CBSE Sample Papers Class 11 Political Science 2023

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CBSE Sample Question Paper for Class 11 Political Science – in PDF

Political Science is one of the most popular subjects in the humanities stream. Although this subject demands comprehensive study but the practice of the question paper is also very much important. We provide CBSE Sample Papers for class 11 Political Science based on the new marking scheme and blueprint.  These Sample Papers are available for free download in the myCBSEguide app and website in PDF format.

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CBSE Sample Papers Class 11 Political Science 2023

Class 11 – Political Science
Sample Paper – 01 (2022-23)


Maximum Marks: 80
Time Allowed: : 3 hours


General Instructions:

  1. All questions are compulsory.
  2. Question numbers 1-12 are multiple choice questions of one mark each.
  3. Question numbers 13-18 are of 2 marks each. Answers to these questions should not exceed 50 words each.
  4. Question numbers 19-23 are of 4 marks each. Answers to these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
  5. Question numbers 24-26 are passage, cartoon and map-based questions. Answer accordingly.
  6. Question numbers 27-30 are of 6 marks each. Answers to these questions should not exceed 170 words.
  7. There is an internal choice in 6 marks questions.

  1. Political Science Model Paper Section A

  2. Article 356 of the India Constitution deals with:
    a) Financial emergency
    b) Armed conflict
    c) State emergency
    d) National emergency
  3. Campaigns take place for a period of between the announcement of the final list of candidates and the date of polling?
    a) One week
    b) Three weeks
    c) Two weeks
    d) One month
  4. Normally members raise questions of ________ during zero hours.
    a) finance
    b) money bills
    c) fundamental rights
    d) public interest
  5. Which of the following country has a Semi-Presidential Executive system?
    a) Canada
    b) Sri Lanka
    c) Japan
    d) Germany

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  6. Assertion (A): The Motilal Nehru committee had demanded a bill of rights as far back as in 1928.
    Reason (R): When India became independent and the Constitution was being prepared, bill of rights was ignored.

    a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
    b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
    c) A is true but R is false.
    d) A is false but R is true.
  7. Assertion (A): Indian secularism permits state-supported religious reform.
    Reason (R): Personal laws manifests community-specific rights.

    a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
    b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
    c) A is true but R is false.
    d) A is false but R is true.
  8. Which of the following is a political doctrine of equal rights for women and men?
    a) Feminism
    b) Gandhism
    c) Socialism
    d) Equalism
  9. The President of India can nominate to the Rajya Sabha ________ members.
    a) 6
    b) 15
    c) 12
    d) 9
  10. Which of the following elements is responsible for the promotion of Nationalism?
    a) All of these
    b) Common Race
    c) Common Language
    d) Common Motherland
  11. Arrange the following in chronological order-
    1. India emerged as an independent nation-state.
    2. Formal dissolution of the West Indies federation.
    3. USSR broke into several independent countries.
    4. Federation of West Indies came into being.
    a) a, d, b, c
    b) b, c, d, a
    c) a, b, d, c
    d) c, d, a, b
  12. Which of the following is the best description of Fundamental Rights?
    a) The rights given and protected by the Constitution.
    b) All the rights an individual should have.
    c) All the rights given to the citizens by law.
    d) The rights given by the Constitution that cannot ever be restricted.
  13. Agrarian reforms introduced in India aimed at
    a) Complete elimination of unequal relations in agriculture
    b) Elimination of property rights for women
    c) Regulate tribal access to forests
    d) Mitigating regional disparities
  14. Political Science Model Paper Section B

  15. What do you mean by ‘Democratic’ with special reference to India?
  16. Which state of India had a separate Constitution?
  17. Mention the classification of the Council of Ministers.
  18. What is the difference between equality and uniformity?
  19. What are political dimensions of justice?
  20. What do you understand by the right to national self-determination? How has this idea resulted in both formation of and challenges to nation-states?
  21. Political Science Model Paper Section C

  22. Write a short note on Adult Franchise in India.
  23. Describe the Appellate Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.
  24. Define the term Duty. Mention any two legal and two moral duties.
  25. The following are some proposals for making the Parliament more effective. State if you agree or disagree with each of them and give your reasons. Explain what would be the effect if these suggestions were accepted.
    1. Parliament should work for a longer period.
    2. Attendance should be made compulsory for members of the Parliament.
    3. Speakers should be empowered to penalize members for interrupting the proceedings of the House.
  26. How does government as an important institution of politics influence our daily life both ways-useful as well as very harmful?
  27. Political Science Model Paper Section D

