# NCERT Solutions class 12 physics Electromagnetic Waves ## myCBSEguide App

CBSE, NCERT, JEE Main, NEET-UG, NDA, Exam Papers, Question Bank, NCERT Solutions, Exemplars, Revision Notes, Free Videos, MCQ Tests & more. ## NCERT Class 12 Physics Chapter-wise Solutions

• 1 – Electric Charges and Fields
• 2 – Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
• 3 – Current Electricity
• 4 – Moving Charges and Magnetism
• 5 – Magnetism and Matter
• 6 – Electromagnetic Induction
• 7 – Alternating Current
• 8 – Electromagnetic Waves
• 9 – Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
• 10 – Wave Optics
• 11 – Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
• 12 – Atoms
• 13 – Nuclei
• 14 – Semiconductor Electronic: Material, Devices and Simple Circuits
• 15 – Communication Systems

## CHAPTER 8 ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES

• 8.1 Introduction
• 8.2 Displacement Current
• 8.3 Electromagnetic Waves
• 8.4 Electromagnetic Spectrum

## NCERT Solutions class 12 physics Electromagnetic Waves

1: Figure 8.6 shows a capacitor made of two circular plates each of radius 12 cm, and separated by 5.0 cm. The capacitor is being charged by an external source (not shown in the figure). The charging current is constant and equal to 0.15 A. (a) Calculate the capacitance and the rate of charge of potential difference between the plates.

(b) Obtain the displacement current across the plates.

(c) Is Kirchhoff’s first rule (junction rule) valid at each plate of the capacitor? Explain.

2: A parallel plate capacitor (Fig. 8.7) made of circular plates each of radius R = 6.0 cm has a capacitance C = 100 pF. The capacitor is connected to a 230 V ac supply with a (angular) frequency of 300 rad . (a) What is the rms value of the conduction current?

(b) Is the conduction current equal to the displacement current?

(c) Determine the amplitude of B at a point 3.0 cm from the axis between the plates.

3: What physical quantity is the same for X-rays of wavelength 10-10 m, red light of wavelength 6800 and radiowaves of wavelength 500 m?

4: A plane electromagnetic wave travels in vacuum along z-direction. What can you say about the directions of its electric and magnetic field vectors? If the frequency of the wave is 30 MHz, what is its wavelength?

5: A radio can tune in to any station in the 7.5 MHz to 12 MHz band. What is the corresponding wavelength band?

6: A charged particle oscillates about its mean equilibrium position with a frequency of Hz. What is the frequency of the electromagnetic waves produced by the oscillator?

7: The amplitude of the magnetic field part of a harmonic electromagnetic wave in vacuum is = 510 nT. What is the amplitude of the electric field part of the wave?

8: Suppose that the electric field amplitude of an electromagnetic wave is = 120 N/C and that its frequency is = 50.0 MHz. (a) Determine,  (b) Find expressions for E and B.

9: The terminology of different parts of the electromagnetic spectrum is given in the text. Use the formula E = (for energy of a quantum of radiation: photon) and obtain the photon energy in units of eV for different parts of the electromagnetic spectrum. In what way are the different scales of photon energies that you obtain related to the sources of electromagnetic radiation?

10:  In a plane electromagnetic wave, the electric field oscillates sinusoid ally at a frequency of and amplitude 48 V .

(a) What is the wavelength of the wave?

(b) What is the amplitude of the oscillating magnetic field?

(c) Show that the average energy density of the E field equals the average energy density of the B field. [c = ]

11:  Suppose that the electric field part of an electromagnetic wave in vacuum is E = {(3.1 N/C) cos [(1.8 rad/m) y + ( rad/s)t]} .

(a) What is the direction of propagation?

(b) What is the wavelength ?

(c) What is the frequency ?

(d) What is the amplitude of the magnetic field part of the wave?

(e) Write an expression for the magnetic field part of the wave.

12: About 5% of the power of a 100 W light bulb is converted to visible radiation. What is the average intensity of visible radiation

(a) at a distance of 1 m from the bulb?

(b) at a distance of 10 m?

Assume that the radiation is emitted isotropic ally and neglect reflection.

13:  Use the formula T= 0.29 cm K to obtain the characteristic temperature ranges for different parts of the electromagnetic spectrum. What do the numbers that you obtain tell you?

14: Given below are some famous numbers associated with electromagnetic radiations in different contexts in physics. State the part of the electromagnetic spectrum to which each belongs.

(a) 21 cm (wavelength emitted by atomic hydrogen in interstellar space).

(b) 1057 MHz (frequency of radiation arising from two close energy levels in hydrogen ; known as Lamb shift).

(c) 2.7 K [temperature associated with the isotropic radiation filling all space-thought to be a relic of the ‘big-bang’ origin of the universe].

(d) 5890 – 5896 [double lines of sodium]

(e) 14.4 keV [energy of a particular transition in 57Fe nucleus associated with a famous high resolution spectroscopic method

(Mossbauer spectroscopy)].

(b) It is necessary to use satellites for long distance TV transmission. Why?

(c) Optical and radio telescopes are built on the ground but X-ray astronomy is possible only from satellites orbiting the earth. Why?

(d) The small ozone layer on top of the stratosphere is crucial for human survival. Why?

(e) If the earth did not have an atmosphere, would its average surface temperature be higher or lower than what it is now?

(f) Some scientists have predicted that a global nuclear war on the earth would be followed by a severe ‘nuclear winter’ with a devastating effect on life on earth. What might be the basis of this prediction?

## NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Physics

NCERT Solutions Class 12 Physics PDF (Download) Free from myCBSEguide app and myCBSEguide website. Ncert solution class 12 physics includes text book solutions from both part 1 and part 2. NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 12 Physics have total 20 chapters. 12 Physics NCERT Solutions in PDF for free Download on our website. Ncert physics class 12 solutions PDF and physics ncert class 12 PDF solutions with latest modifications and as per the latest CBSE syllabus are only available in myCBSEguide

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