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CBSE Grading System and its impact

CBSE Class 10 result declared on 28th May 2010. This year CBSE issued Grades at the place of Marks. The newly introduced CBSE Grading System in class 9 and class 10 is actually a nine point scale grading system. The performance of students is assessed in nine points starting from A1 to E2.


Here we will discuss the key points and elaborate all the symbols and marking system as stated by CBSE curriculum. This newly added scheme has many points to remember and understand. Through this article we provide a simplest way to calculate your percentage and know the details of all the abbreviation and acronyms used officially. We at have posted more articles on newly adopted Grading system and CGPA to get a broad idea about it.

Grading System

The grades are provided as below:

1.    A1 –> for 91 to 100 marks ( grade point is 10)
2.    A2 –> for 81 to 90 marks  ( grade point is 9)
3.    B1 –> for 71 to 80 marks  ( grade point is 8 )
4.    B2 –> for 61 to 70 marks  ( grade point is 7)
5.    C1 –> for 51 to 60 marks  ( grade point is 6)
6.    C2 –> for 41 to 50 marks  ( grade point is 5)
7.    D –> for 33 to 40 marks  ( grade point is 4)
8.    E1 –> for 21 to 32 marks  ( no grade point)
9.    E2 –> for 00 to 20 marks  ( no grade point)

9.    E2 –> for 00 to 20 marks  ( no grade point)

Here A1, A2, B1, B2, C1, C2, D, E1 and E2 are called grades.

NOTE: There is no any grade point provided for grade E1 and E2.

Individual grades and grade points will be given for each subject. Students will also get overall grade point for five subjects. This overall grade point is called CGPA (cumulative grade point average) and it can be used to calculate estimated overall percentage of marks obtained by the student.

Calculation of Percentage for one subject : Grade Point X 9.5

Example : suppose a student get B1 in Hindi and his grade point is 8. Now his estimated percentage in Hindi will be 8 X 9.5 = 76 percent.

Calculation of overall percentage : CGPA X 9.5

Example : suppose  CGPA (printed on grade sheet) is 7.8. Now his/her estimated overall percentage will be 7.8 X 9.5 = 74.1 percent.

Note : Abbreviations used against Result :

QUAL – Eligible for Qualifying Certificate,
EIOP – Eligible for Improvement of Performance,
NIOP – Not Eligible for Improvement of Performance,
XXXX – Upgradation of Performance/Additional Subject
N.E. – Not Eligible,
R.W. – Result Withheld,
R.L. – Result Later,
UFM – Unfair means,
SJD – Subjudice?

The Grading System can have the following advantages:

  1. It will minimize misclassification of students on the basis of marks obtained.
    2. It will eliminate unhealthy cut-throat competition among high achievers.
  2. It will reduce societal pressure and will provide the learner with more flexibility.
  3. It will lead to a focus on a better learning environment.
  4. It also takes care of imperfection of tools used for assessment.


Beside all these we can’t deny the disadvantages of Grading System to avoid any mislead to the students.


Disadvantages of Grading System in schools

1.It is quite discouraging for the meritorious students.

2. It defeats the whole concept of studying hard and getting good marks.

3.It doesn’t instill a sense of competition among students.

4.Without any pressure of study we can’t expect more from the children.




    the site has not mentioned the minimum CGPA to choose a subject

  • Sir, I am the class teacher of VIII and I don’t have any idea about the promotion policy of class VI-VIII. Some students are going to leave my school dut to their father’s transfer. All the students have required the report book as soon as possible. So at this situation, what could I do? So, I kindly request you to issue promotion policy of VI-VIII immediately,so that we could provide the report book to the students early.

  • d crnt cce intrdusd by cbse is not clr to its implementors as well as students it shd b scrappd immedatly evn after 2 yrs of its implement

  • kunju

    if get very less marks for sa1 and full a1 for sa2 whether i will get overall result as a1

  • vaibhav

    if i got b1 in overall sa1 and got a2 in overall fa1 then what will be my total grade for 1st semister

  • Ravi Dutt Sharma

    if the student got E1 grade in two subjects in overall result and his co-scholastic grade point is in the range of 53-65.Can we upgrade the student for higher class without conducting EIOP exam.

  • havisha

    if i get 8.4 cgpa then what grade will i get ! and how can i know my psa result of class9

  • Hritvik Singh

    hey i got XXXX ,, what does it mean ,is this the sign of compartment

  • time for change

    This system is worst !!!!!! A student should at least know his/her marks in the respective subjects.. 60% marks are in hands of a teacher and their comes policy of favouritism …… and if we didn’t join their coaching then they will not award you good marks…:'(:-(

  • Abhishek

    I have got B2** in maths and B2*** in s.s.t , what that mean ? because of it i am having difficulty in a school admission . what i have to do ?