CBSE, NCERT, JEE Main, NEET-UG, NDA, Exam Papers, Question Bank, NCERT Solutions, Exemplars, Revision Notes, Free Videos, MCQ Tests & more.Install Now
CBSE class 9 Social Science Chapter 3 History-Nazism and the Rise of Hitler notes in PDF are available for free download in myCBSEguide mobile app. The best app for CBSE students now provides History-Nazism and the Rise of Hitler class 9 Notes latest chapter wise notes for quick preparation of CBSE exams and school based annual examinations. Class 9 Social Science notes on Chapter 3 History-Nazism and the Rise of Hitler are also available for download in CBSE Guide website.
CBSE Guide History-Nazism and the Rise of Hitler class 9 Notes
CBSE guide notes are the comprehensive notes which covers the latest syllabus of CBSE and NCERT. It includes all the topics given in NCERT class 9 Social Science text book. Users can download CBSE guide quick revision notes from myCBSEguide mobile app and my CBSE guide website.
9 Social Science notes Chapter 3 History-Nazism and the Rise of Hitler
Download CBSE class 9th revision notes for Chapter 3 History-Nazism and the Rise of Hitler in PDF format for free. Download revision notes for History-Nazism and the Rise of Hitler class 9 Notes and score high in exams. These are the History-Nazism and the Rise of Hitler class 9 Notes prepared by team of expert teachers. The revision notes help you revise the whole chapter in minutes. Revising notes in exam days is on of the best tips recommended by teachers during exam days.
CBSE Class 09 Social Science
Chapter – 3
History – NAZISM AND THE RISE OF HITLER
BIRTH OF THE WEIMER REPUBLIC
Germany fought the First World War (1914–1918) along with the Austrian empire and against the Allies (England, France and Russia).
Germany initially made gains by occupying France and Belgium. However, the Allies won defeating Germany and the Central Powers in 1918.
The defeat of the Imperial Germany and the abdication of the emperor gave an opportunity to parliamentary parties to recast German polity.A National Assembly met at Weimer and established a democratic constitution with a federal structure. The republic, however, was not received well by its own people largely because of the terms it was forced to accept after Germany’s defeat at the end of the First World War. Many
Germans held the new Weimer Republic responsible for not only the defeat in the war but the disgrace at Versailles.
The Effects of the War— The war had a devastating impact on the entire continent both psychologically and financially. From being a creditor, Europe became a debtor. The supporters of the Weimer Republic were criticized and became easy targets of attack in the conservative nationalist circles. Soldiers came to be placed above civilians. Aggressive war propaganda and national honour became important. The fragile democracy could not survive and led to instability in Europe.
Political Radicalism and Economic Crisis : The birth of the Weimer Republic coincided with the uprising of the Spartacist League on the pattern of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. The Spartacists founded the Communist Party of Germany. The political instability in Germany paved the way for Hitler.
Political radicalization was heightened by the economic crisis of 1923. As Germany refused to pay the war reparations, France occupied its leading industrial area, Ruhr. Germany retaliated with printing paper currency recklessly. The value of the mark collapsed. Prices of goods soared.There was hyperinflation.
The Years of Depression
1924–1928 saw some stability, yet it was built on sand. Germany was totally dependent on short-term loans, largely from the USA. This support was withdrawn with the crash in 1929 of the Wall Street Exchange. German economy was hit badly. It led to social unrest. The middle class and working population was filled with the fear of proletarianisation.
The Weimer Republic had some inherent defects :
1. Proportional Representation
2. Article 48 — which gave the President the powers to impose emergency, suspend civil rights and rule by decree.
HITLER’S RISE TO POWER
Hitler was born in Austria in 1889. He earned many medals for bravery in the First World War.The German defeat horrified him. The Treaty of Versailles made him furious. He joined the German Workers Party and renamed it National Socialist German Workers’ Party. This later came to be known as the Nazi Party.
Nazism became a mass movement only during the Great Depression. The Nazi propaganda stirred hopes of a better future. Hitler was a powerful and effective speaker. He promised the people a strong nation where all would get employment.
His politics included the significant rituals and spectacle in mass mobilization. Nazi propaganda skillfully projected Hitler as a messiah, a saviour.
The Destruction of Democracy— Hitler achieved the highest position in the cabinet of ministries on 30 January 1933. Hitler now set out to dismantle the structures of democratic rule.The Fire Decree of 28 February 1933 suspended civic rights like freedom of speech, press and assembly. Communists were hurriedly packed off to new established concentration camps. All political parties were banned. Special surveillance and security forces were created to control the people and rule with impunity.
Reconstruction : Economist Hjalmar Schacht was given the responsibility of economic recovery. He aimed at full production and full employment through a state funded work creation programme.
Hitler pulled out of the League of Nations in 1933, reoccupied the Rhineland in 1936 and integrated Austria and Germany in 1938 under the slogan : One people, One empire, One leader. Hitler ignored the Schacht’s advice of not to invest hugely in rearmament. He then took Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia. Hitler had the unspoken support of England.Hitler did not stop here. He chose war as a way out of the Economic Crisis.
Resources were to be accumulated through expansion of territory. In September 1940 Germany invaded Poland. This started a war with France and England. USA resisted involvement in the war. But when Japan extended its support to Hitler and bombarded Pearl Harbour, the USA entered the war. The war ended in 1945 with Hitler’s defeat and the US bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan.
