer.
Q.2: Describe the conditions of employment as well as the wages of workers in the garment exporting factory. Do you think the workers get a fair deal?
Ans: The conditions of employment and wages of workers in the garment factory can be described as:
- Conditions of employment – The conditions of employment at garment exporting factories are deplorable. The factories are unhygienic and congested. Most of the employees are women, hired on a temporary basis, so they can be fired at any time. There is an absence of basic facilities for employees. Women are employed as helpers for thread cutting, buttoning, ironing and packaging. These jobs have the lowest wages.
- Wages – Faced with pressures from the buyers, the garment exporting factories, in turn, try to cut costs. They get the maximum work out of the workers at the lowest possible wages. Wages are fixed according to their skills. The highest paid among the workers are the tailors who get about Rs. 3,000 per month. Not everyone gains equally in the market.
Overall, the workers do not get a fair deal and their employment conditions need to be improved. There are ways to overcome these problems – forming cooperatives of producers and ensuring that laws are followed strictly.
Q3. Think of something common that we use. It could be sugar, tea, milk, pen, paper, pencil, etc. Discuss through what chain of markets this reaches you. Can you think of the people that help in the production or trade?
Ans: Let us consider the example of milk consumption. It has a long chain of markets in reaching to the people in the big city. It starts with the small farmers or villagers who have one to five cows or buffaloes in the villages. They sell milk to Ghusi (milkmen). The Ghusi collect milk, from each cow/buffalo owner every night and morning. They give this collection to either dairy farms or traders. The trader collects a huge quantity of milk from rural area, through Ghusis. The trader provides this bulk of milk to dairy farms like Mother Dairy in Delhi or sometimes small dairy farms. In turn, these big or small dairy farms supply milk in packets to us (consumers) directly through dairy centres or through shops in the cities. At times, people are paid to supply these packets at our doorstep every day.
The people who help in the production or trade of milk are—villagers who domesticate cows/buffaloes in the rural area, Ghusi (milkmen), traders (in between Ghusis and dairy farms), dairy farmers, and shopkeepers in the towns or cities and the supply boys.
Q4. Arrange the statements given alongside in the correct order and then fill in the numbers in the cotton bolls accordingly. The first two have already been done for you.
- Swapna sells the cotton to the trader.
- Customers buy these shirts in a supermarket.
- Trader sells cotton to the Ginning Mill.
- Garment exporters buy the cloth from merchants for making shirts.
- Yarn dealers or merchants give the yarn to the weavers.
- The exporter sells shirts to the business person from the U.S.A.
- Spinning mill buys the cotton and sells yarn to the yarn dealers.
- Weavers return with the cloth.
- Ginning mill cleans the cotton and makes it into bales.
1. Swapna sells the cotton to the trader.
3. Trader sells cotton to the Ginning Mill.
9. Ginning mill cleans the cotton and makes it into bales.
7. Spinning mill buys the cotton and sells yarn to the yarn dealers.
5. Yarn dealers or merchants give the yarn to the weavers.
8. Weavers return with the cloth.
4. Garment exporters buy the cloth from merchants for making shirts.
6. The exporter sells shirts to the business person from the U.S.A.
2. Customers buy these shirts in a supermarket.
NCERT solutions for Class 7 Social Science
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