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CBSE class 12 Legal Studies New Syllabus 2018-19

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CBSE class 12 Legal Studies New Syllabus 2018-19 in PDF format for free download. Legal Studies New syllabus for 2018 2019 class 12 CBSE is now available in myCBSEguide app. The curriculum for March 2019 exams is designed by CBSE, New Delhi as per NCERT text books for the session 2018-19.

Download CBSE class 12 Legal Studies New Syllabus 2018-19

CBSE class 12 Legal Studies New Syllabus 2018-19

The Latin maxim ignorantia juris neminem excusat, in plain, which reads as ‘ignorance of law is not an excuse’. This is one of the age old principles followed under the Roman Law and even in our own Common

Law. If every person of discretion is to know what law is, an effort to teach law outside the remit of a professional law school may have significant social benefits.
Law is a subject which has been traditionally taught in Universities for almost eight centuries. Learning law outside the settings of a professional law school has a number of perceived benefits. Some familiarity with law enhances one’s understanding of public affairs and an awareness of one’s entitlements and duties as a citizen. It may also be helpful in eliminating some of the mistaken notions about law and some of the inveterate prejudices about law, lawyers and the legal system as such. Another advantage is that an understanding of law can undoubtedly encourage talented students to pursue a career in law – an objective which is laudable in its own right.
The pitfalls of learning law outside the settings of a professional school are rooted in two key assumptions: (1) law is too vast and complicated to be taught in a non-professional setting; (2) the lack of professional trainers and experienced teachers could lead to incorrect appreciation and understanding of law. If an understanding of law is mis-formed or ill-formed as some academicians think, it may require greater efforts to unlearn whatever was learnt earlier. Both these criticisms have attracted detailed scrutiny, but at least a few countries have introduced law at the High School level.

The experience of countries that have introduced law has been by and large optimistic. The Central Board of Secondary Education is introducing Legal Studies at the Class XI level. The proposal is to introduce one module in Class XI and a second module in Class XII.


  • To provide a background of the evolution of the Indian legal system in a short and concise form.
  • To focus on the applicability of justice, equity and good conscience and more importantly the development of Common Law system in India.
  •  To provide exposure on various systems of law such as Common Law, Civil Law, Hindu Law, Islamic Law etc.
  • To develop an understanding of the essential features of the Indian Constitution, including the role and importance of Fundamental Rights, Separation of Powers, Structure and operation of Courts, concept of precedent in judicial functioning, the process of legislation, basic principles of statutory interpretation, etc
  • To deal with principles of practical utility such as the concept of Rule of Law, principles of justice, differences between criminal and civil cases, the concept of crime and the fundamental theories of punishment, rights available to the accused at various stages of the criminal investigative process, or the key components of Human Rights, etc.
  • To understand the fundamental concept and subject matter of property, contract and tort.
  • To understand the rudimentary aspects of contract law such as formation of contract, terms and conditions, discharge, etc.
  • To enables students to form an understanding of rights and duties and various categories of liability principles which form the bedrock for an understanding of Law.

CBSE class 12 Legal Studies New Syllabus 2018-19

One Paper Time: 3 hrs.
Marks :100

2Topics in Law3515
3Arbitration, Tribunal Adjudication and Alternate Dispute Resolution3515
4Human Rights in India3515
5Legal Profession in India3515
6Legal Services3515
7International Context1010

Course Contents:

  1. Judiciary
    Constitution, Roles and Impartiality
    Structure, Hierarchy of Courts, and Legal Offices in India
    Appointments, Trainings, Retirement and Removal of Judges
    Judicial Review
35 Periods
  1. Topics in Law
    Administrative Law
35 Periods
  1.  Arbitration, Tribunal Adjudication and Alternate Dispute Resolution
    Adversarial and Inquisitorial System
    Administrative Tribunals
    Mediation and Conciliation
    Lok Adalats
    Lokpal and Lokayukt
35 Periods
  1. Human Rights in India
    Human Rights Laws – Constitution, Statutes
    Complaint Mechanisms and Human Rights Commissions
35 Periods
  1. Legal Profession in India
    History of Legal profession in India
    Role and types of functions of judges and lawyers
    Barristers, Solicitors and Advocates
    Changes Affected by Indian Advocates Act, 1961
35 Periods
  1. Legal Services
    Legal Services
35 Periods
  1. International Context
    Introduction to International Law
    Sources of International Law
    International Institutions
    International Human Rights
10 Periods

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