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CBSE class 12 Sociology New Syllabus 2018-19

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CBSE class 12 Sociology New Syllabus 2018-19 in PDF format for free download. Sociology New syllabus for 2018 2019 class 12 CBSE is now available in myCBSEguide app. The curriculum for March 2019 exams is designed by CBSE, New Delhi as per NCERT text books for the session 2018-19.

Download CBSE class 12 Sociology New Syllabus 2018-19

CBSE class 12 Sociology New Syllabus 2018-19

Sociology is introduced as an elective subject at the senior secondary stage. The syllabus is designed to help learners to reflect on what they hear and see in the course of everyday life and develop a constructive attitude towards society in change; to equip a learner with concepts and theoretical skills for the purpose. The curriculum of Sociology at this stage should enable the learner to understand dynamics of human behaviour in all its complexities and manifestations. The learners of today need answers and explanations to satisfy the questions that arise in their minds while trying to understand social world. Therefore, there is a need to develop an analytical approach towards the social structure so that they can meaningfully participate in the process of social change. There is scope in the syllabus
not only for interactive learning, based on exercises and project work but also for teachers and students to jointly innovate new ways of learning.

  • Sociology studies society. The child’s familiarity with the society in which she /he lives in makes the study of Sociology a double edged experience. At one level Sociology studies institutions such as family and kinship, class, caste and tribe religion and region- contexts with which children are familiar of, even if differentially. For India is a society which is varied both horizontally and vertically. The effort in the books will be to grapple overtly with this both as a source of strength and as a site for interrogation.
  • Significantly the intellectual legacy of Sociology equips the discipline with a plural perspective that overtly engages with the need for defamiliarization, to unlearn and question the given. This interrogative and critical character of Sociology also makes it possible to understand both other cultures as well as relearn about one’s own culture.
  • This plural perspective makes for an inbuilt richness and openness that not too many other disciplines in practice share. From its very inception Sociology has had mutually enriching and contesting traditions of an interpretative method that openly takes into account ‘subjectivity’ and causal explanations that pay due importance to establishing causal correspondences with considerable sophistication. Not surprisingly its field work tradition also entails large scale survey methods as well as a rich ethnographic tradition. Indeed Indian sociology, in particular has bridged this distinction between what has often been seen as distinct approaches of Sociology and social anthropology. The syllabus provides ample opportunity to make the child familiar with the excitement of field work as well as its theoretical significance for the very discipline of Sociology.
  • The plural legacy of Sociology also enables a bird’s eye view and a worm’s eye view of the society the child lives in. This is particularly true today when the local is inextricably defined and shaped by macro global processes.
  • The syllabus proceeds with the assumption that gender as an organizing principle of society cannot be treated as an add on topic but is fundamental to the manner that all chapters shall be dealt with.
  • The chapters shall seek for a child centric approach that makes it possible to connect the lived reality of children with social structures and social processes that Sociology studies.
  • A conscious effort will be made to build into the chapters a scope for exploration of society that makes learning a process of discovery. A way towards this is to deal with sociological concepts not as givens but a product of societal actions humanly constructed and therefore open to questioning.


  • To enable learners to relate classroom teaching to their outside environment.
  • To introduce them to the basic concepts of Sociology that would enable them to observe and interpret social life.
  • To be aware of the complexity of social processes.
  • To appreciate diversity in Indian society and the world at large.
  • To build the capacity of students to understand and analyze the changes in contemporary Indian society

CBSE class 12 Sociology New Syllabus 2018-19
CLASS–XII (2018-19)

One Paper Theory: Marks 80
Unitwise Weightage: 3 hours

A.Indian Society
1. Introducing Indian Society6Non-evaluative
2. The Demographic Structure of Indian Society106
3. Social Institutions-Continuity and Change126
4. Market as a Social Institution106
5. Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion206
6. Challenges of Cultural Diversity208
7. Suggestions for Project Work16Non-evaluative
B.Change and Development in Indian Society
8. Structural Change106
9. Cultural Change126
10. The Story of Indian Democracy166
11. Change and Development in Rural Society106
12. Change and Development in Industrial Society146
13. Globalization and Social Change106
14. Mass Media and Communications146
15. Social Movements206