  28. Read the text carefully and answer the questions:
    No citizen can be denied his or her life except by procedure as laid down under the law. Similarly, no one can be denied his/her personal liberty. That means no one can be arrested without being told the grounds for such an arrest. If arrested, the person has the right to defend himself by a lawyer of his choice. Also, it is mandatory for the police to take that person to the nearest magistrate within 24 hours. The magistrate, who is not part of the police, will decide whether the arrest is justified or not. This right is not just confined to a guarantee against taking away of an individual’s life but has wider application. Various judgments of Supreme Court have expanded the scope of this right. The Supreme Court has ruled that this right also includes right to live with human dignity, free from exploitation. The court has held that right to shelter and livelihood is also included in the right to life because no person can live without the means of living, that is, the means of livelihood.

    1. It is a fundamental right of a person to appear before the __________ within 24 hours after being arrested.
      a) Supreme Court
      b) High Court
      c) Relatives
      d) Magistrate
    2. The Right to Life and Personal Liberty is assured by the Indian Constitution under ________.
      a) Article 21
      b) Article 22
      c) Article 23
      d) Article 24
    3. Ramlal is a law-abiding citizen who has never been in trouble with the law. So, when he was suddenly detained by the police without being told the grounds for his arrest, he was understandably alarmed. As a lawyer, help Ramlal to decide what options are available to him?
      a) Right to get the guarantee of release
      b) All of these
      c) Right to get the equal remuneration
      d) Right to defend himself by a lawyer
    4. Tick the odd one out with respect to Right to life.
      a) Right to move courts to issue writs
      b) Right to livelihood
      c) Right to shelter
      d) Right to free from exploitation
  29. In the given outline political map of India, four states have been marked as (A) (B) (C) and (D). Identify these states on the basis of the information given below and write their correct names in your answer book, along with their respective serial number of the information used and the concerned alphabets as per the following format:-
    1. The latest state of the Indian Union.
    2. A state where an organization of Dalit Panthers was formed.
    3. The state where the Narmada Sagar dam has been constructed.
    4. The state where the Anandpur Sahib resolution has been signed.

  30. Look at the given cartoon. Read the following statement and question. Answer as per requirement:

    1. The people shown in the cartoon represent different ________ groups of the country.
      1. religious
      2. ethnic
      3. tribal
      4. social
    2. Formation of the constitution of which country saw a lot of conflict in the country?
      1. Iran
      2. Oman
      3. Iraq
      4. Syria
    3. Which country gave citizenship on the basis of ethnicity?
      1. Germany
      2. France
      3. South Africa
      4. Russia
    4. Most modern constitutions create a form of government that is ________ in some respects, most claim to protect certain basic rights.
      1. secular
      2. liberal
      3. republic
      4. democratic

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  31. Political Science Model Paper Section E

  32. What are the different ways for acquiring citizenship?

    OR

    How is a nation different from other forms of collective belongings?

  33. What is the difference between the negative and positive conception of liberty?

    OR

    What is the relationship between liberty and equality?

  34. Distinguish between Gram Panchayat and Gram Sabha. What are the functions of Gram Panchayat?

    OR

    Indian Constitution is federal in form but unitary in spirit. Comment.

  35. Mention the constitutional provisions in India to promote secularism.

    OR

    Politics work as a pursuit of the common good of people. Justify the statement.

Class 11 – Political Science Sample Paper – 01 (2022-23)


Solution

  1. Political Science Model Paper Solution Section A

  2. (c) State emergency
    Explanation: State emergency
  3. (c) Two weeks
    Explanation: Two weeks
  4. (d) public interest
    Explanation: During Zero Hour the members raise the questions of earnest necessity and the need for urgent action regarding public interest.
  5. (b) Sri Lanka
    Explanation: In 1978, the constitution of Sri Lanka was amended and the system of Executive Presidency was introduced. Under the system of Executive Presidency, people directly elect the President. It may happen that both the President and the Prime Minister belong to the same political party or to different political parties.
  6. (c) A is true but R is false.
    Explanation: A is true but R is false.
  7. (b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
    Explanation: Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
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  8. (a) Feminism
    Explanation: Feminism is a political doctrine of equal rights for women and men. Feminists are those men and women who believe that many of the inequalities we see in society between men and women are neither natural nor necessary and can be altered so that both women and men can lead-free and equal lives.
  9. (c) 12
    Explanation: 12
  10. (a) All of these
    Explanation: All of these
  11. (a) a, d, b, c
    Explanation: India emerged as an independent nation-state in 1947.
    In 1958, the federation of West Indies came into being.
    Formal dissolution of the West Indies federation in 1962.
    In 1989 USSR broke into several independent countries.
  12. (a) The rights given and protected by the Constitution.
    Explanation: The rights given and protected by the Constitution.
  13. (a) Complete elimination of unequal relations in agriculture
    Explanation: It aimed at the complete elimination of unequal relations in agriculture.
  14. Political Science Model Paper Solution Section B

