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CBSE Question Paper 2006 class 12 Economics

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CBSE Question Paper 2006 class 12 Economics conducted by Central Board of Secondary Education, New Delhi in the month of March 2006. CBSE previous year question papers with solution are available in myCBSEguide mobile app and cbse guide website. The Best CBSE App for students and teachers is myCBSEguide which provides complete study material and practice papers to cbse schools in India and abroad.

CBSE Question Paper 2006 class 12 Economics

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CBSE Question Paper 2006 class 12 Economics

Class 12 Economics list of chapters

Part-1 (Macro)

  1. Introduction
  2. National income accounting
  3. Money and Banking
  4. Income Determination
  5. The Government Budget and Economy
  6. Open Economy Macroeconomics

Part-2 (Micro)

  1. Introduction
  2. Theory of consumer behaviour
  3. Production and Costs
  4. Theory of the Firm Under Perfect Competition
  5. Market Equilibrium
  6. Non Competitive Markets

CBSE Question Paper 2006 class 12 Economics

General Instructions:

  • All questions in both the sections are compulsory.
  • Marks for questions are indicated against each.
  • Question Nos. 1 and 13 are very short answer questions carrying 1 mark for each part. They are required to be answered in o sentence each.
  • Question Nos. 2-5 and 14-I7 are short answer questions carrying 3 marks each. Answer to them should not normally exceed 60 words each.
  • Question Nos. 6-9 and 18-21 are also short answer questions carrying 4 marks each. Answer to them should not normally exceed 70 words each.
  • Question Nos. 10-12 dad 22-24 are long answer questions carrying 6 marks each. Answers to them should not normally exceed 100 words each.
  • Answers should be brief and to the point and the above word limits be adhered to as far as possible.
  • All of the question should be answered at one place.


Q. 1. Answer the following questions:

i. When is a good called an ‘inferior good’?

ii. Define marginal cost.

iii. When is the supply of a commodity called ‘elastic’?

iv. Define marginal physical product.

Q. 2. What is meant by consumer’s equilibrium? State its condition in case of a single commodity.

Q. 3. State the ‘total expenditure method’ of measuring price elasticity of demand.

Q. 4. What is meant by returns to a factor ? State the law of diminishing returns to a factor.

Q. 5. State any three causes of a rightward shift of supply curve.

Q. 6. The price elasticity of supply of a commodity is 2. When its price falls from Rs. 10 to Rs. 8 per unit, its quantity supplied falls by 500 units. Calculate the quantity supplied at the reduced price.

Q. 7. What change in total revenue will result in

i. a decrease in marginal revenue, and

ii. an increase in marginal revenue?

Q. 8. Explain the problem of ‘what to produce’ with the help of an example.


Why does an economic problem arise? Explain the problem of ‘how to produce’.

Q. 9. Why is the average revenue curve of a firm under perfect competition parallel to x and

negatively sloped under monopoly?

Q. 10. The total fixed cost of a firm is Rs. 12. Given below is its marginal cost schedule. Calculate total cost and average variable cost for each given level of output.

Output (units)







Marginal cost (Rs.)







Q. 11. State three causes each for a rightward shift and a leftward shift of demand curve.

Q. 12. How is the equilibrium price and equilibrium quantity of a normal commodity affected by an increase in the income of its buyers? Explain with the help of a diagram.


At a given price of a commodity, there is ‘excess demand’. Is this price an equilibrium price? If not, how will the equilibrium price be reached? (Use diagram)


Q. 13. Answer the following questions:

i. Define macroeconomics.

ii. In a government budget, revenue deficit is Rs. 50,000 crores and borrowings are Rs. 75,000 crores. How much is the fiscal deficit’?

iii. When will balance of trade show a deficit?

iv. Why is the study of the problem of unemployment in India considered a macroeconomic study?

Q. 14. From the following data, calculate “gross value added at factor cost”.

(Rs. in lakhs)

i. Sales


ii. Rent


iii. Subsidies


iv. Change in stock


v. Purchase of raw materials


vi. Profits


Q. 15. Explain the meaning of investment multiplier. What can be its minimum value and why?

Q. 16. Define aggregate demand. State its components.

Q. 17. State the basis of classifying government expenditure into revenue and capital expenditure. Give an example of each.

Q. 18. Explain any one of the following functions of a central bank:

i. Currency authority, and

ii. lender of last resort.


Explain the ‘acceptance of deposits’ function of a commercial bank.

Q. 19. Giving reasons, categories the following into revenue receipts and capital receipts:

i. Recovery of loans

ii. Corporation tax

iii. Dividends on investment made by government

iv. Sale of a public sector undertaking

Q. 20. What is meant by foreign exchange rate ? Why does a rise in foreign exchange rate causes a rise in its supply?

Q. 21. Explain the ‘store of value’ function of money.

Q. 22. From the following data calculate national income by

a. income method and

b. expenditure method: (2,4)

Rs.(in Crores)

i. Private final consumption expenditure


ii. Net capital formation


iii. Change in stock


iv. Compensation of employees


v. Rent


vi. Interest


vii. Operating surplus


viii. Net indirect tax


ix. Employers’ contribution to social security schemes


x. Net exports


xi. Net factor income from abroad

(-) 20

xii. Government final consumption



xiii. Consumption of fixed capital



From the following data calculate: (3,3)

a. Private income, and

b. Personal disposable income

(Rs. in lakhs)

i. Income from domestic product accruing to the private sector


ii. Savings of non-departmental public



iii. Current transfers from government

administrative departments


iv. Savings of private corporate sector


v. Current transfers from rest of the world


vi. Net factor income from abroad

(-) 40

vii. Corporation tax


viii. Direct personal taxes


Q. 23. Draw on a diagram a straight line savings curve for an economy. From it derive the consumption curve, explaining the method of derivation. Show a point on the consumption curve at which average-propensity to consume is equal to 1.

Q. 24. Will the following factor incomes be included in domestic factor income of India? Give reasons for your answer.

i. Compensation of employees to the residents of Japan working in Indian embassy in Japan.

ii. Profits earned by a branch of foreign bank in India.

iii. Rent received by an Indian resident from Russian embassy in India.

iv. Profits earned by a branch of State Bank of India in England.

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Last Year Question Paper Class 12 Economics 2006

Download class 12 Economics question paper with solution from best CBSE App the myCBSEguide. CBSE class 12 Economics question paper 2006 in PDF format with solution will help you to understand the latest question paper pattern and marking scheme of the CBSE board examination. You will get to know the difficulty level of the question paper.

Previous Year Question Paper for class 12 in PDF

CBSE question papers 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 209, 2008, 2007, 2006, 2005 and so on for all the subjects are available under this download link. Practicing real question paper certainly helps students to get confidence and improve performance in weak areas.

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