CBSE Question Paper 2010 class 12 Biology

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CBSE Question Paper 2010 class 12 Biology conducted by Central Board of Secondary Education, New Delhi in the month of March 2010. CBSE previous year question papers with solution are available in myCBSEguide mobile app and cbse guide website. The Best CBSE App for students and teachers is myCBSEguide which provides complete study material and practice papers to cbse schools in India and abroad.

CBSE Question Paper 2010 class 12 Biology 

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CBSE Question Paper 2010 class 12 Biology

Class 12 Biology list of chapters

  1. Reproduction in Organisms
  2. Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
  3. Human Reproduction
  4. Reproductive Health
  5. Principles of Inheritance and Variation
  6. Molecular Basis of Inheritance
  7. Evolution
  8. Human Health and Disease
  9. Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
  10. Microbes in Human Welfare
  11. Biotechnology Principles and Processes
  12. Biotechnology and its Applications
  13. Organisms and Populations
  14. Ecosystem
  15. Biodiversity and Conservation
  16. Environmental Issues

CBSE Question Paper 2010 class 12 Biology

General Instructions:

  1. All questions are compulsory
  2. This question paper consist of section A, B, C and D. A contain 8 questions of one mark each, section B is of 10 questions of two marks each, section C is of 9 questions of three marks each and section D is of 3 questions of five marks each.
  3. There is no overall choice. however, an internal choice has been provided in one question of 2 marks., one question of 3 marks and two questions of 5 marks weight age. a student has to attempt only one of the alternatives is such questions.
  4. Whenever necessary, the diagram draw should be neat and properly labeled.


1. A bilobed, dithecous anther has 100 microspore mother cells per micro-sporangium. How many male gametophytes this anther can produce?

2. Mention two functions of the codon AUG.

3. Name the scientist who disproved spontaneous generation theory.

4. What is it that prevents a child to suffer from a disease he/she is vaccinated against? Give one reason.

5. Why is the enzyme cellulase used for isolating genetic material from plant cells but not for animal cells?

6. Name a molecular diagnostic technique to detect the presence of a pathogen in its early stage of infection.

7. If 8 individuals in a laboratory population of 80 fruitflies died in a week, then what would be the death rate for population for the said period?

8. Mention one positive and one negative application of amniocentesis.


9. A moss plant produces a large number of antherozoids but relatively only a few egg cells. Why?

10. Mention the reasons for difference in ploidy of zygote and primary endosperm nucleus in an angiosperm.

11. How does an electrostatic precipitator work to remove particulate pollutants released from the thermal power plants?

12. Name the type of food chains responsible for the flow of larger fraction of energy in an aquatic and a terrestrial ecosystem respectively. Mention one difference between the two food chains.

13. How does a test-cross help in identifying the genotype of the organism? Explain.

14. Name the host and the site where the following occur in the life-cycle of a malarial parasite:
(a) Formation of gametocytes
(b) Fusion of gametocytes

15. Honey collection improves when beehives are kept in crop-fields during flowering season. Explain.


How does addition of a small amount of curd to fresh milk help formation of curd? Mention a nutritional quality that gets added to the curd.

16. Why is the introduction of genetically engineered lymphocytes into a ADA deficiency patient not a permanent cure? Suggest a possible permanent cure.

17. How does the floral pattern of Mediterranean orchid Ophrys guarantee cross-pollination?

18. In the biosphere immense biological diversity exists at all levels of biological organisation. Explain any two levels of biodiversity.


19. Draw a longitudinal section of a post – pollinated pistil showing entry of pollen tube into a mature embryo-sac. Label filiform apparatus, chalazal end, Hilum, antipodals, male gametes and secondary nucleus.


Draw a labelled sectional view of seminiferous tubule of a human male.

20. During his studies on genes in Drosophila that were sex-linked T.H. Morgan found F2F2 – population phenotypic ratios deviated from expected 9 : 3 : 3 : 1. Explain the conclusion he arrived at.

21. Describe the initiation process of transcription in bacteria.

22. Explain convergent and divergent evolution with the help of one example of each.

Divergent – Same structure evolving in different directions in different organisms.

eg. forelimbs of whales, bats, cheetah and humans/ vertebrate hearts or brains/ thorns of Bougainvillea and tendrils of cucurbita.

23. Name the type of human cell HIV attacks on its entry into the body. Explain the events that occur in the cell which further lead to cause immunodeficiency syndrome.

24. Explain the efforts which must be put in to improve health, hygiene and milk yield of cattle in a dairy farm.

25. Identify a, b, c, d, e and f in the table given below:

26. Eco RI is used to cut a segment of foreign DNA and that of a vector DNA to form a recombinant DNA. Show with the help of schematic diagrams.

(i) The set of palindronic nucleotide sequence of base pairs the Eco RI will recognise in both the DNA segments. Mark the site at which Eco RI will act and cut both the segments.

(ii) Sticky ends formed on both the segments where the two DNA segments will join later to form a recombinant DNA.

27. How does RNA interference help in developing resistance in tobacco plant against nematode infection?


28. (a) How does a chromosomal disorder differ from a Mendelian disorder?

(b) Name any two chromosomal aberration associated disorders.

(c) List the characteristics of the disorders mentioned above that help in their diagnosis.


Fitness is the end result of the ability to adapt and get selected by Nature. Explain with suitable example.

29. When and where are primary oocytes formed in a human female? Trace the development of these oocytes till ovulation (in menstrual cycle). How do gonadotropins influence this developmental process?


(a) Explain the events taking place at the time of fertilization of an ovum in a human female.

(b) Trace the development of the zygote upto its implantation in the uterus.

(c) Name and draw a labelled sectional view of the embryonic stage that gets implanted.

30. Draw and explain a logistic curve for a population of density (N) at time (t) whose’ intrinsic rate of natural increase is (r) and carrying capacity is (k).



Describe the process of decomposition of detritus under the following heads: Fragmentation; leaching; catabolism; humification and mineralization.

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Last Year Question Paper Class 12 Biology 2010

Download class 12 Biology question paper with solution from best CBSE App the myCBSEguide. CBSE class 12 Biology question paper 2010 in PDF format with solution will help you to understand the latest question paper pattern and marking scheme of the CBSE board examination. You will get to know the difficulty level of the question paper.

Previous Year Question Paper for class 12 in PDF

CBSE question papers 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007, 2006, 2005 and so on for all the subjects are available under this download link. Practicing real question paper certainly helps students to get confidence and improve performance in weak areas.

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