Accounting for Debentures Class 12 Accountancy Practice Questions

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Accounting for Debentures Class 12 Accountancy Practice Questions. myCBSEguide has just released Chapter Wise Question Answers for class 12 Accountancy. There chapter wise Practice Questions with complete solutions are available for download in myCBSEguide website and mobile app. These test papers with solution are prepared by our team of expert teachers who are teaching grade in CBSE schools for years. There are around 4-5 set of solved Accountancy Extra questions from each and every chapter. The students will not miss any concept in these Chapter wise question that are specially designed to tackle Exam. We have taken care of every single concept given in CBSE Class 12 Accountancy syllabus and questions are framed as per the latest marking scheme and blue print issued by CBSE for class 12.

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 Accountancy Class 12 Extra Questions

Ch-8 Accounting for Debenture

  1. Raghav Limited purchased a running business from Krishna traders for a sum of ₹15,00,000 payable ₹3,00,000 by cheque and for the balance issued 9% debentures of ₹100 each at par. The assets and liabilities consisted of the following: Plant and Machinery ₹4, 00,000 Building ₹6, 00,000 Stock ₹5,00,000 Debtors ₹3, 00,000 Creditors ₹2,00,000.Calculate amount of capital reserve
    1. ₹200000
    2. ₹100000
    3. None of these
    4. ₹150000
  2. How would you show Debentures in the Balance sheet i.e. under which heading?
    1. Share Capital
    2. Reserve and Surplus
    3. Non-current Liabilities
    4. Current Liabilities
  3. The following are the types of debentures except
    1. Perpetual Debentures
    2. Equity Debentures
    3. Convertible debentures
    4. Redeemable debentures
  4. Vinod Limited redeem its 500 debentures of 100 each by purchasing these debentures at ₹94 from the open market for cancellation. Calculate the profit on cancellation of own debentures.
    1. 3,000
    2. 5000
    3. 2500
    4. 2000
  5. When does a company issue debentures as collateral security
    1. When lender does not gives additional security
    2. When lender demands additional security
    3. When lender does not demands additional security
    4. When lender gives additional security
  6. Beta Ltd issued 5,000, 9% debentures of Rs.500 each. Pass the necessary journal entries for the issue of debentures in the books of the company When debentures are issued at a premium of 25% to the vendors for machinery purchased for Rs. 6,25,000.
  7. What is meant by the purchase of own debentures?

  8. State the provisions of Companies Act, 2013 for the creation of debenture redemption reserve.

  9. What is meant by convertible debentures?

  10. State in brief, the SEBI Guidelines regarding Debenture Redemption Reserve.

  11. Animesh Ltd. issued 1,000, 12 % Debenture of 100 each in the following manner:

    1. For cash at par at Rs. 50,000 nominal value.
    2. For creditors of Rs. 45,000 against purchase of machinery at nominal value of Rs. 35,000.
    3. To S.B.I. bank against a loan of Rs. 10,000 as collateral security at nominal value of Rs. 15,000.

    Pass Journal entries.

  12. Tata Ltd issued 5,000, 10% debentures of Rs 100 each on 1st April, 2012. The issue was fully subscribed. According to the terms of issue, interest on debentures is payable half-yearly on 30th September and 31st March and tax deducted at source is 10%.
    Pass the necessary journal entries related to the debenture interest for the half-yearly ending on 31st March, 2013 and transfer of interest on debentures to statement of profit and loss.

  13. On 1st April, 2013, the following balances appeared in the books of Blue and Green Ltd.
    12% debentures (Redeemable on 31st August, 2015) (Rs.) 20,00,000
    Debenture Redemption Reserve (Rs.) 2,00,000
    The company met the requirements of the Companies Act, 2013 regarding Debenture Redemption Reserve and Debenture Redemption Investments and redeemed the debentures.
    Ignoring interest on investments pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of company.

  14. On 1st April, 2015 KK Ltd issued 500, 9% debentures, of Rs.500 each at a discount of 4%, redeemable at a premium of 5% after three years. Pass necessary journal entries for the issue of debentures and debenture interest for the year ended 31st March, 2016 assuming that interest is payable on 30th September and 31st March and the rate of tax deducted at source is 10%. The company closes its books on 31st March every year.

  15. X Ltd. Had Rs.12,00,000, 11% Debentures outstanding on 1st April, 2012. During the year, it took a loan of Rs.4 Lakh from Canara Bank for which company deposited debentures of Rs. Lakh as collateral security.

    Pass journal entries and show how these transactions will appear in Balance Sheet of the company.

