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CBSE class 9 Work Education New Syllabus 2018-19 in PDF format for free download. Work Education for 2018 2019 class 9 CBSE is now available in myCBSEguide app. The curriculum for March 2019 exams is designed by CBSE, New Delhi as per NCERT text books for the session 2018-19.
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CBSE Class 9 Work Education
Evaluation of Work Education/Pre-vocational Education, Art Education and Physical and Health Education will be done by the schools. CBSE has developed guidelines for internal assessment in these subjects which the schools are expected to keep in view while organizing teaching and evaluation of these subjects. Following publications of the Boards are recommended for their use and reference which give outlines of syllabi and hints for evaluation:
- Work Education in Schools.
- Art Education in Schools.
- Health and Physical Education in Schools.
In the National Curriculum Framework (2005) Work Experience has been termed as Work Education and thus makes it an integral component of education. As such it would provide both knowledge and skills through well-structured and graded programmes, which would help them on their entry into the world of work. Work Education is a distinct curricular area for providing children with opportunities for participation in social and economic activities inside and outside the classroom, which would enable them to understand scientific principles and procedures involved in different types of work. The productive manual work situations were to be drawn from the area of health and hygiene, food, shelter, clothing, recreation and community service. The competencies to be developed in this field should include knowledge, understanding, practical skills and values through need based life activities. Pre-vocational courses should get a prominent place at this stage.
Work Education aims at restoring dignity and respect to all types of manual work, promoting self-reliance in meeting one’s daily needs and those of one’s family and community, increasing productivity through the development of proper work skills and values, and promoting commitment to the welfare of the society through suitable programme of social work or community service. This is a two-year syllabus for classes IX and X. It has been designed with following objectives for Students:
The major objectives of Work Education at the Secondary stage are:
- To help the students to develop essential knowledge and understanding in terms of:
- identifying needs of the self, family and community in respect of food, health and hygiene, clothing, shelter, recreation and social service;
- acquainting themselves with productive activities in the community;
- understanding facts and scientific principles involved in various forms of work;
- knowing the sources of raw materials and understand the use of tools and equipment in the production of goods and services; understanding the utility of productive work and services to the community;
- understanding the needs of a technologically advancing society in terms of productive processes and skills;
- understanding the processes of planning and organization of productive work;
- conceptualizing their role in productive situations;
- developing abilities for self-evaluation of performance and for entrepreneurship.
- To help the students to develop skills:
- for the selection, procurement, arrangement and use of tools and materials for different forms of productive work;
- to observe, and participate in work practice;
- for the application of problem-solving methods in productive work and social service situations;
- for greater productive efficiency;
- to enhance their working competence sufficiently so as to enable them to earn while they learn;
- to use their creative faculties for devising innovative methods and materials.
- To help the students to develop proper attitude and values in terms of:
- respect for manual work and regard for manual workers;
- socially desirable values such as self-reliance, helpfulness, cooperativeness, teamwork, perseverance, tolerance, etc.
- proper work ethics such as regularity, punctuality, honesty, dedication, discipline, etc.
- self-esteem through achievement in productive work and services;
- a deeper concern for the environment and a sense of belonging, responsibility and commitment for the society;
- strive for excellence.
The content of Work Education comprises of three categories, i.e.,
- Self-help Activities: A programme for the satisfaction of day-to day needs of the students and their families.
- Community Out-reach Activities: A programme for sensitization of the students towards their responsibility to satisfy the community needs.
- Pre-vocational Skill Development Activities: This is the most important programme as it is designed to prepare the students for the world of work. However, the actual selection of activities/projects/pre- vocational courses by school would depend upon the availability of natural, physical and human resources in the locality, the socioeconomic background of the community and the needs and interests of the students.
Work education is a distinct curricular area for students for participation in social, economic and welfare activities. Student gets a sense of community service and develops self-reliance. Schools should promote Work Education Activities for holistic development of the student. These activities are to be graded on a 5-point grading scale (AtoE) and will have no descriptive indicators. No upscaling of grades will be done. The grading is to be done by the concerned teacher facilitating the activity.
The total number of periods for performance of the work education activities should be approximately 120 periods for two years at the secondary stage. SECTION WISE WEIGHTAGE IN WORK EDUCATION (for One Academic Year)
|Section||Total Weightage||Total Periods|
|B||Community Outreach Activities||3||20|
|C||Pre-vocational Skill Development Activities||5||30|
|TOTAL||10 points = A grade||60 periods|
- Self-help Activities
Out of the list of activities given below for the Secondary School stage any three are to be completed in class IX.