THE NAZI WORLD VIEW
According to Nazi ideology there was no equality between people, but only racial hierarchy. The Nazis quickly began to implement their dream of creating an exclusive racial community of pure Germans by physically eliminating all those who were considered undesirable. They wanted a society of pure and healthy Nordic Aryans. Jews, Gypsies, blacks, Russian, Poles, even certain Germans and abnormal were considered undesirable.
The other aspect of Hitler’s ideology related to the geopolitical concept of Lebensraum, or living space.
Jews were the worst sufferers in Nazi Germany. Hitler believed in pseudo scientific theories of race which said that conversion was no solution to the Jewish problem. It had to be solved through their total elimination.
From 1933–1938 — the Nazis terrorized, pauperised and segregated the Jews, compelling them to leave the country.
The next phase, 1939–1945, aimed at concentrating them in certain areas and then killing the min gas chambers in Poland.
The Racial Utopia
Genocide and war became two sides of the same coin. Occupied Poland was divided. Poles were forced to leave their homes and properties behind to be occupied by ethnic Germans brought in from occupied Europe.
YOUTH IN NAZI GERMANY
Hitler felt that a strong Nazi society could be established by teaching Nazi ideology to children.All schools were given German teachers. Children were divided into two groups — desirable and undesirable. Textbooks were rewritten, functions of sports in schools was to nurture the spirit of violence and aggression. Ten-year-olds had to enter Jungvolk. At 14, all boys joined ‘Hitler Youth’, they joined the Labour Service at 18.
The Nazi Cult of Motherhood — Women were told to be good mothers and rear pure blooded Aryan children. They were encouraged to produce many children. They had to be the bearers of the Aryan culture and race.
The Art of Propaganda — The Nazi regime used language and media with care and often to great effect. They used films, pictures, radio, posters, etc. to spread hatred for Jews. Nazism worked on the minds of the people, tapped their emotions, and turned their hatred and anger at those marked as ‘undesirable’.
Crimes against Humanity — People saw the world through Nazi eyes and spoke the Nazi language. At times even the Jews began to believe in the Nazi stereotypes about them.
Knowledge about the Holocaust —It was only after the war ended that people came to know about what had happened. The Jews wanted the world to know about the atrocities and sufferings they had endured during the Nazi killing operations. They just wanted to live, even if it was for a few hours, to tell the world about the Holocaust.
History-Nazism and the Rise of Hitler class 9 Notes
- CBSE Revision notes (PDF Download) Free
- CBSE Revision notes for Class 9 Social Science PDF
- CBSE Revision notes Class 9 Social Science – CBSE
- CBSE Revisions notes and Key Points Class 9 Social Science
- Summary of the NCERT books all chapters in Social Science class 9
- Short notes for CBSE class 9th Social Science
- Key notes and chapter summary of Social Science class 9
- Quick revision notes for CBSE exams
CBSE Class-9 Revision Notes and Key Points
History-Nazism and the Rise of Hitler class 9 Notes. CBSE quick revision note for Class-9 Social Science, Chemistry, Maths, Biology and other subject are very helpful to revise the whole syllabus during exam days. The revision notes covers all important formulas and concepts given in the chapter. Even if you wish to have an overview of a chapter, quick revision notes are here to do if for you. These notes will certainly save your time during stressful exam days.
- Revision Notes for class-09 Mathematics
- Revision Notes for class-09 Science
- Revision Notes for class-09 Social Science
- Revision Notes for class-09 English Communicative
To download History-Nazism and the Rise of Hitler class 9 Notes, sample paper for class 9 Mathematics, Social Science, Science, English Communicative; do check myCBSEguide app or website. myCBSEguide provides sample papers with solution, test papers for chapter-wise practice, NCERT solutions, NCERT Exemplar solutions, quick revision notes for ready reference, CBSE guess papers and CBSE important question papers. Sample Paper all are made available through the best app for CBSE students and myCBSEguide website.
- History-The French Revolution class 9 Notes Social Science
- History-Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution class 9 Notes Social Science
- History-Nazism and the Rise of Hitler class 9 Notes Social Science
- History-Forest Society and Colonialism class 9 Notes Social Science
- History-Pastoralists in the Modern World class 9 Notes Social Science
- History-Peasants and Farmers class 9 Notes Social Science
- Geography-India Size and Location class 9 Notes Social Science
- Physical Features of India class 9 Notes Geography
- Drainage class 9 Notes Geography
- Climate class 9 Notes Geography
- Natural Vegetation and Wild Life class 9 Notes Geography
- Population class 9 Notes Geography
- History and Sport The Story of Cricket World class 9 Notes History
- Clothing A Social History class 9 Notes History
- People as Resource class 9 Notes Economics
- The Story of Village Palampur class 9 Notes Economics
- Poverty as a Challenge class 9 Notes Economics
- Democracy in the Contemporary World class 9 Notes Political Science
- What is Democracy Why Democracy class 9 Notes Political Science
- Constitutional Design class 9 Notes Political Science
- Electoral Politics class 9 Notes Political Science
- Working of Institutions class 9 Notes Political Science
- Democratic Rights class 9 Notes Political Science
- Food Security in India class 9 Notes Economics