Ch-8 Accounting for Debenture


    1. ₹100000, Explanation: Amount of Capital Reserve = 1,00,000
      Plant and machinery4,00,000
      To Creditors2,00,000
      To Krishna Traders15,00,000
      To Capital Reserve1,00,000 (Bal. fig.)
    1. Non-current Liabilities, Explanation: Debentures issued are shown under the heading of Non-current liabilities and sub-heading Long Term Borrowings.
    1. Equity Debentures, Explanation: There are different types of debentures except Equity Debentures.
      1. Redeemable Debentures
      2. Perpetual Debentures
      3. Convertible Debentures
      4. Coupon Rate Debentures
    1. 3,000, Explanation: Profit on cancellation of own debentures will be ₹3,000. Profit per debentures is = 100 – 94 = 6 500 Debentures×6 = 3,000
    1. When lender demands additional security, Explanation: A company issue its debentures as collateral security when lender demands for the additional security in addition to the prime or principal security.
  1. Books of Beta Ltd.JOURNAL
    DateParticularsL.F.Amt (Dr)Amt (Cr)
    Machinery A/cDr6,25,000
    To Vendor’s A/c
    (Being machinery purchased)
    Vendor’s A/cDr6,25,000
    To 9% Debentures A/c (1,000××500)5,00,000
    To Securities Premium Reserve A/c (1,000××125)
    (Being 9%debentures issued to vendor at premium of 25%)

    Working Note :
    1. Number of Debentures Issued = Amount Due to Vendor  Issue Price Per Debenture =6,25,000625(500+125)=1,000= Amount Due to Vendor  Issue Price Per Debenture =6,25,000625(500+125)=1,000debentures

    2. Debentures are said to have been issued at premium when Debentures are issued more than the nominal (face) value of debenture.

    3. Premium on Issue of Debentures is capital receipt and is credited to Securities Premium Reserve Account.

    4. Amount of Premium = 500*25% = Rs. 125

  2. According to the Companies Act, 2013, a company can purchase its own debentures from the open Market if it is authorised by its Articles of Association. This is known as purchase of own debentures. It can done with motive for investment or for cancellation.
  3. As per Section 71(4) of the Companies Act, 2013 and companies (share capital and debentures) rules, every company issuing debentures is required to create debenture redemption reserve of an amount that is atleast equal to 25% of the nominal (face) value of debentures that are redeemable by it. If the company have an amount in their profit than it can create it by 100% and if it is financial institutions than it will be nil.
  4. The holders of such debentures are given an option to exchanging the amount of their debentures with equity shares or other securities after a specified period.
  5. As per SEBI Guidelines, an amount equal to 25% of face value of the debentures are to be redeemed, must be transferred to DRR before the redemption begins.
  6. Books of Animesh Ltd.Journal
    DateParticularsL.F.Dr. (Rs.)Cr. (Rs.)
    Debentures application and allotment a/cDr.50,000…..
    To 12% Debentures a/c…..50,000
    (Being 12% Debentures issued at par)…..…..
    Bank A/cDr.50,000…..
    To Debentures application and allotment a/c…..50,000
    (Being money received on 500 debentures @ Rs. 100)…..…..
    Machinery a/cDr.45,000…..
    To Vendor’s a/c…..45,000
    (Being machinery purchased)…..…..
    Vendor a/cDr.45,000…..
    To 12% Debentures a/c…..35,000
    To Securities Premium a/c…..10,000
    (Being Debentures issued to vendors at a premium)…..…..
    Bank a/cDr.10,000…..
    To Bank Loan a/c…..10,000
    (Being Loan borrowed)…..…..
    Debentures suspense a/cDr.15,000…..
    To 12% Debentures a/c…..15,000
    (Being Debentures issued as collateral security)…..…..
  7. Books of Tata Ltd.JOURNAL
    DateParticularsL.F.Amt (Dr)Amt (Cr)
    Debenture Interest A/c (5,00,000×10100×612)(5,00,000×10100×612)Dr25,000
    To Income Tax Payable A/c (25,000 x 10%)2,500
    To Debenture Holders A/c22,500
    (Being interest made due for half yearly ending 30th September)
    30-SepDebenture Holders A/cDr22,500
    To Bank A/c22,500
    (Being interest paid to debenture holders)
    30-SepIncome Tax Payable A/cDr2,500
    To Bank A/c2,500
    (Being payments of tax on interest on debentures)
    31-MarDebenture Interest A/c (5,00,000×10100×612)(5,00,000×10100×612)Dr25,000
    To Income Tax Payable A/c (25,000×10%)2,500
    To Debentureholders’ A/c22,500
    (Being interest made due for half yearly ending 31st March)
    31-MarDebentureholders’ A/cDr22,500
    To Bank A/c22,500
    (Being interest paid to debentureholders’)
    31-MarIncome Tax Payable A/cDr2,500
    To Bank A/c2,500
    (Being payment of tax or interest on debentures)
    31-MarStatement of Profit and LossDr50,000
    To Interest on Debentures A/c50,000
    (Being interest on debentures account transferred to statement of profit and loss)

    NOTES :

