CBSE Question Paper 2018 class 12 English Elective NCERT

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CBSE Question Paper 2018 class 12 English Elective NCERT conducted by Central Board of Secondary Education, New Delhi in the month of March 2018. CBSE previous year question papers with solution are available in myCBSEguide mobile app and cbse guide website. The Best CBSE App for students and teachers is myCBSEguide which provides complete study material and practice papers to cbse schools in India and abroad.

Question Paper 2018 class 12 English Elective NCERT

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Last Year Question Paper Class 12 English Elective NCERT 2018

General Instructions:

  1. Question Nos. 1 – 4 are compulsory.
  2. Attempt either question 5 or 6.
  3. Your answers should be to the point. Stick to the given word limit.

SECTION A — (Reading) 20

  1. (A) Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow: 12
    1. So convinced was Pease by Stephenson’s faith in the potential of the steam engine that he exclaimed, ‘‘If the railway is established and succeeds in conveying not only goods but also passengers, we shall have the whole of Yorkshire and next the whole of the United Kingdom, travelling in railways.’’ He might well have added — ‘the whole of the civilized world’ as a railway writer put it.
    2. Stephenson had with him his 18-year-old son Robert to help him. It is interesting to recall that Robert Stephenson was later associated with the first railway in India which linked Bombay to Thane and opened on April 16, 1853.
    3. The Stockton and Darlington line was so steep that trains had to be pulled by stationary steam engines. The remaining 32 km stretch was operated by locomotive (for freight) and horse (for passenger services). The work of cutting passage through rocks and building bridges was indeed very difficult considering that there were no bulldozers in those days and everything had to be done manually.
    4. A vital decision was to use iron rails or T-sections, almost identical to those used everywhere today. Thus iron rails displaced wooden rails.
    5. Simultaneously Stephenson also built his famed steam engine called ‘Locomotion’, which had the honour of pulling the first train on the opening day. It had only four wheels driven by piston rods connected by beams. Its big funnel looked like a factory chimney. This engine ceased working in 1846 but is still carefully preserved in Darlington.
    6. The ‘grand opening’ on September 27, 1825, began sensationally. As the engine let forth a sudden burst of steam, the crowds panicked: they thought the monster would blow up! But Stephenson remained calm. He merely smiled and opened the regulator. The 21-truck train carrying 600 people against a seating capacity of 300, steamed on to Stockton to the cheers of some 40,000 people who had gathered all along the track.
    7. Guns fired salutes, church bells pealed and the bands played the national anthem. Needless to say, the line proved successful, both commercially and technically. This inspired the merchants of Manchester to promote their own line to the sea. Thus the second public line from Liverpool to Manchester was opened in 1830.
    8. Actually, it is the Liverpool and Manchester Railway that is regarded as marking the beginning of the Railway Age because it brought to public attention the possibilities of inter-city steam-hauled rail transport. This line was also established by Stephenson.
    9. However, his difficulties were not yet over. There were those who preferred to run trains by pulling, which had to be done by a number of stationary steam engines. It was only the Rainhill Locomotive Trial, held on October 8, 1829, that finally settled this question in favour of the steam locomotive.
    10. Four engines designed by different engineers entered the trial which attracted large crowds from far and near. It was Stephenson’s engine, the ‘Rocket’, which performed all the tasks successfully and won the prize of 500 pounds sterling.
      1. What was Pease’s dream if Stephenson’s railway engine were to succeed in his mission?
      2. Whose help did Stephenson rely on for the success of his project?
      3. What difficulty did the line between Stockton and Darlington face and how was it overcome?
      4. What made the task of cutting passage through rocks and building bridges difficult?
      5. What name did Stephenson give to his famed steam engine for pulling his first train?
      6. What vital decision was taken about the wooden rails?
      7. How did the assembled crowd react at the grand opening ceremony?
      8. How was the first steam engine cheered?
      9. Which class of people was inspired by the technical success of the steam engine?
      10. What is the significance of October 8, 1829?
      11. Identify the words in the passage which have the following meanings:
        1. rising or falling at a sharp angle (para 3)
        2. done with hands (para 3)

      Ans. COMPREHENSION PASSAGE
      NOTE: No mark(s) should be deducted for mistakes in usage and grammar, spelling, or word limit. Full marks may be awarded if a student has been able to identify the core ideas. If a student literally lifts a portion of the given passage as an answer to a question, no mark(s) to be deducted for this as long as it is relevant. [12 marks]

