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CBSE Class 12 Legal Studies Syllabus 2023-24

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CBSE Class 12 Legal Studies Syllabus 2023-24 includes Judiciary, Arbitration, Tribunal Adjudication and Alternative Dispute Resolution, Human Rights in India, Legal Profession in India, Legal Services, International Context etc for the session 2023 – 2023. Here is the detailed syllabus. To download class 12 Legal Studies CBSE latest sample question papers for the 2023 exams, please install the myCBSEguide App which is the best mobile app for CBSE students. The myCBSEguide app not only provides you the CBSE class 12 Legal Studies model question papers but it also provides class 12 Legal Studies chapter-wise test papers, class 12 Legal Studies best revision notes and other study material for class 12 Legal Studies students.

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CBSE Class 12
Legal Studies (Code No. 074)
Syllabus (2023-24)

CBSE Class 12 Legal Studies Syllabus

(Textbook Revised in the Academic Year 2023-2024)

Unit 1Judiciary2508
Unit 2Alternative Dispute Resolution in India (ADR)2008
Unit 3Topics in Law- I (Business Laws)
Chapter 3 (A) – Law of Contract
Chapter 3 (B) – Law of Torts
Chapter 3 (C) – Law of Property
Chapter 3 (D) – Intellectual Property Law
Unit 4Topics in Law- II (General Laws)
Chapter 4 (A) – Law and Sustainable Development
Chapter 4 (B) – Forms of Legal Entities
Chapter 4 (C) – Criminal Laws in India
Unit 5Concept of Human Rights
Chapter 5 (A) – Human Rights in India
Chapter 5 (B) – Human Rights Violations-Complaint Mechanism
(Quasi-Judicial Bodies)
Unit 6International Law2008
Unit 7Legal Profession in India2008
Unit 8Legal Services1508

Theory- 80 marks (One Paper)
Internal Assessment- Project Based Assessment- 20 marks

CBSE Class 12 Legal Studies Syllabus Contents

Unit 1Judiciary
  1. Structure and Hierarchy of Courts and Legal Offices in India
  2. Constitution, Roles and Impartiality
  3. Appointments, Trainings, Retirement and Removal of Judges
  4. Tribunals
  5. Courts and Judicial Review
Unit 2Alternative Dispute Resolution in India (ADR)
  1. Adversarial and Inquisitorial Systems
  2. Meaning and scope of ADR
  3. Arbitration
  4. Mediation
  5. Conciliation
  6. Lok Adalat
  7. Ombudsman
  8. Lokpal and Lokayukta
Unit 3Topics in Law I (Business Laws)
Chapter 3ALaw of Contract
  1. Introduction to Contracts
  2. Formation of Contract
  3. Intention to Contract
  4. Consideration
  5. Capacity to Contract
  6. Consent
  7. Types of Contracts
  8. Discharge of Contract
  9. Remedies in case of breach
Chapter 3BLaw of Torts
  1. Concept of law of Torts
  2. Sources of Law of Torts
  3. Intentional Tort
  4. Defamation
  5. Negligence
  6. Strict Liability
  7. Absolute Liability
Chapter 3CLaw of Property
  1. Types of Property
  2. Who can transfer property
  3. Essential of a valid transfer
  4. Types of Transfer- Sale, Lease, Exchange, Gift
Chapter 3DIntellectual Property
  1. Meaning of Intellectual Property Law
  2. International Obligations that have shaped Indian IPR
  3. WIPO
  4. Copyright
  5. Patent
  6. Trademark
  7. Geographical Indication
  8. Design
Unit 4Topics in Law II (General Laws)
Chapter 4ALaw and Sustainable Development
  1. Introduction
  2. Initiatives under International Scenario
  3. Provisions under Indian Constitution
  4. Environment Protection Act, 1986
  5. Pollution Control Boards
Chapter 4BForms of Legal EntitiesTypes of Legal Entities in India

  1. Sole Proprietorship
  2. Partnership
  3. Limited Liability Partnership
  4. Private Limited company
  5. Public Limited Company
  6. One Person Company
Chapter 4CCriminal Laws in India
  1. Objectives of Criminal law
  2. Legislations for Criminal laws in India
  3. Distinction between Intention and Motive
  4. Stages of crime
  5. The Indian Evidence Act
  6. Admission and Confession
Unit 5Concept of Human Rights
Chapter 5AHuman Rights in India
  1. Introduction
    1. Historical Context
  2. Indian Constitutional framework on Human Rights and related Laws in India
    1. The Preamble
    2. Fundamental Rights-Part III of the Constitution
    3. Directive Principles-Part IV- Articles 36-51
    4. Fundamental Duties- Part IV (A)- Article 51 A
Chapter 5BHuman Rights Violations-Complaint Mechanism (Quasi-Judicial bodies)
  1. What are Quasi- Judicial Bodies?
  2. Various Human Rights Commissions
    1. National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)
    2. National Commission for Minorities
    3. National Commission for Women (NCW)
  1. National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
  2. National Commission for Protection of Child’s Rights (NCPCR)
Unit 6International Law
  1. Introduction
  2. Historical Evolution of International Law
  3. What is International Law?
  4. Sources of International Law
  5. International Human Rights
  6. International Law & Municipal Law
  7. International Law & India
  8. Dispute Resolution
Unit 7Legal Profession in India
  1. The Advocate Act,1961
  2. Lawyers and Professional Ethics
  3. Advertising by Lawyers
  4. Liberalization and Globalization of legal profession
  5. Women and Legal Profession
  6. Legal Education in India, USA and UK
  7. Opportunities for Law Graduates
Unit 8Legal Services
  1. Brief history of Legal services
  2. Free Legal Aid under Criminal law
  3. Legal aid by the State
  4. Legal Aid under the Indian Constitution
  5. National Legal Services Authority(NALSA)
  6. Legal Services Authority Act,1987
  7. Legal Aid in context of social justice and Human Rights

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