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CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Chemistry 2019-20

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CBSE Syllabus of Class 12 Chemistry – in PDF

CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Chemistry 2019-20 contains all the topics of this session. myCBSEguide provides you latest Syllabus for Class 12 Chemistry in PDF format for free download. Chemistry is the study of matter and its interactions with other matter and energy. If you want to make career in these fields like Analytical chemist, Biotechnologist, Chemical engineer, etc, that’s why you need deep knowledge of this subject. CBSE syllabus of class 12 is now available in myCBSEguide mobile app. The curriculum for March 2020 exams is designed by CBSE, New Delhi as per NCERT textbooks for the session 2019-20.

CBSE Syllabus for class 12 Chemistry 2019-20

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CBSE Syllabus Class 12 Chemistry

Time: 3 Hours
Total Periods (Theory 160 + Practical 80)
Hours Max. Marks 70

Unit No.TitleNo. of PeriodsMarks
Unit ISolutions1023
Unit IIElectrochemistry12
Unit IIIChemical Kinetics10
Unit IVSurface Chemistry08
Unit VGeneral Principles and processes of Isolation fo Elements0819
Unit VIp- Block Elements14
Unit VId and f-Block Elements12
Unit VIICoordination Compounds12
Unit VIIIHaloalkanes and Haloarenes1228
Unit IXAlcohols, Phenols and Ethers12
Unit XAldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids14
Unit XIOrganic Compounds containing Nitrogen12
Unit XIIBiomolecules12
Unit XIIIPolymers06
Unit XIVChemistry in Everyday Life06

Unit I: Solutions (10 Periods)

Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties – relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult’s law, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass, Van’t Hoff factor.

Unit II: Electrochemistry (12 Periods) 

Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity, variations of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis and law of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell-electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells, lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells, Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells, corrosion.

Unit III: Chemical Kinetics (10 Periods) 

Rate of a reaction (Average and instantaneous), factors affecting rate of reaction: concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction, rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half-life (only for zero and first order reactions), concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment). Activation energy, Arrhenius equation.

Unit IV: Surface Chemistry (08 Periods)

Adsorption – physisorption and chemisorption, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis, homogenous and heterogenous activity and selectivity; enzyme catalysis colloidal state distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspension; lyophilic, lyophobic multi-molecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation, emulsion – types of emulsions.

Unit V: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements (08 Periods)

Principles and methods of extraction – concentration, oxidation, reduction – electrolytic method and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron

Unit VI: p -Block Elements (14 Periods)

Group 16 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, dioxygen: Preparation, Properties and uses, classification of Oxides, Ozone, Sulphur – allotropic forms; compounds of Sulphur: Preparation Properties and uses of Sulphur-dioxide, Sulphuric Acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses; Oxoacids of Sulphur (Structures only).

Group 17 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens, Preparation, properties and uses of Chlorine and Hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds, Oxoacids of halogens (structures only).
Group 18 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses.

Unit VII: ‘d’ and ‘f’ Block Elements (12 Periods)

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals – metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation, preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4. Lanthanoids – Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.
Actinoids – Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids.

Unit VIII: Coordination Compounds (12Periods)

Coordination compounds – Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds. Bonding, Werner’s theory, VBT, and CFT; structure and stereoisomerism, importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative inclusion, extraction of metals and biological system).

Unit IX: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes (12 Periods) 

Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C-X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions, optical rotation.
Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (Directive influence of halogen in monosubstituted compounds only).
Uses and environmental effects of – dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT.

Unit X: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers (12 Periods)

Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only), identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol.
Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophilic substitution reactions, uses of phenols.
Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses.

Unit XI: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids (14 Periods)

Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes, uses.
Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.

Unit XII: Organic compounds containing Nitrogen (12 Periods) 

Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines.
Cyanides and Isocyanides – will be mentioned at relevant places in text.
Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry

Unit XIII: Biomolecules (12 Periods)

Carbohydrates – Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), D-L configuration oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen); Importance of carbohydrates.
Proteins -Elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, structure of proteins – primary, secondary, tertiary structure and quaternary structures (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes. Hormones – Elementary idea excluding structure. Vitamins – Classification and functions. Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA.

Unit XIV: Polymers (06 Periods)

Copolymerization, some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polythene, nylon polyesters, bakelite, rubber. Biodegradable and nonbiodegradable polymers.

Unit XV: Chemistry in Everyday life (06 Periods)

Chemicals in medicines – analgesics, tranquillizers antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines. Chemicals in food – preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants.Cleansing agents- soaps and detergents, cleansing action.