- First aid activities like counting of pulse, taking of temperature and bandaging of wounds after cleaning them.
- Preparation of family budget and maintenance of daily household accounts.
- To be able to know and procure transport facilities from one point to another using online resources or cooperation with local authorities such as Panchayat.
- Understanding the basic traffic rules and helping traffic police in the regulation of traffic.
- Helping school authorities in organizing exhibitions, picnics, tours and excursions, school functions, etc.
- Basic cooking activities.
The total number of periods for performance of the Self-Help activities may be 20 periods for two years at the secondary stage
- Community Outreach Activities
Out of the list of activities given below choose any two activities, one is to be completed in class IX.
- Studying the nutrition and health status of people in a village/city/slum/tribal area.
- Helping in community health programmes for enhancing the nutrition, health and environmental status of the community through door-to-door contact programmes.
- Volunteer work in hospitals and fairs, during natural disasters and accident, etc.
- Activities related to sensitization towards needs of differently abled and elderly persons.
- Activities related to sensitization towards weaker sections of society.
- Participation in cleanliness drives in schools, community and neighborhood areas.
- Participation in adult literacy programme.
- Plantation and care of shady/fuel/ornamental/avenue trees.
The total number of periods for performance of the Community-Outreach activities may be 40 periods for two years at the secondary stage
- Pre-vocational Skill Development Activities
Work practice at this stage is to take the form of projects with sequential activities in respect of vocations in the production or service sectors. Intensive projects/prevocational courses in diverse need and occupational areas, to be pursued over a span of time ranging from a few months to the entire two-years duration of the Secondary stage, are clearly the answer for this requirement. Such projects/pre-vocational courses are intended to lead to intensive skill formation and proficiency in work which would be conducive to increased productivity and capacity on the part of students to engage in work which enables them to earn while they learn. This emphasis on intensive skill formation is meant to provide a pre-vocational base to the work education programme at this stage and also to serve as ground preparation for the world for those students who terminate their studies after Class X. For those who continue their education at the Senior School Stage, these pre-vocational courses will serve as preparation for vocational courses at the +2 stage.
The total number of periods for performance of the Pre-vocational Skill Development activities may be 60 periods for two years at the secondary stage
Choose any two activities of the following: one is to be completed in class IX.
Agriculture and Horticulture Skills
- Acquaintance with common fertilizers and pesticides and their application with appropriate equipment.
- Acquaintance with common pests and plant diseases and use of simple chemical and plant protection equipment.
- Raising of ﬂowers, vegetables, plants and their seedlings in nurseries.
- Repair and maintenance of equipment for horticulture and agriculture.
- Prefabrication of irrigation channels.
- Development of plants by vegetative propagation budding, grafting, cutting, layering, etc.
- Mushroom cultivation for consumption, preservation or sale.
- Post-harvest technology and safe storage of food grains.
- Making of bio fertilizers.
- Plant protection against pest and diseases.
- Soil testing and reclamation measures.
- Maintenance of farm equipment and machines.
Animal Husbandry Skills
- Milking of dairy animals and managing allied activities.
- Handling farm animals for feeding, washing or general examination.
- Raising poultry birds (1) for eggs, (2) for table purposes.
- Bee-keeping, bottling and marketing of honey.
- Silk worm rearing for sale or yarn-making.
- Fish rearing in small ponds.
Skills for Food Manufacture
- Making bakery and confectionery products.
- Food preservation making of jam, jelly, tomato ketchup, pickles.
- Projects relating to non-conventional sources of energy sun, wind, tides, biogas, etc.
- Cookery skills.
- Preparation of milk products.
Skills for Textiles.
- Tie-dyeing and screen printing as commercial ventures.
- Garment making.
- Mat and carpet weaving.
- Hand embroidery.
- Stitching and Tailoring.
- Preparation of stationery items such as files, fle boards, registers, writing pads, stamping ink, etc.
- Preparing paper out of waste paper
- Repair and maintenance of domestic electrical gadgets.
- Preparing electric extension boards for use in home/school or for sale.
- Preparation of decoration pieces of a more sophisticated nature out of plaster of paris.
- Doll making.
- Preparation of toys and other play materials for self and primary classes.
- Typewriting with adequate proficiency.