  15. The word, democratic denotes that we (the people of India) have chosen democracy as a way of life and we will go ourselves through democratic institutions(such as the legislature, responsible executive, free and fair judiciary, etc.). ‘Democratic’ word in Preamble refers to social and economic democracy except for political democracy.
  16. Jammu and Kashmir.
  17. The classification of the Council of Ministers are:
    1. Cabinet Ministers are independent heads of their respective departments.
    2. State Ministers assist the Cabinet Ministers and they are sometimes given independent charge of some portfolios.
    3. Deputy Ministers do not have any independent department but assist either to Cabinet or State Ministers.
  18. Equality refers to a common identity of rewards and treatment as well. But uniformity refers to put each and every individual at one stage which is against the law of nature because men are unequal naturally, i.e. a mathematician cannot be placed to manual work as a mason.
  19. Political justice refers to the use of the judicial process for the purpose of gaining (or upholding or enlarging) or limiting (or destroying) political power or influence. People enjoy the universal adult franchise. Government influences serve the interests of all people. People enjoy the opportunities to put pressure on the government.
  20. The basic right implies that each state has a right to exist independently without interference from other states and sovereignty of the state would be respected by all.
    Every state exercises the right to develop its own political, social, economic spheres as well as its own art, culture, and literature and should have a right to adopt any language as the medium of expression. Each state exercises the right to preserve what it considers worth-preserving. Each tradition has some historical background and represents the soul of the nation.
  21. Political Science Model Paper Solution Section C

  22. According to Article 326 of the Indian Constitution, the elections to the House of the People and the Legislative Assembly of every State shall be on the basis of adult suffrage. In India, Universal Adult Franchise was introduced and followed in1950. Every person, both male and female, who is a citizen of India and is not less than 18 years is entitled to enjoy the right to vote in elections. A citizen of India of eighteen years who is otherwise disqualified on the grounds of non-residence, insanity, corrupt practice, is not entitled to be registered as a voter.
  23. Supreme Court is the highest court of appeal in the country. It hears appeals against some decisions of the High Courts in three types of cases:
    1. In civil case: An appeal can be made in the Supreme Court if the High Court certifies that a substantial question regarding the interpretation of a law is involved.
    2. Criminal: An appeal against the decision of any court can be made in the Supreme Court.
    3. Constitutional: In constitutional cases, an appeal can be made in the Supreme Court if the High Court certifies that the case involves a substantial question of law as to the interpretation of the constitution.
  24. A duty is an obligation. It is something that one is expected or required to do by moral or legal obligation. It is such an obligation by virtue of which we are bound to do something or refrain from doing so because another person has the right to expect some action from us. A duty, therefore, has both positive and negative aspects.
    Legal Duties: An individual is legally bound to perform legal duties.

    1. Allegiance: Every citizen has allegiance to the state to which he belongs. He must defend the state against all enemies and dangers.
    2. Obedience: Every citizen has the supreme duty of obeying the law.
    3. Payment of Taxes: It is the duty of the citizen to pay taxes that are legally imposed on him. The state has the right to tax its citizens who should pay all these taxes without any hesitation.

    Moral Duties: Citizens are not legally bound to perform these duties.