Evaluation Scheme for ExaminationMarks
Volumetric Analysis08
Salt Analysis08
Content-Based Experiment06
Project Work04
Class record and viva04

Micro-chemical methods are available for several of the practical experiments. Wherever possible, such techniques should be used.

  1. Surface Chemistry
    1. Preparation of one lyophilic and one lyophobic sol Lyophilic sol – starch, egg albumin and gum Lyophobic sol – aluminium hydroxide, ferric hydroxide, arsenous sulphide.
    2. Dialysis of sol-prepared in (a) above.
    3. Study of the role of emulsifying agents in stabilizing the emulsion of different oils.
  2. Chemical Kinetics
    1. Effect of concentration and temperature on the rate of reaction between Sodium Thiosulphate and Hydrochloric acid.
    2. Study of reaction rates of any one of the following:
      1. Reaction of Iodide ion with Hydrogen Peroxide at room temperature using different concentration of Iodide ions.
      2. Reaction between Potassium Iodate, (KIO3) and Sodium Sulphite: (Na2SO3) using starch solution as indicator (clock reaction).
  1. Thermochemistry
    Any one of the following experiments

    1. Enthalpy of dissolution of Copper Sulphate or Potassium Nitrate.
    2. Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid (HCI) and strong base (NaOH).
    3. Determination of enthalpy change during interaction (Hydrogen bond formation) between Acetone and Chloroform.
  2. D. Electrochemistry
    Variation of cell potential in Zn/Zn2+|| Cu2+/Cu with change in concentration of electrolytes (CuSO4 or ZnSO4) at room temperature.
  3. Chromatography
    1. Separation of pigments from extracts of leaves and flowers by paper chromatography and determination of Rfvalues.
    2. Separation of constituents present in an inorganic mixture containing two cations only (constituents having large difference in Rf values to be provided).
  4. Preparation of Inorganic Compounds
    1. Preparation of double salt of Ferrous Ammonium Sulphate or Potash Alum.
    2. Preparation of Potassium Ferric Oxalate.
  5. Preparation of Organic Compounds Preparation of any one of the following compounds
    1. Acetanilide
    2. Di -benzal Acetone
    3. p-Nitroacetanilide
    4. Aniline yellow or 2 – Naphthol Aniline dye.
  6. Tests for the functional groups present in organic compounds:
    Unsaturation, alcoholic, phenolic, aldehydic, ketonic, carboxylic and amino (Primary) groups.
  7. Characteristic tests of carbohydrates, fats and proteins in pure samples and their detection in given food stuffs.
  1. Determination of concentration/ molarity of KMnO4 solution by titrating it against a standard solution of:
    1.  Oxalic acid,
    2. Ferrous Ammonium Sulphate (Students will be required to prepare standard solutions by weighing themselves).
  2. Qualitative analysis
    Determination of one cation and one anion in a given salt.
    Cation – Pb2+, Cu2+, Al3+, Fe3+, Mn2+, Zn2+, Cu2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+ , Mg2+,[NH4]+
    Anions – [CO3]2- , S2- , [SO3]2- , [SO4]2- , [NO2] , Cl ,Br , I , [PO4]3- , [C2O4]2- , CH3COO (Note: Insoluble salts excluded)


Scientific investigations involving laboratory testing and collecting information from other sources.
A few suggested Projects.

  1. Study of the presence of oxalate ions in guava fruit at different stages of ripening.
  2. Study of quantity of casein present in different samples of milk.
  3. Preparation of soybean milk and its comparison with the natural milk with respect to curd formation, effect of temperature, etc.
  4. Study of the effect of Potassium Bisulphate as food preservative under various conditions (temperature, concentration, time, etc.)
  5. Study of digestion of starch by salivary amylase and effect of pH and temperature on it.
  6. Comparative study of the rate of fermentation of following materials: wheat flour, gram flour, potato juice, carrot juice, etc.
  7. Extraction of essential oils present in Saunf (aniseed), Ajwain (carum), Illaichi (cardamom)
  1. Study of common food adulterants in fat, oil, butter, sugar, turmeric power, chilli powder and pepper.

