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CBSE Question Paper 2009 class 12 Economics

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CBSE Question Paper 2009 class 12 Economics conducted by Central Board of Secondary Education, New Delhi in the month of March 2009. CBSE previous year question papers with solution are available in myCBSEguide mobile app and cbse guide website. The Best CBSE App for students and teachers is myCBSEguide which provides complete study material and practice papers to cbse schools in India and abroad.

CBSE Question Paper 2009 class 12 Economics

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CBSE Question Paper 2009 class 12 Economics

Class 12 Economics list of chapters

Part-1 (Macro)

  1. Introduction
  2. National income accounting
  3. Money and Banking
  4. Income Determination
  5. The Government Budget and Economy
  6. Open Economy Macroeconomics

Part-2 (Micro)

  1. Introduction
  2. Theory of consumer behaviour
  3. Production and Costs
  4. Theory of the Firm Under Perfect Competition
  5. Market Equilibrium
  6. Non Competitive Markets

CBSE Question Paper 2009 class 12 Economics

General Instructions:

  • All questions in both the sections are compulsory.
  • Marks for questions are indicated against each.
  • Question No. 1-5 and 17-21 are very short answer questions carrying 1 mark for each part. They are required to be answered in o sentence each.
  • Question Nos. 6-10 and 22-26 are short answer questions carrying 3 marks each. Answer to them should not normally exceed 60 words each.
  • Question Nos. 11-13 and 27-29 are also short answer questions carrying 4 marks each. Answer to them should not normally exceed 70 words each.
  • Question Nos. 14-16 and 30-32 are long answer questions carrying 6 marks each. Answers to them should not normally exceed 100 words each.
  • Answers should be brief and to the point and the above word limits be adhered to as far as possible.


1. Give two examples of Microeconomic studies.

2. When is the demand of a commodity said to be inelastic?

3. Define fixed cost.

4. What cause a downward movement along a supply curve?

5. Define monopoly.

6. Why does an economic problem arise? Explain.


Explain the problem of ‘What to produce’.

7. Distinguish between a normal good and an inferior good. Give example in each case.

8. How is the price elasticity of demand of a commodity affected by the number of its substitutes? Explain.

9. Explain the meaning of ‘increase in supply’ and ‘increase in quantity supplied’ with the help of a schedule.

10. Why is a firm under perfect Competition a price-taker? Explain.

11. Complete the following table:

Output (Units)Average VariableTotal Cost (Rs.)Marginal Cost


Output (Units)Price (Rs.)Total RevenueMarginal Revenue

12. Commodities X and Y have equal price elasticity of supply. The supply of X rises from 400 units to 500 units due to a 20 percent rise in its price. Calculate the percentage fall in supply of Y if its price falls by 8 percent.

13. From the following schedule find out the level of output at which the producer is in equilibrium. Give reasons for your answer.

Output (Units)

Price (Rs.)

Total Cost (Rs.)






















14. Explain the cause of a rightward shift in demand curve of a commodity of an individual consumer.


Explain the condition of consumer’s equilibrium in case of (i) single commodity and (ii) two commodities. Use utility approach.

15. Giving reasons. State whether the following statement are true or false:

(i) When there are diminishing returns to a factor, total product always decreases.

(ii) Total product will increase only when marginal product increases.

(iii) when marginal revenue is zero, average revenue will be constant.

16. With the help of a diagram explain the effect of “decrease” in demand of a commodity on its equilibrium price and quantity.


17. Why is repayment of loan a capital expenditure?

18. What is meant by excess demand in Macroeconomics?

19. What can be minimum value of investment multiplier?

20. Define bank rate.

21. Define involuntary unemployment.

22. Complete the following table:



Marginal propensity to Consume

Average Propensity to Save

















23. State any three points of distinction between Central Bank and Commercial Banks.

24. How can a government budget help in reducing inequalities of income? Explain.

25. Explain the circular flow of income.


Distinguish between intermediate products and final products. Give examples.

26. List the items of the current account of balance of payments account. Also define ‘balance of trade’.

27. Explain the meaning and two merits of fixed foreign exchange rate.


Explain two sources each of demand and supply of foreign exchange.

28. State the four functions of money. Explain any one of them.

29. Distinguish between:

(i) Direct tax and indirect tax

(ii) Revenue deficit and fiscal deficit

30. How will you treat the following while estimating domestic factor income of India? Give reasons for your answer.

(i) Remittances from non-resident Indians to their families in India.

(ii) Rent paid by the embassy of Japan in India to a resident Indian.

(iii) Profits earned by branches of foreign bank in India.

31. Given consumption function C = 100 + 0.75 Y (where C = consumption expenditure and Y = national income) and investment expenditure Rs. 1000, calculate:

(i) Equilibrium level of national income.

(ii) Consumption expenditure at equilibrium level of national income.


What changes will take place to bring an economy in equilibrium if

(i) Planned saving are greater than planned investment and

(ii) Planned saving are less than planned investment.

32. Calculate “gross national product at factor cost” from the following data by

(i) income method, and (ii) expenditure method:

(Rs. In crores)

(i) Private final consumption expenditure


(ii) Net domestic capital formation


(iii) Profits


(iv) Compensation of employees


(v) Rent


(vi) Government final consumption expenditure


(vii) Consumption of fixed capital


(viii) Interest


(ix) Net current transfers from rest of the world

(-) 80

(x) Net factor income from abroad

(-) 10

(xi) Net exports

(-) 20

(xii) Net indirect taxes


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Last Year Question Paper Class 12 Economics 2009

Download class 12 Economics question paper with solution from best CBSE App the myCBSEguide. CBSE class 12 Economics question paper 2009 in PDF format with solution will help you to understand the latest question paper pattern and marking scheme of the CBSE board examination. You will get to know the difficulty level of the question paper.

Previous Year Question Paper for class 12 in PDF

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