1. Home
  2. /
  3. CBSE
  4. /
  5. Class 12
  6. /
  7. History
  8. /
  9. CBSE Class 12 History...

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus 2023-24

myCBSEguide App

myCBSEguide App

Download the app to get CBSE Sample Papers 2023-24, NCERT Solutions (Revised), Most Important Questions, Previous Year Question Bank, Mock Tests, and Detailed Notes.

Install Now

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus 2023-24 includes Bricks, Beads and Bones, Kings, Farmers and Towns, Kinship, Caste and Class, Thinkers, Beliefs and Buildings, Through the Eyes of Travellers, An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagar etc for the session 2023 – 2024. Here is the detailed syllabus. To download class 12 History CBSE latest sample question papers for the 2024 exams, please install the myCBSEguide App which is the best mobile app for CBSE students. The myCBSEguide app not only provides you the CBSE class 12 History model question papers but it also provides class 12 History chapter-wise test papers, class 12 History best revision notes and other study material for class 12 History students.

Class 12 History Mobile App

CBSE Class 12
History (Code No. 027)
Syllabus (2023-24)


CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus Theory Paper

1Themes in Indian History Part-I6025
2Themes in Indian History Part-II6025
3Themes in Indian History Part-III6025


Themes in Indian HistoryPart-I25 Marks
Theme No.Theme TitlePeriodsMarks
1Bricks, Beads and Bones The Harappa Civilisation1525
2Kings, Farmers and Towns Early States and Economies (c.600 BCE600 CE)15
3Kingship, Caste and class Early Societies (c. 600 BCE 600 CE)15
4Thinkers, Beliefs and Buildings Cultural Developments (c. 600 BCE600 CE)15
Themes in Indian HistoryPart-II25 marks
5Through the eyes of Travellers
Perceptions of Society (c. tenth to seventeenth centuries)
6Bhakti-Sufi Traditions Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts (c. eighth to eighteenth centuries)15
7An Imperial Capital – Vijayanagar (c. fourteenth to sixteenth centuries)15
8Peasants, zamindars and the States Agrarian Society and the Mughal Empire (c. sixteenth-seventeenth centuries)15
Themes in Indian HistoryPart-III25 marks
Theme No.Theme TitlePeriodsMarks
9Colonialism and The Countryside
Exploring Official Archives
10Rebels and Raj
1857 Revolt and its Representations
11Mahatma Gandhi and the National Movement
Civil Disobedience and Beyond
12Framing of the Constitution
The Beginning of a New Era
Including Map work of the related Themes1505
Theory Total80
Project Work2520

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus COURSE CONTENT

Themes in Indian History Part-I

  1. BRICKS, BEADS AND BONES The Harappan Civilization:
    • Familiarize the learner with the early urban centers as economic and social institutions.
    • Introduce the ways in which new data can lead to a revision of existing notions of history.
    • Find the difference between an archeologist and historian who Investigate and interpret historical and contemporary sources.
  2. KINGS, FARMERS AND TOWNS: Early States and Economies (c. 600 BCE-600 CE)
    • To Familiarize the learner with major trends in the political and economic history of the subcontinent.
    • Introduce inscriptional analysis and the ways in which these have shaped the understanding of political and economic processes.
    • Critically examine the limitations of inscriptional evidence.
  3. KINSHIP, CASTE AND CLASS Early Society Societies (C. 600 BCE-600 CE) Broad overview:
    • To Familiarize the learners with issues in social history.
    • Introduce the strategies of textual analysis and their use in reconstructing social history.
    • To appraise the condition of women during Mahabharata age.
  4. THINKERS, BELIEFS AND BUILDINGS Cultural Developments (c. 600 BCE – 600 CE)
    • Discuss the major religious developments in early India.
    • Introduce strategies of visual analysis and their use in reconstructing the theories of religion.
    • Reconstructing the Mauryan administration with help of Arthasastra Indica and other sources.

