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CBSE Syllabus of Class 11 Geography 2019-20

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CBSE Syllabus for Class 11 Geography 2019-20 contains all the topics of this session. myCBSEguide provides you latest Syllabus for Class 11 Geography in PDF format for free download. Geography for pursuing their academic interest and, therefore, need a broader and deeper understanding of the subject. For others, geographical knowledge is useful in daily lives because it is a valuable medium for the education of young people. The Geography syllabus is divided into 10 units that carry 70 marks, and 30 marks are allotted for practicals. CBSE Students can download class 11 Syllabus PDF format is now available in myCBSEguide mobile app.

CBSE Syllabus for class 11 Geography 2019-20

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CBSE Syllabus Class 11 Geography

Total Marks: 70
Time: 3 Hours

PartUnitsNo. of PeriodsMarks
AFundamentals of Physical Geography8735 Marks
Unit-1: Geography as a discipline0630
Unit-2: The Earth11
Unit-3: Landforms20
Unit-4: Climate30
Unit-5: Water (Oceans)10
unit-6: Life on the Earth07
Map of diagram055
BIndia-Physical Environment7835Marks
Unit-7: Introduction0430
Unit-8: Physiography28
Unit-9: Climate, vegetation and soil28
Unit-10: Natural hazards and disasters14
Map and Diagram045
Total16570 Marks
CPractical Work5030 Marks
Unit-1: Fundamentals of Maps2010 Marks
Unit-2: Topographic and Weather Maps3015 Marks
Practical Record Book and Viva5 Marks

Course Content

Part: Fundamentals of Physical Geography (87Periods)
Unit 1: Geography as a Discipline (06 Periods)

  • Geography as an integrating discipline, as a science of spatial attributes
  • Branches of Geography: Physical Geography and Human Geography
  • Scope and Career Options (Non-evaluative)

Unit 2: The Earth (11 Periods)

  • Origin and evolution of the earth; interior of the earth
  • Wegener’s continental drift theory and plate tectonics
  • Earthquakes and volcanoes: causes, types and effects

Unit 3: Landforms (20 Periods)

  • Rocks: major types of rocks and their characteristics
  • Geomorphic processes: weathering; mass wasting; erosion and deposition; soil-formation
  • Landforms and their evolution- Brief erosional and depositional features 20 Periods

Unit 4: Climate (30 Periods)

  • Atmosphere- composition and structure; elements of weather and climate
  • Insolation-angle of incidence and distribution; heat budget of the earth-heating and cooling of atmosphere (conduction, convection, terrestrial radiation and advection); temperature- factors controlling temperature; distribution of temperature-horizontal and vertical; inversion of temperature
  • Pressure-pressure belts; winds-planetary, seasonal and local; air masses and fronts; tropical and extratropical cyclones
  • Precipitation-evaporation; condensation-dew, frost, fog, mist and cloud; rainfall-types and world distribution
  • Climate and Global Concerns 30 Periods

Unit 5: Water (Oceans) (10 Periods)

  • Basics of Oceanography
  • Oceans – distribution of temperature and salinity
  • Movements of ocean water-waves, tides and currents; submarine reliefs
  • Ocean resources and pollution

Unit 6: Life on the Earth (07 Periods)

  • Biosphere – importance of plants and other organisms; biodiversity and conservation; ecosystem and ecological balance

Map work on identification of features based on 1 to 6 units on the outline Physical/Political map of the world. (05 Periods)

Part B: India-Physical Environment (78 Periods)
Unit 7: Introduction

  • Location, space relations, India’s place in the world

Unit 8: Physiography (28 Periods)

  • Structure and Relief; Physiographic Divisions
  • Drainage systems: Concept of river basins, watershed; the Himalayan and the Peninsular rivers

Unit 9: Climate, Vegetation and Soil (28 Periods)

  • Weather and climate – spatial and temporal distribution of temperature, pressure winds and rainfall, Indian monsoon: mechanism, onset and withdrawal, variability of rainfalls: spatial and temporal; use of weather charts
  • Natural vegetation-forest types and distribution; wildlife; conservation; biosphere reserves
  • Soils – major types (ICAR’s classification) and their distribution, soil degradation and conservation

Unit 10: Hazards and Disasters: Causes, Consequences and Management (14 periods)

  • Floods, Cloudbursts
  • Droughts: types and impact
  • Earthquakes and Tsunami
  • Cyclones: features and impact
  • Landslides

Map Work of features based on above units for locating and labelling on the outlinePolitical/Physical map of India (04 Periods)

Part C: Practical Work (50 Periods)
Unit 1: Fundamentals of Maps (20 Periods)

  • Geo spatial data, Concept of Geographical data matrix; Point, line, area data
  • Maps -types; scales-types; construction of simple linear scale, measuring distance; finding direction and use of symbols
  • Map projection- Latitude, longitude and time, typology, construction and properties of projection: Conical with one standard parallel and Mercator’s projection. (only two projections)

Unit 2: Topographic and Weather Maps (30 Periods)

  • Study of topographic maps (1 : 50,000 or 1 : 25,000 Survey of India maps); contour cross-section and identification of landforms-slopes, hills, valleys, waterfall, cliffs; distribution of settlements
  • Aerial Photographs: Types and Geometry-vertical aerial photographs; difference between maps and aerial photographs; photo scale determination. Identification of physical and cultural features
  • Satellite imageries, stages in remote sensing data acquisition, platform and sensors and data products, (photographic and digital)
  • Use of weather instruments: thermometer, wet and dry-bulb thermometer, barometer, wind vane, rain gauge

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