    1. Good Moral Character: A citizen must have a good moral character. Like lending a helping hand to the poor and down-trodden. Vacate the seat marked for senior citizens and women in public transport.
    2.  Promote a spirit of patriotism: Respecting the National Flag and National Anthem is one of the moral duties of the citizens.
    1. We agree that Parliament should work for a longer period. The sessions of Parliament should be for a longer period. At present many bills are passed without thorough discussion. By increasing the time, members will get more time for discussion and public interest will be protected in a better way.
    2. We agree that attendance should be made compulsory for the members of Parliament. No member should be allowed to remain absent without the permission of the Speaker of the House. Compulsory attendance will increase the strength of the members and it will be helpful for discussion.
    3. No member should be allowed to interrupt the proceedings of the House. Interruption means wastage of time of the House. The speaker should be empowered to penalize members for interrupting the proceedings of the House.
  25. The government is an important institution of politics. What the government does is relevant because it affects the lives of the people in different ways:
    1. Governments determine our economic policy, foreign policy, and educational policy. These policies can help improve the lives of the people.
    2. If the government is inefficient or corrupt it can endanger people’s lives and security. If the government in power allows any conflicts to become violent, markets and schools are closed down there.
  26. Political Science Model Paper Solution Section D

    1. (d) Magistrate
      Explanation: Magistrate
    2. (a) Article 21
      Explanation: Article 21
    3. (d) Right to defend himself by a lawyer
      Explanation: Right to defend himself by a lawyer
    4. (a) Right to move courts to issue writs
      Explanation: Right to move courts to issue writs is a Right to Constitutional Remedies.
  27. iTelanganaB
    iiMaharashtraD
    iiiGujaratA
    ivPunjabC
    1. (b) ethnic
    2. (c) Iraq
    3. (a) Germany
    4. (d) democratic
  28. Political Science Model Paper Solution Section E

  29. The different ways of acquiring citizenship:
    1. Marriage: A foreign woman may marry an Indian man and can then acquire Indian citizenship. In Japan, the citizenship laws are entirely different. If a Japanese woman marries an Indian or any other nationality man, that man can acquire Japanese citizenship.
    2. Appointment as Government Official: If a foreigner is appointed to a government office then he/she can acquire citizenship of the country where she/he has become a government servant.
    3. Purchase of Immovable Property: In some countries, if a person is allowed to buy immovable property, for example, land or house, then he/she can acquire citizenship too.
    4. By Acquisition of Territory: If a territory becomes part of another country, then all the people of that territory acquire citizenship of the country. For example in 1961, when Goa was liberated from Portugal and became a part of India, all the people living in Goa became Indian citizens.

    OR

    Difference between other forms of collective belongings and nation:

    1. A nation is not any carnal collection of people. At the same time, it is also different from other groups or communities found in human society. A nation is not an Association of families.
    2. State and family: State is different from the family which is based on a face-to-face relationship with each member having direct personal knowledge of the identity and character of others. Family is based on kinship and family originates due to kinship. In family, all members have a direct relationship and personal knowledge about each other.
    3. Nation and tribes, clans: Nation is also different from tribes and clans and other kinship groups in which ties of marriage and descent link members to each other so that even if we do not personally know all the members we can if need be, trace the links that bind them to us. But as a member of a nation, we may never come to face to face most of our fellow nationals nor need we share ties of descent with them. Yet nations exist, are lived in and valued by their members.
  30. When we think about the negative conception of liberty, our attitude implies the absence of restraints and the right to do whatever one likes. But this is not the real meaning of liberty because in this interpretation of liberty the poor shall then always be at the mercy of the rich. Powerful shall dominate the powerless and everyone shall bow before the most powerful in the society. Liberty shall be enjoyed as long as the powerful wishes that to be enjoyed. Such a conception of liberty is now neither acceptable nor desirable. The absolute liberty must be limited by law.
    There is a positive conception of liberty as well. According to this interpretation, liberty lies in the removal of hindrances. According to Green, State should hinder upon hindrances. We are living in a society which is divided into two great halves. On the one hinder the rich and on the other the poor. Or one side are exploiter and on the other are exploited. In such a society unless there is an authority to check the actions of those who have grown strong, existence shall be difficult for those who are weak and poor. Positive liberty, therefore, implies and is meant to be understood as liberty in which adequate facilities are available for each section of the society to live and enjoy socially desirable rights. It is the freedom of not only a few rich people but for many or rather for the common masses. The liberty should be such that any individual or section of society does not stand in the progress of the others, or it may be said that liberty implies that the people have the freedom to do whatever is permissible under the laws.