    • T.D.S. payable is deducted before interest is paid to debenture and deposited to government account.
    • Interest on Debenture is transferred to Statement of Profit and Loss at the end of year.
  8. Books of Blue Green Ltd.JOURNAL
    DateParticularsL.F.Amt (Dr)Amt (Cr)
    2015 Mar 31Surplus i.e., Balance In Statement of Profit and LossDr3,00,000
    To Debenture Redemption Reserve A/c (W.N. 1)3,00,000
    (Being the amount equal to 25% of debentures transferred to D.R.R.)
    Apr 30Debenture Redemption Investment A/c (20,00,000××15%)Dr3,00,000
    To Bank A/c3,00,000
    (Being the amount equal to 15% of value of debentures to be redeemed invested)
    Aug 31Bank A/cDr3,00,000
    To Debenture Redemption Investment A/c3,00,000
    (Being the investment encashed)
    Aug 3112% Debentures A/cDr20,00,000
    To Debentureholders’ A/c20,00,000
    (Being the amount due on redemption)
    Aug 31Debentureholders’ A/cDr20,00,000
    To Bank A/c20,00,000
    (Being the payment made to debentureholders)
    2016 Mar 31Debenture Redemption Reserve A/c5,00,000
    To General Reserve A/c5,00,000
    (Being the transfer of balance of D.R.R. to General Reserve)

    Working Note:

    1. Amount Transferred to Debenture Redemption Reserve :

    Required Debenture Redemption Reserve (25% of 20,00,000)= 5,00,000
    (-) Existing Balance= (2,00,000)
    Rs. 3,00,000

    2. Debenture Redemption Investment should be redeemed by the company by 31st March of next year and the amount should be invested on or before 30th April of the current year.

    3. The amount invested or deposited should not at any time fall below 15% of the amount of debentures maturing by 31st March of the current year.

  9. In the books of K Ltd.Journal







    1 Apr

    Bank A/c

    Discount on issue of debentures A/c

    To 9% Debentures A/c

    (Being issued 500 9% debentures of Rs 500 each at a discount of 4%)






    30 Sep

    Bank A/c

    Tax Deducted at source A/c

    To 9% Debenture Interest A/c

    (Being interest on debentures paid and TDS deducted)






    31 Mar

    Bank A/c

    Tax Deducted at source A/c

    To 9% Debenture Interest A/c

    (Being interest on debentures paid and TDS deducted)





    DateParticularsL.F.Debit (Rs.)Credit (Rs.)
    1st April
    Bank A/c Dr.
    To Canara Bank’s loan A/c
    (Loan has taken from the bank against collateral security of debentures worth Rs.5 Lakhs)….4,00,000

    Balance Sheet of X Ltd.
    As at 1st April, 2012

    ParticularsNotes No.(Rs.)
    Equity And Liabilities
    3. Non-Current Liabilities
    (a) Long-term Borrowing116,00,000
    Notes to Balance Sheet
    Note No. 1(Rs.)
    Long-Term Borrowings:
    11% Debentures12,00,000
    Bank Loan (Against Collateral Security of Debentures Rs. 5,00,000)4,00,000

    Second Method. Entry for issue of Debentures is passed.


    DateParticularsL.F.Debit (Rs.)Credit (Rs.)
    2012, April 1Bank A/c Dr.4,00,000
    To Canara Bank’s Loan A/c4,00,000
    (Loan Taken from bank)
    Debentures Suspense A/c Dr.5,00,000
    To 11% Debentures A/c5,00,000
    (Issue of Rs. 5,00,000 Debentures issued as collateral Securities)

    Presentation of Debentures and Bank Loan will remain same as explained Balance Sheet Under 1st Method, however, presentation of information in note will differ.

    Balance Sheet of X Ltd.
    As at 31st March, 2013 (ASSUMED)

    ParticularsNotes No.(Rs.)
    1. Equity and Liabilities
    2. Non-Current Liabilities
    (a) Long-term Borrowings116,00,000

    IInd Method

    Notes to Balance Sheet

    Note No. 1
    Other Long-term Borrowings:
    11% Debentures (12,00,000 + 5,00,000)17,00,000
    Less: Debentures Suspense A/c5,00,00012,00,000
    Bank Loan (Against Collateral Security of Debentures of Rs. 5,00,000)4,00,000

    *When the loan is paid to the lender, the above entry is cancelled by passing a reverse entry.

    * If the company fails to pay the loan along with interest in time,the lender may recover the dues from the sale of primary security or by seeking redemption of collateral security, i.e., debentures. When the loan is paid back, the debentures issued as collateral security are returned to the company.These debentures do not carry any right till the time loan is being repaid along with due interest and the lender has not demanded the loan to be repaid.

Class 12 Accountancy Chapter Wise Extra Questions

  1. FS of Non profit Organisation
  2. Fundamentals of partnership and Goodwill
  3. Change in Profit sharing ratio of Partners
  4. Admission of a Partner
  5. Retirement or Death of a partner
  6. Dissolution of Partnership
  7. Accounting for share Capital
  8. Accounting for Debentures
  9. Financial Statements and Analysis
  10. Statement Analysis Tools and Accounting Ratios
  11. Cash Flow Statement

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