Themes in Indian History Part-II

  1. THROUGH THE EYES OF TRAVELLERS Perceptions of Society (c. tenth to seventeenth century)
    • Familiarize the learner with the salient features of social histories described by the travellers.
    • Discuss how traveller’s accounts can be used as sources of social history.
    • Familiarise with the accounts of foreign travellers in order to understand the social political and economic life in the medieval period.
  2. BHAKTI –SUFI TRADITIONS Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts (c. eighth to eighteenth centuries)
    • Familiarize the learner with the religious developments.
    • Discuss ways of analysing devotional literature as source of history.
    • Understand the religious developments during medieval period.
    • Understand the religious movement in order and its impact.
  3.  AN IMPERIAL CAPITAL: VIJAYANAGARA (c. fourteenth to sixteenth centuries)
    • Acquaint the learner with the buildings monuments that were built during the time.
    • To examine the ‘excerpts or the sources more closely and discuss the ways in which architecture can be analysed to reconstruct history.
    • Analyse city planning, water management system, administration of the rulers with the help of literary accounts of foreign traveller’s and architectural evidence.
  4. PEASANTS, ZAMINDARS AND THE STATE Agrarian Society and the Mughal Empire (c. sixteenth-seventeenth centuries)
    • ​​​​​​​Engage the students to discuss the developments in agrarian relations.
    • Discuss how to supplement official documents with other sources.
    • Elaborate the agrarian changes occurred during sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
    • Explain the changes and differences in the agrarian sectors

Themes in Indian History Part-III

  1. COLONIALISM AND THE COUNTRYSIDE Exploring Official Archives
    • ​​​​​​​Discuss how colonialism affected zamindars, peasants and artisans.
    • Explain the revenue systems introduced by the British to Comprehend the problems and limits of using official sources for understanding the lives of the people.
    • Discuss about the types of records and reports maintained by the rural society
    • Understand the divergent interest of the British in the society and on the Indians.
  2. REBELS AND THE RAJ: 1857 Revolt and its Representations
    • ​​​​​​​Discuss how the events of 1857 are being interpreted.
    • Discuss how visual material can be used by historians to narrate events.
    • Understand the planning and execution of the plan.
    • Highlight the united contribution made by the Indian soldiers.
    • To acquaint the learner with significant elements of the Nationalist movement and the nature of Gandhian leadership.
    • Discuss how Gandhi was perceived by different groups.
    • Examine how historians need to read and interpret newspapers diaries and letters as a historical source.
    • Throw light on nationalism and patriotism.
  4. FRAMING THE CONSTITUTION: The Beginning of a New Era
    • ​​​​​​​Discuss how the founding ideals of the new nation state were debated and formulated.
    • Understand how such debates and discussions can be read by historians.
    • Discuss the other countries constitution and compare.
    • Explain the salient features of our constitution.

Note: This is not an exhaustive list. For reflective teaching- learning process, explicit Learning Objectives and Outcomes can be added by teachers during the course-delivery for student’s real learning

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus LIST OF MAPS

S. NoPage No.Part – I Maps
12Mature Harappan sites: Harappa, Banawali, Kalibangan, Balakot, Rakhigarhi, Dholavira, Nageshwar, Lothal, Mohenjodaro, Chanhudaro, KotDiji.
23Mahajanapada and cities: Vajji, Magadha, Kosala, Kuru, Panchala, Gandhara, Avanti, Rajgir, Ujjain, Taxila, Varanasi.
333Distribution of Ashokan inscriptions:

  • Pillar inscriptions – Sanchi, Topra, Meerut Pillar and Kaushambi.
  • Kingdom of Cholas, Cheras and Pandyas.
443Important kingdoms and towns:

  • Kushanas, Shakas, Satavahanas, Vakatakas,Guptas
  • Cities/towns: Mathura, Kanauj, Puhar, Braghukachchha, Shravasti, Rajgir, Vaishali, Varanasi, Vidisha
595Major Buddhist Sites: Nagarjunakonda, Sanchi, Amaravati, Lumbini, Bharhut, Bodh Gaya, Ajanta
S.NoPage No.Part II – Maps
6174Bidar, Golconda, Bijapur, Vijayanagar, Chandragiri, Kanchipuram, Mysore, Thanjavur, Kolar, Tirunelveli
7214Territories under Babur, Akbar and Aurangzeb:

  • Delhi, Agra, Panipat, Amber, Ajmer, Lahore, Goa.
S.NoPage No.Part III – Maps
8287Territories/cities under British Control in1857: Punjab, Sindh, Bombay, Madras Berar, Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, Surat, Calcutta, Patna, Allahabad
9260Main centres of the Revolt of 1857: Delhi, Meerut, Jhansi, Lucknow, Kanpur, Azamgarh, Calcutta, Benaras, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Agra, Awadh
10Important centres of the National Movement: Champaran, Kheda, Ahmedabad, Benaras, Amritsar, Chauri Chaura, Lahore, Bardoli, Dandi, Bombay (Quit India Resolution), Karachi


BookMCQSALASource BasedMapTotal
No of questionsMMNo of questionsMMNo of questionsMMNo of questionsMMTheoryInternal
Part I7123181425
Part II7123181425
Part III7123181425
Total7×3=216×3=183×8=243×4=121×5=5100 marks


Knowledge Remembering previously learned material by recalling facts, terms, basic concepts, and answers, Understanding demonstrating understanding of facts and ideas by organizing, translating, interpreting, giving descriptions and stating main ideas.21
Applying and Analyzing: applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules and solving the problems.2430
Formulating, Evaluating and Creating skills: Examining, making inferences and finding evidence to support generalizations; Presenting and defending opinions by making judgments about information and piling information1215
Map skills056.25

Note: Competency based questions for the examinations to be conducted in the academic year 2023-24 will be 40 percent in class XII

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus INTERNAL ASSESSMENT



History is one of the most important disciplines in school education. It is the study of the past, which helps us to understand our present and shape our future. It promotes the acquisition and understanding of historical knowledge in breath and in depth across cultures.
The course of history in senior secondary classes is to enable students to know that history is a critical discipline, a process of enquiry, a way of knowing about the past rather than just a collection of facts. The syllabus helps them to understand the process, through which a historian collects, chooses, scrutinizes and assembles different types of evidence to write history.
The syllabus in class-XI is organized around some major themes in world history. In class XII the focus shifts to a detailed study of some themes in ancient, medieval, and modern Indian history.CBSE has decided to introduce project work in history for classes XI and XII in 2013-14 as a part of regular studies in classroom, as project work gives students an opportunity to develop higher cognitive skills. It takes students to a life beyond text books and provides them a platform to refer materials, gather information, analyse it further to obtain relevant information and decide what matter to keep and hence understand how history is constructed.


Project work will help students:

  • To develop skill to gather data from a variety of sources, investigate diverse viewpoints and arrive at logical deductions.
  • To develop skill to comprehend, analyze, interpret, evaluate historical evidence, and understand the limitation of historical evidence.
  • To develop 21st century managerial skills of co-ordination, self-direction, and time management.
  • To learn to work on diverse cultures, races, religions, and lifestyles.
  • To learn through constructivism-a theory based on observation and scientific study.
  • To inculcate a spirit of inquiry and research.
  • To communicate data in the most appropriate form using a variety of techniques.
  • To provide greater opportunity for interaction and exploration.
  • To understand contemporary issues in context to our past.
  • To develop a global perspective and an international outlook.
  • To grow into caring, sensitive individuals capable of making informed, intelligent, and independent choices.
  • To develop lasting interest in history discipline.