Note: Any other investigatory project, which involves about 10 periods of work, can be chosen with the approval of the teacher.
Practical Examination for Visually Impaired Students of Classes XII Evaluation Scheme

Time Allowed: Two hour
Max.Marks: 30

Identification/ Familiarity with the apparatus5 marks
Written test (based on given/ prescribed practicals10 marks
Practical Record5 marks
Viva10 marks
Total30 marks

General Guidelines

  1. The practical examination will be of two-hour duration.
  2. A separate list of ten experiments is included here.
  3. The written examination in practicals for these students will be conducted at the time of practical examination of all other students.
  4. The written test will be of 30 minutes duration.
  5. The question paper given to the students should be legibly typed. It should contain a total of 15practical skill based very short answer type questions. A student would be required to answer any 10 questions.
  6. A writer may be allowed to such students as per CBSE examination rules.
  7. All questions included in the question papers should be related to the listed practicals. Every question should require about two minutes to be answered.
  8. These students are also required to maintain a practical file. A student is expected to record at least five of the listed experiments as per the specific instructions for each subject. These practicals should be duly checked and signed by the internal examiner.
  9. The format of writing any experiment in the practical file should include aim, apparatus required, simple theory, procedure, related practical skills, precautions etc.
  10. Questions may be generated jointly by the external/internal examiners and used for assessment.
  11. The viva questions may include questions based on basic theory/principle/concept, apparatus/materials/ chemicals required, procedure, precautions, sources of error etc.
  1. Items for Identification/Familiarity of the apparatus for assessment in practicals (All experiments)
    Beaker, glass rod, tripod stand, wire gauze, Bunsen burner, Whatman filter paper, gas jar, capillary tube, Pestle and mortar, Test tubes, tongs, test tube holder, test tube stand, burette, Pipette, conical flask, standard flask, clamp stand, Tripod stand, burner, wire gauze, funnel, filter paper Hands-on Assessment

    1. Identification/familiarity with the apparatus
    2. Odour detection in qualitative analysis
  2. List of Practicals
    The experiments have been divided into two sections: Section A and Section B. The experiments mentioned in Section B are mandatory

Section- A

  1. Surface Chemistry
    1. Preparation of one lyophilic and one lyophobic sol Lyophilic sol – starch, egg albumin and gum
    2. Preparation of one lyophobic sol Lyophobic
      sol – Ferric hydroxide
  2. B. Chromatography
    1. Separation of pigments from extracts of leaves and flowers by paper chromatography and determination of Rf values (distance values may be provided).
  3. Tests for the functional groups present in organic compounds:
    1. Alcoholic and Carboxylic groups.
    2. Aldehydic and Ketonic
  4. Characteristic tests of carbohydrates and proteins in the given food stuffs.
  5. Preparation of Inorganic Compounds- Potash Alum

Section-B (Mandatory)

  1. Quantitative analysis
      1. Preparation of the standard solution of Oxalic acid of a given volume
      2. Determination of molarity of KMnO4solution by titrating it against a standard solution of Oxalic acid.
    1. The above exercise [F 1 (a) and (b)] to be conducted using Ferrous ammonium sulphate (Mohr’s salt)
  2. Qualitative analysis:
    Determination of one cation and one anion in a given salt. Cations- [NH]4 +
    Anions – [CO3]2-, S2-, [SO3]2-, Cl, CH3COO (Note: Insoluble salts excluded)

Note: The above practicals may be carried out in an experiential manner rather than recording observations.
Prescribed Books:

  1. Chemistry Part -I, Class-XII, Published by NCERT.
  2. Chemistry Part -II, Class-XII, Published by NCERT.
  3. Chemistry Lab Manual, Class XII, Published by NCERT


Chemistry (Code No. 043)
Question Paper Design Class – 12 (2019-20)

Very Short Answer Objective type (VSA) (1 Mark)
Remembering: 2
Understanding: 6
Applying: 6
Analysing: 6
Short Answer-II (SA) (2 Marks) 
Remembering: 1
Understanding: 2
Applying: 2
Analysing: 1
Total: 20
Long Answer-I (LA) (3 Marks)
Remembering: 1
Understanding: 2
Applying: 2
Analysing: 2
Total: 20
Long Answer-I (LA) (5 Marks)

Remembering: 0
Understanding: 1
Applying: 1
Analysing: 1
Creating:0 1
Total Marks
Remembering: 7
Understanding: 21
Applying: 21
Analysing: 14
Creating:0 7
Total = 80
Weightage (% age)
Remembering: 10
Understanding: 30
Applying: 30
Analysing: 20
Evaluating: 0
Creating: 10
Total: 100

Question Wise Break up

Type of QuestionMark per QuestionTotal No. of QuestionsTotal Marks
VSA/ Objective12020
  1. No chapter wise weightage. Care to be taken to cover all the chapters.
  2. Suitable internal variations may be made for generating various templates keeping the overall weightage to different form of questions and typology of questions same.

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