    OR

    1.  Liberty and equality are complementary: 
      1. Liberty is the absence of equality is meaningless.
      2. Prof. Laski, Powny Pollard and Maciver support this view.
      3. Liberty does not mean the same work and equal wages for all the people.
    2. Liberty and equality are opposed to each other: 
      1. Liberty and equality are opposed to each other to curtail individual liberty.
      2. De Tocqueville and Lord Acton are the supporters of this view.
      3. If equality is established in actual sense, then no one will enjoy the liberty to sharpen one’s own potential.
      4. Nature has also not created each and every individual equal hence everyone differs in one’s own traits, qualities, capabilities, etc.

    It can be concluded that to enjoy them, one requires the presence of others, i.e. political liberty requires equal political status and civil liberty requires equality in the eyes of law to be treated equally. Hence economic equality is of least importance.

  31. Difference: 
    1. Gram Sabha consists of all the adult members (who has attained the age of 18 years) of a village or a cluster of villages constituting Gram Sabha, whereas Gram Panchayat is a small body, whose members are elected by the members of Gram Sabha.
    2. The term of office of Gram Panchayat is for five years whereas the Gram Sabha is a permanent body and not subject to dissolution.
    3. Gram Panchayat is an executive organ and monitors and evaluates the activities of the Gram panchayat.

    Functions: 

    1. Gram Panchayat looks after better health and life of the people to make proper civic amenities as village sanitation, drinking water, arrangements of lightening, etc.
    2. Gram Panchayat keeps the records of birth and death in the village to ensure effective implementation of family planning and family welfare programmes, i.e. animal husbandry, agricultural development, etc.
    3. Gram Panchayat is responsible for certain development functions at village level, i.e. construction of roads, irrigation, etc.

    OR

    Federal Features of Indian Constitution:

    1. Written and Rigid Constitution: The Constitution of India is written and rigid. The powers of the Central Government and State Governments, Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy have been clearly defined in the Constitution and there is very little possibility of conflict. The Constitution is rigid also since most of its provisions cannot be changed by a simple majority of Parliament. The ratification of at least fifty percent states is also required for the purpose. Thus, the Centre cannot make arbitrary changes in the Constitution.
    2. The supremacy of the Constitution: The Indian Constitution is the supreme law of the country. No individual, institution, a functionary of the government or even government can work against the provisions of the Constitution. Both the Central Government and the Governments of the states will run the administration in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution. If parliament or any state legislature passes a law in the contrivance of the provisions of the Constitution that can be declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court. That is why all the high officials of the country— President, Vice-President, Ministers, Judges of Supreme Court and High Courts—while assuming office, take an oath to abide by the Constitution and accept the supremacy of the Constitution.
    3. Division of Powers: Like other federal constitutions, the Constitution of India provides a division of powers between the Central Government and the Governments of the states. The powers are divided into three lists:
      1. Union List.
      2. State List.
      3. Concurrent List.

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  32. The constitutional provisions in India to promote secularism are:
    1. The preamble to the constitution speaks of liberty in important matters like faith, worship, and belief.
    2. Article 14 states not to deny equality before law within the territory of India.
    3. Article 15 states not to discrimination any citizen on the grounds of caste, colour, race, religion, etc. and not to deny access to public places also.
    4. Article 16 states not to discriminate among individuals on any ground in matters of public employment or to deny admission in educational institutions.
    5. Article 17 declares untouchability a punishable offence under law.
    6. Article 25 provides right to adopt, practices, profess and propogate any religion of one’s choice.
    7. Article 26 provides to have right to establish and maintain institutions for religious and charitable purposes, to manage its own affairs of religion, to own and acquire movable and immovable property and to administer it as well.
    8. Article 27 states that no person shall be compelled to pay taxes to proceed the payment of expenses for promotion and maintenance of particular religions denomination.
    9. Article 28 states that no religions instructions shall be provided in any educational institution wholly maintained by the state.
    10. Article 29 provides that the state shall not impose upon it any culture other than community’s own culture.

    OR

    Politics implies to power to make laws and to enforce them for common good:

    1. The common good is both an objective and a procedure to be followed.
    2. The common good has been evolved with the growth of democracy.
    3. The common good may be associated with the concept of the welfare state.
    4. Developing nations reflect common good in realisation of objectives for a welfare state while developed nations believe to the common good to be the efforts of the state.

    Politics as a pursuit of the common good: 

    1. Politics discovers a ‘common’ in all and promoter the spirit of ‘common-hood’ among people.
    2. Politics does not refer to class struggle but it is a class permeation.
    3. The common good serves all the people living in a society in place of individuals’ interests only.
    4. It begins with the establishment of social order and ends up in a state to serve all.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 11 2023

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