Practical Examination
Class – XII

40 Periods

Max. Marks: 20 Time allotted : 3 Hrs
Unitwise Weightage
A.Project (undertaken during the academic year at school level)

  1. Statement of the purpose
  2. Methodology / Technique
  3. Conclusion
10 marks
B.Viva – based on the project work02 marks
C.Research design

  1. Overall format
  2. Research Question/Hypothesis
  3. Choice of technique
  4. Detailed procedure for implementation of technique
  5. Limitations of the above technique
    B & C to be administered on the day of the external examination
08 marks
Total20 Marks
  1. INDIAN SOCIETY: 32 Marks
    1. Unit 1: Introducing Indian Society: 10 Periods
      • Colonialism, Nationalism, Class and Community
    2. Unit 2: The Demographic Structure of the Indian Society: 10 Periods
      • Theories and concepts in demography
      • Rural-Urban Linkages and Divisions
    3. Unit 3: Social Institutions: Continuity and Change: 12 Periods
      • The Caste System
      • Family and Kinship
    4. Unit 4: Market as a Social Institution: 10 Periods
      • Sociological perspectives on markets and the economy
      • Globalization – Interlinking of Local, Regional, National and International Markets
    5. Unit 5: Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion: 20 Periods
      • Caste Prejudice, Scheduled Castes and Other Backward Classes
      • Marginalization of Tribal Communities
      • The Struggle for Women’s Equality
      • The struggles of the Differently Abled
    6. Unit 6: The Challenges of Cultural Diversity: 20 Periods
      • Cultural communities and the nation state
      • Problems of Communalism, Regionalism and Casteism
      • The Nation state, religion related issues and identities
      • Communalism, secularism and the nation state
      • State and Civil Society
    7. Unit 7: Suggestions for Project Work: 16 Periods
    1. Unit 8: Structural Change: 10 Periods
      • Colonialism, Industrialization, Urbanization
    2. Unit 9: Cultural Change: 12 Periods
      • Modernization, Westernization, Sanskritisation, Secularization
      • Social Reform Movements and Laws
    3. Unit 10: The Story of Indian Democracy: 16 Periods
      • The Constitution as an instrument of Social Change
      • Panchayati Raj and the Challenges of Social Transformation
      • Parties, Pressure Groups and Democratic Politics
    4. Unit 11: Change and Development in Rural Society: 10 Periods
      • Land Reforms, Green Revolution and Emerging Agrarian society
      • Agrarian Structure : Caste & class in Rural India
      • Land Reforms
      • Green revolution and its social consequences
      • Transformation in Rural Society
      • Globalization, Liberalization and Rural Society
    5. Unit 12: Change and Development in Industrial Society: 14 Periods
      • From Planned Industrialization to Liberalization
      • Getting a Job
      • Work Processes
    6. Unit 13: Globalisation and Social Change: 10 Periods
      • Dimensions of Globalization
    7. Unit 14: Mass Media and Communication: 14 Periods
      • Types of Mass Media: Radio, Television and Print Media
      • Changing Nature of Mass Media
    8. Unit 15: Social Movements: 18 Periods
      • Theories and Classification of Social Movements
      • Class-Based Movements: Workers, Peasants
      • Caste-Based Movements: Dalit Movement, Backward Castes, Trends in Upper Caste Responses
      • Women’s Movements in Independent India
      • Tribal Movements
      • Environmental Movements

Prescribed Books:

  1. Introducing Sociology, Class XI, Published by NCERT
  2. Understanding Society, Class XI, Published by NCERT
  3. Indian Society, Class XII, Published by NCERT
  4. Social Change and Development in India, Class XII, published by NCERT

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