  1. The Indus Valley Civilization-Archeological Excavations and New Perspectives
  2. The History and Legacy of Mauryan Empire
  3. “Mahabharat”- The Great Epic of India
  4. The History and Culture of the Vedic period
  5. Buddha Charita
  6. A Comprehensive History of Jainism
  7. Bhakti Movement- Multiple interpretations and commentaries.
  8. “The Mystical Dimensions of Sufism
  9. Global legacy of Gandhian ideas
  10. The Architectural Culture of the Vijayanagar Empire
  11. Life of women in the Mughal rural society
  12. Comparative Analysis of the Land Revenue Systems introduced by the Britishers in India
  13. The Revolt of 1857- Causes; Planning & Coordination; Leadership, Vision of Unity
  14. The Philosophy of Guru Nanak Dev
  15. The Vision of Kabir
  16. An insight into the Indian Constitution
  17. Comparative study of Stupas and Pillar edicts
  18. .Comparative study of Mughal and Vijayanagar architecture

(Projects are an imperative component in enhancing students learning with the related themes. In the research project, students can go beyond the textbook and explore the world of knowledge. They can conceptualize under the embedded themes. Forms of rubrics are a significant aspect and to be discussed in the classroom itself for clear understanding of concept & for assessment.)
Note: Please refer Circular No. Acad.16/2013 dated 17.04.2013 for complete guidelines
 Kindly refer to the guidelines on project work for classes XI and XII given below: – One Project to be done throughout the session, as per the existing scheme.

  1. Steps involved in the conduct of the project:
    Students may work upon the following lines as suggested:​​​​​​​

    1. Choose a Title/Topic
    2. Need of the Study, Objective of the Study
    3. Hypothesis
    4. Content -Timeline, Maps, Mind maps, Pictures, etc. (Organization of Material/Data Present Material/Data)
    5. Analysing the Material/Data for Conclusion
    6. Draw the Relevant Conclusion
    7. Bibliography
  2. Expected Checklist for the Project Work:
    1. Introduction of topic/title
    2. Identifying the causes, events, consequences and/or remedies
    3. Various stakeholders and effect on each of them
    4. Advantages and disadvantages of situations or issues identified
    5. Short-term and long-term implications of strategies suggested during research
    6. Validity, reliability, appropriateness, and relevance of data used for research work and for presentation in the project file
    7. Presentation and writing that is succinct and coherent in project file
    8. Citation of the materials referred to, in the file in footnotes, resources section, bibliography etc.
  3. Assessment of Project Work:
    1. Project Work has broadly the following phases: Synopsis/ Initiation, Data Collection, Data Analysis and Interpretation, Conclusion.
    2. The aspects of the project work to be covered by students can be assessed during the academic year.
    3. 20 marks assigned for Project Work can be divided in the following manner:PROJECT WORK: 20 Marks
      The teacher will assess the progress of the project work in the following manner

      MonthPeriodic workAssessment RubricsMarks
      April – JulyInstructions about Project Guidelines, Background reading Discussions on Theme and Selection of the Final Topic, Initiation/ SynopsisIntroduction, Statement of Purpose/Need and objectives of the study, Hypothesis/ Research Question, Review of Literature, Presentation of Evidence, Methodology, Questionnaire, Data6
      August – OctoberPlanning and organization: forming an action plan, feasibility, or baseline study, Updating/modifying the action plan, Data CollectionSignificance and relevance of the topic; challenges encountered while conducting the research.5
      November – JanuaryContent/data analysis and interpretation. Conclusion, Limitations, Suggestions, Bibliography, Annexures and overall presentation of the project.Content analysis and its relevance in the current scenario. Conclusion, Limitations, Bibliography, Annexures and Overall Presentation.5
      January – FebruaryFinal Assessment and VIVA by both Internal and External ExaminersExternal/ Internal Viva based on the project4
  4. Viva-Voce
    1. At the end, each learner will present the research work in the Project File to the External and Internal examiner.
    2. The questions should be asked from the Research Work/ Project File of the learner.
    3. The Internal Examiner should ensure that the study submitted by the learner is his/her own original work. In case of any doubt, authenticity should be checked and verified.

CBSE Sample Paper 2023-24

myCBSEguide App

Test Generator

Create question paper PDF and online tests with your own name & logo in minutes.

Create Now
myCBSEguide App


Question Bank, Mock Tests, Exam Papers, NCERT Solutions, Sample Papers, Notes

Install Now

1 thought on “CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus 2023-24”

Leave a Comment