CBSE Question Paper 2018 class 12 Economics

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CBSE Question Paper 2018 class 12 Economics conducted by Central Board of Secondary Education, New Delhi in the month of March 2018. CBSE previous year question papers with solution are available in myCBSEguide mobile app and cbse guide website. The Best CBSE App for students and teachers is myCBSEguide which provides complete study material and practice papers to cbse schools in India and abroad.

CBSE Question Paper 2018 class 12 Economics

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CBSE Question Paper 2018 class 12 Economics

Class 12 Economics list of chapters

Part-1 (Macro)

  1. Introduction
  2. National income accounting
  3. Money and Banking
  4. Income Determination
  5. The Government Budget and Economy
  6. Open Economy Macroeconomics

Part-2 (Micro)

  1. Introduction
  2. Theory of consumer behaviour
  3. Production and Costs
  4. Theory of the Firm Under Perfect Competition
  5. Market Equilibrium
  6. Non Competitive Markets

CBSE Question Paper 2018 class 12 Economics

General Instructions:

  1. All questions in both the sections are compulsory.
  2. Marks for questions are indicated against each question.
  3. Question Nos. 1 – 4 and 13 – 16 are very short-answer questions carrying 1 mark each. They are required to be answered in one sentence each.
  4. Question Nos. 5 – 6 and 17 – 18 are short-answer questions carrying 3 marks each. Answers to them should normally not exceed 60 words each.
  5. Question Nos. 7 – 9 and 19 – 21 are also short-answer questions carrying 4 marks each. Answers to them should normally not exceed 70 words each.
  6. Question Nos. 10 – 12 and 22 – 24 are long-answer questions carrying 6 marks each. Answers to them should normally not exceed 100 words each.
  7. Answers should be brief and to the point and the above word limits should be adhered to as far as possible.


  1. State one example of positive economics.
  2. Define fixed cost.
  3. When the Average Product (AP) is maximum, the Marginal Product (MP) is: (Choose the correct alternative)
    1. Equal to AP
    2. Less than AP
    3. More than AP
    4. Can be any one of the above
  4. When the total fixed cost of producing 100 units is ₹ 30 and the average variable cost ₹ 3, total cost is : (Choose the correct alternative)
    1. ₹ 3
    2. ₹ 30
    3. ₹ 270
    4. ₹ 330
  5. Explain the central problem of ‘‘for whom to produce’’.


    Explain the central problem of ‘‘choice of technique’’.

  6. What is meant by inelastic demand? Compare it with perfectly inelastic demand.
  7. Given the price of a good, how will a consumer decide as to how much quantity to buy of that good? Explain.


    What is Indifference Curve? State three properties of indifference curves.

  8. When the price of a commodity changes from ₹ 4 per unit to ₹ 5 per unit, its market supply rises from 100 units to 120 units. Calculate the price elasticity of supply. Is supply elastic? Give reason.
  9. What is meant by price ceiling? Explain its implications.
  10. Explain the conditions of consumer’s equilibrium using Indifference Curve Analysis.
  11. Explain the conditions of producer’s equilibrium in terms of marginal revenue and marginal cost.
  12. State three characteristics of monopolistic competition. Which of the characteristics separates it from perfect competition and why?


    Explain the implications of the following:

    1. Freedom of entry and exit of firms under perfect competition
    2. Non-price competition under oligopol


  1. Which of the following affects national income? (Choose the correct alternative)
    1. Goods and Services tax
    2. Corporation tax
    3. Subsidies
    4. None of the above
  2. Define money supply.
  3. The central bank can increase availability of credit by (Choose the correct alternative)
    1. Raising repo rate
    2. Raising reverse repo rate
    3. Buying government securities
    4. Selling government securities
  4. Why does consumption curve not start from the origin?
  5. Which among the following are final goods and which are intermediate goods? Give reasons.
    1. Milk purchased by a tea stall
    2. Bus purchased by a school
    3. Juice purchased by a student from the school canteen


    Given nominal income, how can we find real income? Explain.

  6. Define multiplier. What is the relation between marginal propensity to consume and multiplier? Calculate the marginal propensity to consume if the value of multiplier is 4.
  7. Explain the role of the Reserve Bank of India as the ‘‘lender of last resort’’.
  8. What is meant by inflationary gap? State three measures to reduce this gap.


    What is meant by aggregate demand? State its components.

  9. The value of marginal propensity to consume is 0.6 and initial income in the economy is ₹ 100 crores. Prepare a schedule showing Income, Consumption, and Saving. Also, show the equilibrium level of income by assuming autonomous investment of ₹ 80 crores.
  10. Explain the meaning of the following :
    1. Revenue deficit
    2. Fiscal deficit
    3. Primary deficit


    Explain the following objectives of government budget:

    1. Allocation of resources
    2. Reducing income inequalities
    1. Explain the impact of rise in exchange rate on national income.
    2. Explain the concept of ‘deficit’ in balance of payments
  11. Calculate (a) Net National Product at market price, and (b) Gross Domestic Product at factor cost:(₹ in crores)
    ₹ (in crores)
    Rent and interest6,000
    Wages and salaries1,800
    Undistributed profit400
    Net indirect taxes100
    Corporation tax120
    Net factor income to abroad70
    Consumption of fixed capital50
    Social security contribution by employers200
    Mixed income1,000

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Last Year Question Paper Class 12 Economics 2018

Download class 12 Economics question paper with solution from best CBSE App the myCBSEguide. CBSE class 12 Economics question paper 2018 in PDF format with solution will help you to understand the latest question paper pattern and marking scheme of the CBSE board examination. You will get to know the difficulty level of the question paper.

Previous Year Question Paper for class 12 in PDF

CBSE question papers 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 209, 2008, 2007, 2006, 2005 and so on for all the subjects are available under this download link. Practicing real question paper certainly helps students to get confidence and improve performance in weak areas.

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