      1. the railway engine would be able to transport not only goods but passengers also; the whole of Yorkshire & the whole of United Kingdom would be traveling in railways.
      2. his 18 years old son, Robert
      3. – the line between Stockton and Darlington was very steep
        – problem was overcome by the trains being pulled by stationary steam engines.
      4. as there were no bulldozers in those days; everything had to be done manually
      5. Locomotion
      6. replacing/ displacing wooden rails with iron rails or T- sections.
      7. the crowd panicked; thought the monster would blow up.
      8. the engine was cheered by some 40 thousand people gathered all along the track /guns fired salutes/ church bells pealed / bands played the national anthem.
      9. merchants; promoted their own line to sea
      10. the Rainhill Locomotive Trial held which settled question of pulling trains in favour of steam locomotive/ Stephenson’s engine; Rocket won him prize of 500 pounds sterling.
      11. i) steep ii) manually

(B) Read the poem given below and answer the questions that follow: [8]
The woman was old and ragged and gray
And bent with the chill of the Winter’s day.
The street was wet with a recent snow
And the woman’s feet were aged and slow.
She stood at the crossing and waited long,
Alone, uncared for, amid the throng
Of human beings who passed her by
Nor heeded the glance of her anxious eyes.
Down the street, with laughter and shout,
Glad in the freedom of ‘‘school let out,’’
Came the boys like a flock of sheep,

Hailing the snow piled white and deep.
Past the woman so old and gray
Hastened the children on their way.
Nor offered a helping hand to her ̶
So meek, so timid, afraid to stir
Lest the carriage wheels or the horses’ feet
Should crowd her down in the slippery street.
At last, came one of the merry troop,
The gayest laddie of all the group;

He paused beside her and whispered low,
‘‘I’ll help you cross if you wish to go.’’28 6
Her aged hand on his strong young arm
She placed, and so, without hurt or harm,
He guided the trembling feet along,
Proud that his own were firm and strong.
Then back again to his friends, he went,
His young heart happy and well content.
‘‘She’s somebody’s mother, boys, you know,
For all, she’s aged and poor and slow,
‘‘And I hope some fellow will lend a hand
To help my mother, you understand,…’’

  1. How did the woman look?
  2. Why did the woman walk slowly?
  3. Why did she wait for long at the crossing?
  4. Why were the passers-by reluctant to offer her a helping hand?
  5. Who among the crowd offered to help her and what did he say to her?
  6. Why did the young boy lend a helping hand to the old woman?
  7. Identify the words in the poem which mean the following:
    1. walked/moved quickly
    2. spoke very softly

Ans. OBJECTIVE: Interpretation and appreciation of an unseen poem
COMPREHENSION PASSAGE
NOTE: No mark(s) should be deducted for mistakes in usage and grammar, spelling, or word limit. Full marks may be awarded if a student has been able to identify the core ideas. If a student literally lifts a portion of the given passage as an answer to a question, no mark(s) to be deducted for this as long as it is relevant. [8 marks]

  1. ragged, old, grey, bent (any two)
  2. street wet with recent snow/being aged she was afraid to walk on the slippery surface/the woman’s feet were trembling and slow.
  3. nobody offered her help to cross the crowded street/ She was alone and uncared for and nobody paid heed to her begging glance.
  4. were insensitive/indifferent/apathetic to her plight or condition / were not impressed by her ragged appearance.
  5. -the happiest boy or gayest laddie of the group.
    -He offered to help her cross the road if she wished. / He said, “I’ll help you cross if you wish to go.”
  6. He hoped someone would lend a helping hand to his mother in a similar situation. / He thought she was somebody’s mother who should be helped.
  7. i) Hastened ii) Whispered

SECTION B — (Writing Skills and Grammar) 30

    1. (i) Prepare a speech in 80 – 120 words on the topic, ‘‘Female education would lead to removal of many social evils from society.’’ You are Laxman/Lata. [5] (ii) Lack of physical exercise leads to several ailments. Write an article in 80 – 120 words on, ‘‘The benefits of physical and yogic exercises will lead the nation to progress and prosperity.’’ You are Amar/Amrita. 5
    2. Skill development is the key to getting a job. As a career counsellor, write an article in 150 – 200 words on, ‘‘Need to promote skill development among students.’’ You are Inder/Indira. [10]OR‘‘Participation in extra-curricular activities should be made compulsory in schools.’’ Write a debate in 150 – 200 words either for or against the motion. You are Rakesh/Reena.