- Running a cooperative store.
- Running a book bank.
- Caning, carpentry and handling the job of as mason.
- Cycle, motorcycle and scooter preparing.
- Computer operation and maintenance
- Making of assisting devices/material for persons with special needs
Suggested Outlines of Some of the Activities
In order to enable the translation of the above activities and projects into concrete action and to ensure proper utilization of the allotted period as also optimum attainment of the intended objectives, some of the self-help and community out-reach activities have been specified further. Suitable tools and material are indicated for these activities. Tasks for the remaining activities/projects/pre-vocational courses can be worked out in similar manner.
Studying the nutrition and health status of people in a village/city slum/tribal area.
The nutrition and health status of the people reﬂects the present status and future prospects of a country. Enhancement of the nutrition and health status of the people is a first priority of the national planning for development. Study of the factors responsible for the present status of nutrition and health will lead to acquisition of facts on the basis of which proper planning for the enhancement of their status can be made.
- Adoption of a village/city slum/tribal area.
- Preliminary identification of nutritional and health problems of the community.
- Preparation of questionnaire/interview schedule to elicit background and information from family such as:
- General information: head of the family, type of family
- Composition of the family
- Meal pattern of the family
- Monthly expenditure pattern on food, clothing, housing, education, medicine, fuel, transport, saving, remittance of debt, recreation, other items.
- Details of monthly food expenditure.
- Food produced at home.
- Food given under special condition
- Methods of cooking.
- Food items stored in the home
- Food items which are considered “good” and “not-good”.
- Commonly occurring health problems:
- deficiency disease of children
- other common ailments of children
- commonly occurring ailments in the family
- measures taken to get rid of the ailments
- Environmental sanitation problem:
- procedure of disposal of wastes (solid or liquid)
- source of water supply and mode of water storage at home
- Hygienic habits followed
- Health services available
- Conduct of Survey.
- Analysis of data and preparation of reports on main findings in respect of:
- socioeconomic conditions;
- environmental sanitation problems;
- commonly prevalent health problems;
- malnutrition problems of children, mothers and the community;
- undesirable nutrition, health and sanitation practices in the community;
- practicable intervention measures to enhance the nutrition and health status.
Participating in the community health programme through door-to-door contact programmes.
Malnutrition and infection are the major causes of the precarious status of health in the developing world. Malnutrition is not only due to poverty or non-availability of food resulting from social and distributive injustice, but also due to ignorance of nutritional facts and undesirable practices. Malnutrition problems can be resolved to a great extent if judicious selection of food is made possible within economic means and the available foods are better utilized. Infectious diseases are caused mainly by the lingering existence of two fundamental problems of environmental sanitation, mainly unsafe water supply and unhygienic disposal of waste, specially human excreta. The application of modern scientific knowledge to environmental sanitation can lead to 80 per cent of the diseases being effectively controlled.
Thus, by developing desirable nutrition, health and environmental sanitation practices in the communities, health problems can be considerably resolved. This can be achieved through environment based education for all age groups of population. A door to door contact programme is the most effective way of environment based education. Without any nutrition, health and sanitation intervention, the status of nutrition, health and sanitation in the community can be enhanced through functional education by door to door contact.
- Organizing a conference, inviting the sarpanch of the village, community health worker, personnel from the Primary Health Centre, Public Health Engineer and Block Development Officer and discussing about the community health programmes being implemented in the adopted community and exploring the possibility of their participation and cooperation in the contact programme.
- Correlating the nutrition, health and sanitation problems in the adopted community identifed from previous survey (Activity 1) with the community health programmes being implemented and preparing a check-list of specific practices desirable in the community such as:-
- Gives supplementary foods to the child from the age of four months.
- Gives milk to the child in bowl and not in a bottle.
- Feeds the child several times a day. – Feeds the child even when sick.
- Immunizes the child.
- Washes vegetables before cutting.
- Makes use of surplus cooking water.
- Uses green leafy vegetables regularly.
- Uses raw vegetables/fruits/sprouted grains regularly.
- Keeps the home surroundings clean.
- Uses waste water for growing plants.
- Throws garbage in a pit
- Keeps teeth clean.
- Keeps nails trimmed and clean
- Keeps hair clean and combed.
- Keeps clothes clean.
- Defecates away from pathways, sources of water and houses.
- Washes after defecation outside and not in pond/tank/stream.
