CBSE Question Paper 2012 class 12 Biology

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CBSE Question Paper 2012 class 12 Biology conducted by Central Board of Secondary Education, New Delhi in the month of March 2012. CBSE previous year question papers with solution are available in myCBSEguide mobile app and cbse guide website. The Best CBSE App for students and teachers is myCBSEguide which provides complete study material and practice papers to cbse schools in India and abroad.

CBSE Question Paper 2012 class 12 Biology 

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CBSE Question Paper 2012 class 12 Biology

Class 12 Biology list of chapters

  1. Reproduction in Organisms
  2. Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
  3. Human Reproduction
  4. Reproductive Health
  5. Principles of Inheritance and Variation
  6. Molecular Basis of Inheritance
  7. Evolution
  8. Human Health and Disease
  9. Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
  10. Microbes in Human Welfare
  11. Biotechnology Principles and Processes
  12. Biotechnology and its Applications
  13. Organisms and Populations
  14. Ecosystem
  15. Biodiversity and Conservation
  16. Environmental Issues

CBSE Question Paper 2012 class 12 Biology

General Instructions:

  1. All questions are compulsory
  2. This question paper consist of section A, B, C and D. A contain 8 questions of one mark each, section B is of 10 questions of two marks each, section C is of 9 questions of three marks each and section D is of 3 questions of five marks each.
  3. There is no overall choice. however, an internal choice has been provided in one question of 2 marks., one question of 3 marks and two questions of 5 marks weight age. a student has to attempt only one of the alternatives is such questions.
  4. Whenever necessary, the diagram draw should be neat and properly labeled.


Q.1. Why banana is considered a good example of parthenocarpy?

Q.2. State two different roles of spleen in the human body

Q.3 A garden pea plant produced axial white flowers. Another of the same species produced terminal violet flowers. Identify the dominant traits.

Q.4 Why is it desirable to use unleaded petrol in vehicles fitted with catalytic converters?

Q.5 Where is acrosome present in humans? Write its function.

Q.6 Write the name of the following

(a) The most common species of bees suitable for apiculture

(b) An improved breed of chicken

Q.7 Comment on the similarity between the wing of a cockroach and the wing of a bird. What do you infer from the above, with reference to evolution?

Q.8 Mention the role of cyanobacteria as a biofertiliser.

Q.9 (a) Draw a neat labelled diagram of a nucleosome.

(b) Mention what enables histones to acquire a positive charge.

Q.10. State one advantage and one disadvantage of cleistogamy.

Q.11 (a) Where do the signals for parturition originate from in human?

(b) Why is it important to feed the new born babies on colostrum?

Q.12 (a) A recombinant vector with a gene of interest inserted within the gene of α-galactosidase enzyme, is introduced into a bacterium. Explain the method that would help in selection of recombinant colonies from non-recombinant ones.

(b) Why is this method or selection referred to as “insertional inactivation”?

Q.13 Explain brood parasitism with the help of an example.

Q.14 Give reasons for the following

a) The human testes are located outside the abdominal cavity.

b) Some organisms like honey-bees are called parthenogenetic animals.

Q.15 Name the plant source of ganja. How does it affect the body of the abuser?


Name the two special types of lymphocytes in humans. How do they differ in their roles in immune response?

Q.16 (a) Mention the cause and the body system affected by ADA deficiency in humans.

(b) Name the vector used for transferring ADA.DNA into the recipient cells in humans. Name the recipient cells.

Q.17 How did Ahmed Khan, plastic sacks manufacturer from Bangalore, solve the ever-increasing problem of accumulating plastic waste?

Q.18 Name the bacterium that causes typhoid. Mention two diagnostic symptoms. How is this disease transmitted to others?

Q.19 (a) Explain the phenomena of multiple alllism and co-dominance taking ABO blood group as an example.

(b) What is the phenotype of the following
(i) IAi (ii) ii

Q.20 How does industrial melanism support Darwin’s theory of Natural Selection? Explain.

Q.21 (a) What is the programme called that is involved in improving success rate of production of desired hybrid and herd size of catfie 7

(b) Explain the method used for carrying this programme for cows.

Q.22 Explain the function or each of the following:

(a) Coleorhizae

(b) Umbilical cord

(c) Germ pores

Q.23 How is the amplification of a gene sample of interest carried out using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)?

Q.24 Trace the life-cycle of malarial parasite in the human body when bitten by an infected female Anopheles.

Q.25 List the salient features of double helix structure of DNA.


How are the structural genes activated in the lac operon in E. coil?

Q.26 Alien species are highly invasive and are a threat to indigenous species. Substantiate this statement with any three examples.

Q.27 (a) Tobacco plants are damaged severely when infested with Meloidegyne incognitia. Name and explain the strategy that is adopted to stop this infestation.

(b) Name the vector used for introducing the nematode specific gene in tobacco plant.

Q.28 (a) Taking one example each of habitat loss and fragmentation, explain how are the two responsible for biodiversity loss.

(b) Explain two different ways of biodiversity conservation.


(a) What depletes ozone in the stratosphere? How does this affect human life?

(b) Explain biomagnification or DDT in an aquatic food chain. How does it affect the bird population?


(a) Identify the figure that illustrates corpus luteum and name the pituitary hormone that influences its formation.

(b) Specify the endocrine function of corpus luteum. How does it influence the uterus Why is it essential?

(c) What is the difference between “d” and “e”?

(d) Draw a neat labelled sketch of Graafian follicle.


(a) Why is Fertilization in an angiosperm referred to as double fertilization? Mention the ploidy of the cells involved.

(b) Draw a neat labelled sketch of L.S. of an endospermus monocot seed.

Q.30 Describe Frederick Griffith’s experiment on Streptococcus pneunnoniae. Discuss the conclusion he arrived at.


(a) Explain a monohybrid cross taking seed coat colour as a trait in Pisum sativum. Work out the cross upto F2 generation.

(b) State the laws of inheritance that can be derived from such a cross.

(c) How is the phenotypic ratio of F2 generation different in a dihybrid cross.

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Last Year Question Paper Class 12 Biology 2012

Download class 12 Biology question paper with solution from best CBSE App the myCBSEguide. CBSE class 12 Biology question paper 2012 in PDF format with solution will help you to understand the latest question paper pattern and marking scheme of the CBSE board examination. You will get to know the difficulty level of the question paper.

Previous Year Question Paper for class 12 in PDF

CBSE question papers 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007, 2006, 2005 and so on for all the subjects are available under this download link. Practicing real question paper certainly helps students to get confidence and improve performance in weak areas.

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