    Ans.Objective: To test the ability to think logically and express oneself clearly.
    (a) (i) SPEECH WRITING
    Word limit: 80-120 words
    – Greeting and thanking
    – Content and logical development of thought
    – Expression and style
    TOPIC: Female Education would lead to removal of many social evils from society.
    Suggested value points

    • Eradicate/curb/ remove the following social evils
      – domestic violence
      – dowry
      – child marriage
      – sati
      – female foeticide
      – female infanticide
      – any other social evil
      (minimum two)
    • Benefits/Result
      – women empowerment
      – awareness of rights
      – freedom from exploitation
      – gender equality
      – financial security
      – economic advancement
      – rise in prestige in society & family
      – better quality of life
      – healthy lifestyle
      – any other relevant point
      (minimum three)

    (ii) ARTICLE WRITING
    Word limit: 80-120 words
    – Format(Title and Writer’s name) [1 mark] – Content and logical development of thoughts/ ideas [3 marks] – Expression and style [1 mark] TOPIC– The Benefits of physical and yogic exercise will lead the nation to progress and prosperity
    Suggested value points

    • healthy citizens/healthy workforce leads to increase in productivity and efficiency.
    • sustainable development
    • healthy citizens are active contributors to nation’s development & prosperity.
    • removing lifestyle disorders/diseases, stress, anxiety.
    • less dependence on medicines
    • cheap/ economical way of achieving good physical, mental health
    • reduction in health care budget outlay of government
    • more monetary allocation for development initiatives
    • higher happiness quotient, fewer conflicts leading to prosperity
    • reduces chances of exploitation by entities like pharmaceutical industry/money lenders/hospitals etc.
    • any other relevant point (minimum four)

    (b) (i) ARTICLE WRITING
    Word limit: 150-200 words
    – Format: Title and Name
    – Content
    – Expression
    Grammatical accuracy, appropriate words, and correct spelling
    Coherence and relevance of ideas and appropriate style
    Topic: Need to promote skill development among students
    Suggested value points

    • empowers students with vocational and soft skills
    • will increase employment prospects of students/job opportunities
    • increases opportunities of self-employment.
    • reduces poverty and unemployment
    • improves socio-economic status of people and society
    • skilled workforce will lead to sustainable and balanced growth of the nation
    • decreases crime in society
    • provides job security
    • any other relevant point/points
      (minimum four)

OR

(ii) Debate
Word limit: 150-200 words
– Format: Greeting and thanking, introduction
– Content
– Expression
Grammatical accuracy, appropriate words, and correct spelling
Coherence and relevance of ideas and appropriate style
TOPIC- “Participation in extra-curricular activities should be made compulsory in schools”
Suggested value points
FOR THE MOTION

  • immense physical & mental benefits
  • holistic development of child personality
  • increase in skill development
  • practically prepares students for future life
  • identification & development of talent
  • constructive channelizing of energy
  • enhances self-confidence/self-esteem
  • any other relevant point
    (any four)

AGAINST THE MOTION

  • distracts students from academics
  • prevents them from single-minded focus on studies.
  • academic performance suffers
  • not affordable and sustainable
  • failure leads to stress and low self-esteem
  • restricting a person’s freedom of choice
  • should be voluntary and not mandatory/compulsory
  • any other relevant point
    (any four)
    1. The following paragraph has not been edited. There is one word missing in each line. Write the missing word along with the words that come before and after. Ensure that the word that forms your answer is underlined.
      Word beforeWord missingWord after
      Learn to sift distinguish thesiftanddistinguish
      essentials from non-essentials, (i)__________________
      the important the unimportant (ii)__________________
      the trivial details the vital facts. (iii)__________________
      Make sure the passage is (iv)__________________
      fully understood and your grasp the text is adequate (V)__________________
    2. Read the conversation given below and complete the paragraph that follows:
      Nurse : Can I help you?
      Visitor: Yes, the man who lives in the house opposite mine was admitted here this morning.
      Nurse: What’s his name?
      Visitor: I’m afraid I don’t know. But I’ll recognize him at once if I see him.
      The nurse asked the visitor if she ___(i)___ help him. The visitor replied that ___(ii)___ and added that the man who___(iii)___ in the house opposite his had been admitted there that morning. The nurse asked him the name of the patient. The visitor replied that he ___(iv)___ know and added that he would recognize him at once if he ___(v)___ him.

    Ans. OBJECTIVE: Application of grammatical skills 5 marks

    Word beforeWord missingWord after
    I)fromthenon essentials
    II)importantfromthe
    III)detailsfromthe
    IV)surethatthe
    V)graspofthe

    3 (b) Narration
    OBJECTIVE: To test the ability to report in indirect speech 1×5=5

    1. could
    2. she could
    3. lived
    4. didn’t/did not
    5. saw

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CBSE Question Paper 2018 class 12 English Elective NCERT

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