- Distributing families among members of the project team for door-to-door contact and preparing a time schedule for door-to-door contact programmes, explaining the importance of desirable practices for better nutrition, health and sanitation and recording the practices present in the family in the checklist of desirable practices.
- Discussing the problems encountered by the team members after every 3 contacts, analyzing why a particular desirable practice is not achieved, finding out possible solution to reinforce the programme.
- Consolidation the records of desirable practices on the first and last contact programme for the entire community and seeing the impact of the programme on the basis of improvement in practice percentage.
- Assessing individual performance of the project team members on the basis of their integrity and honesty and improvement in practice percentage in the families assigned to them.
First aid is the immediate and temporary care given to the victim of an accident or sudden illness. The main purpose of first aid is to preserve life, assist recovery and prevent aggravation of the condition until the availability of a doctor, or during transport to casualty home or hospital.
- Preparation and use of First Aid Kit.
- Dressing of wounds and bandaging.
- Management of simple injuries and emergencies :
- snake bites
Plantation and care of Shade/Fuel/Ornamental/Avenue trees.
Importance of trees for ecological balance of the environment. Local and exotic trees for various purposes. Factors affecting normal growth of the plants. Specific problems pertaining to certain tree species and their solution. Raising seedlings in the nursery, nursery management. Vegetative propagation of ornamental trees. Planning layout. Planting and after care.
Identification of shade/fuel/ornamental/avenue trees. • Preparation of herbaria of various trees.
- Phenological observations on vegetative growth, emergence of new shoots/leaves, ﬂowering, fruiting, etc.
- Identification of seeds, seed treatment before sowing in the nursery.
- Preparation of nursery beds for sowing the seeds.
- Raising seedlings in the nursery and nursery management.
- Vegetative propagation by cutting, layerage.
- Layout for planting.
- Digging pits for planting.
- Preparation of soil-manure mixture for filling the pits.
- Transfer of seedlings for plantation.
- Planting with the help of planting board or rope.
- Providing tree-guards/fencing for protection (made of iron bars/empty old drums/ throny twigs/bricks barbed wire/live fence, etc.)
- After care of the plants; watering, weeding, mulching, hoeing, protection against disease, pests, animals, adverse weather conditions, etc.
Preparation of Family Budget and Maintenance of Daily Household Accounts.
- Identifying importance of household accounts.
- Learning the procedure of recording transactions.
- Keeping records of expenses, vouchers, receipts, bills, etc.
- Preparing simple receipts and payment account in the register systematically and neatly.
- Comparing past receipts and payments with present receipts and payments.
- Discriminating between necessities, comforts and luxuries of different families. Preparing a list of consumable articles of the family.
- Collecting comparative prices for the required consumable articles.
- Allocating the family income on various heads.
- Preparing family budget.
- Making a comparative study of the budget of families from lower class, lower middle and middle class.
Helping school authorities in organizing:
- picnics, tours, excursions, functions.
- Helping school authorities in the organization of picnics, tours, excursions and school functions:
- planning the programme;
- forming groups for different functions such as conveyance, food, games and entertainment, collection of funds and maintenance of accounts;
- making arrangements/preparation of each activity;
- organizing/performing activities on the day of the picnic, tour/excursion, function;
- evaluation of the success of the programme/effectiveness of the activity undertaken.
- Helping school authorities in organizing exhibitions:
- planning the programme;
- collecting/making exhibits and keeping them safely;
- collecting suitable tables, boards, etc., for display;
- cleaning and decorating the exhibition hall or ground;
- displaying the exhibits on proper spots according to plan;
- doing reception duty on the day of the exhibition;
- explaining exhibits to the visitors;
- collecting the exhibits after the exhibition and restoring them to their owners/the school authorities;
- putting back the furniture, etc., in its proper place.
Participation in Adult-Literacy Programmes.
- Survey of the neighborhood and identification of adult illiterates.
- Making door-to-door visits and persuading them to join literacy classes.
- Grouping the illiterates according to their age, occupation and interests.
- Grouping students on the basis of their known capabilities and interests.
- Selecting literacy materials with the guidance and help of the teacher.
- Making spatial and physical arrangements for conducting the programme.
- Making adequate preparation for teaching, including the selection of teaching aids.
- Teaching adults in groups.
- Getting together in class and reviewing the progress of work and problems, if any.
- Correcting the teaching methods and procedures in the light of experience.
- Evaluating the progress of adult literacy and maintaining records.