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CBSE Class 11 Legal Studies Syllabus 2022-23

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CBSE Class 11 Legal Studies Syllabus 2022-23 includes Introduction to Political Institutions, Basic Features of The Constitution of India, Jurisprudence, Nature and Sources of Laws, Judiciary: Constitutional, Civil And Criminal Courts And Processes etc for the session 2022 – 2023. Here is the detailed syllabus. To download class 11 Legal Studies CBSE latest sample question papers for the 2023 exams, please install the myCBSEguide App which is the best mobile app for CBSE students. The myCBSEguide app not only provides you the CBSE class 11 Legal Studies model question papers but it also provides class 11 Legal Studies chapter-wise test papers, class 11 Legal Studies best revision notes and other study material for class 11 Legal Studies students.

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CBSE Class – 11
Legal Studies (Code No. 074)
Syllabus (2022-23)


1Introduction to Political Institutions4015
2Basic Features of The Constitution of India4015
3Jurisprudence, Nature and Sources of Laws4015
4Judiciary : Constitutional, Civil And Criminal Courts And Processes4020
5Family Justice System4015

Unit I Introduction to Political Institutions

1. Concept of State

  1. What is a State?
  2. The concept of State and Article 12 of the Indian Constitution
  3. What is a Government?
  4. Emergence of the State from Society
  5. Definition of State

2. Forms and Organs of Government

  1. Introduction to the Organs of Government
  2. Forms of Government
    1. Monarchy
    2. Aristocracy
    3. Dictatorship
    4. Democracy
  3. Main organs of Government and its functions
    1. General Functions of Legislature as Organ of Government
    2. General Functions of Executive as Organ of Government
    3. General Functions of Judiciary as an Organ of the Government

3. Separation of Powers

  1. Concept of Separation of Powers
  2. Historical Background and Evolution of Montesquieu’s Doctrine of Separation of Powers
    1. Montesquieu’s Doctrine of Separation of Powers
    2. Basic Features of the Doctrine Separation of Powers as Enunciated by Montesquieu
    3. Checks and Balances of Power
    4. Impact of the Doctrine
  3. Evaluation of The Doctrine of Separation of Powers
    1. Key Benefits and Advantages of The Doctrine of Separation of Powers
    2. Defects of the Doctrine
  4. Separation of Powers In Practice
    1. Separation of Powers in Britain
    2. Separation of Powers in the United States of America
    3. Separation of Powers in India

Unit 2 Basic Features of The Constitution of India

1. Salient Features of The Constitution of India

  1. Meaning of the term Constitution
  2. Definition of the term Constitution
  3. Historical Perspective of Indian Constitution
  4. Salient Features of The Constitution of India
    1. A Modern Constitution
    2. Lengthiest written Constitution
    3. Preamble to the Constitution
    4. Fundamental Rights; Directive Principles of State Policy; Fundamental Duties
    5. Constitutional Provision for Amendment of the Indian Constitution
    6. Adult Suffrage
    7. Single Citizenship
    8. Independent Judiciary
    9. Emergency Provisions
    10. Federal in form Unitary in character
    11. Division of Power- Centre- State Relations
    12. Schedules to the Constitution

Unit 3 Jurisprudence, Nature and Sources of Laws

2. Classification of Laws

  1. Classification of Law based on Subject matter
  2. Classification of Law based on Scope of Law
  3. Classification of Law based on Jurisdiction

3. Sources of Law

  1. Where does law come from?
  2. Custom as a source of Law
  3. Importance of Custom as a source of Law in India
  4. Judicial Precedent as a Source of Law
  5. Legislation as a Source of Law

4. Law Reform

  1. Need for Law Reform
  2. Law Reforms in India
  3. Recent Law Reforms in Independent India

5. Cyber Laws, Safety and Security in India

  1. Introduction
  2. Why do we need Cyber Laws
  3. What is Cyber Law?
  4. What is Cyber safety and Security?
  5. What is cyber Crime?
  6. Categories of Cyber Crime
  7. Cyber law in India
  8. Scope and Extent of The Information and Technology Act, 2000(IT Act)
  9. What was Section 66A of IT Act, 2000?

Unit 4 Judiciary : Constitutional, Civil And Criminal Courts And Processes

Judiciary: Constitutional, Civil and Criminal Courts and Processes

  1. Introduction: Establishment of the Supreme Court and High Courts
    1. Independence and Impartiality of the Supreme Court
    2. Structure and Hierarchy of the Courts in India
    3. The civil process and functioning of Civil courts
    1. Common legal terminology
    2. Types of jurisdiction
    3. Res subjudice and Res judicata in code of civil procedure 1908
    1. Types of offences
    2. Criminal investigation and First Information Report
    3. The criminal process- Investigation and prosecution
    4. Doctrine of autrefois acquit and autrefois convict
  5. Other courts in India
    1. Family Courts
    2. Administrative Tribunals

Unit 5 Family Justice System

Institutional Framework; Marriage and Divorce

  1. Nature of Family law in India
  2. Human rights and gender perspective
  3. Institutional framework- family Courts
  4. Role of women in the creation of family courts
  5. Role of lawyers and counselors in Family courts
  6. Role of counselors and gender issues
  7. Marriage and Divorce

Prevention of Violence against Women

  1. What is Domestic abuse / violence?
  2. International legal framework
  3. Laws in India on prevention of violence against women


S.no.Parameters for assessmentMarks
1Preparation and presentation of file5 marks
2Research work5 marks
3Application and understanding of legal concept5 marks
4Viva5 marks

Legal Studies

Time : 3 Hours
Max. Marks : 80

S.No.CompetenciesTotal Marks% Weightage
1Remembering and Understanding
Exhibit memory of previously learned material by recalling facts, terms, basic concepts, and answers. Demonstrate understanding of facts and ideas by organizing, comparing, translating, interpreting, giving descriptions, and stating main ideas
Solve problems to new situations by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules in a different way.
3Analysing, Evaluating and Creating:
Examine and break information into parts by identifying motives or causes. Make inferences and find evidence to support, generalizations, Present and defend opinions by making judgments about information, validity of ideas, or quality of work based on a set of criteria. Compile information together in a different way by combining elements in a new pattern or proposing alternative solutions

1. No chapter wise weightage. Care to be taken to cover all the chapters.
2. Suitable internal variations may be made for generating various templates.
There will be no overall choice in the question paper. However, 33% internal choices will be given in all the sections.

Internal Assessment
A Project based internal assessment of twenty marks will be done as indicated above.

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